kinship ties
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Author(s):  
Edoardo Manarini

The third chapter deals with the dynamics of seignorial affirmation and strategies of power implemented locally by the descendant branches of the group in their respective areas of influence: the low Apennines and the plain around the city of Bologna, the area of Faenza in Romagna, the countryside around Florence and the Apennines between Tuscia and Emilia. Specific attention is devoted to kinship ties with the Canossa, demonstrated by a cluster of charters kept by the church of Pisa. The chapter proposes that despite the progressive affirmation and the development of each seigneurial rule in different patrimonial areas, the kinship network remained active, vital and connected until at least the beginning of the twelfth century.


Medievalismo ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 15-43
Author(s):  
Ignacio Álvarez Borge

Due to the characteristics of the preserved documentation, the study of the nobility in Castile in the Central Middle Ages requires the consultation of numerous collections of charters, since there are hardly any noble archives in that period –the few that are known have been conserved in monastic archives –.For this reason, the reconstruction of kinship ties and lordships and properties is extremely laborious and requires the consultation of scattered and disconnected documentation. This article explores the preserved documentation to study a very large family group, the Rojas, between approximately 1200 and 1350. The origin of the documents is analyzed and also their types from the point of view of historical analysis. Debido a las características de la documentación conservada, el estudio de la nobleza en Castilla en la Plena Edad Media exige la consulta de numerosos fondos documentales, puesto que apenas hay archivos nobiliarios en ese período -los pocos que se conocen se han conservado en archivos monásticos-. De esa forma, la reconstrucción genealógica de las familias y grupos familiares y de los dominios nobiliarios es sumamente laboriosa y exige la consulta de documentación dispersa e inconexa. En este artículo se explora la documentación conservada para estudiar un grupo familiar muy amplio, los Rojas, entre aproximadamente 1200 y 1350. Se analiza la procedencia de los documentos y sus tipos desde el punto de vista del análisis histórico.


Author(s):  
Hamdani Jumadiah
Keyword(s):  
Old Age ◽  

In the distribution of inheritance, the share of each heir has been clearly determined in the Islamic Shari'a with a ratio of 2:1 between male and female heirs. However, in practice, in Gayo communities, the distribution of inheritance is carried out by agreement of the heirs by not following the literal provisions in the Qur'an. The results of the study found that the distribution of inheritance by agreement of the heirs in the Gayo community is carried out after an explanation and determination of the size of the heirs' rights in accordance with Islamic Shari'a. The division of inheritance by agreement of the heirs is justified by Syara'. Factors that influence the distribution of inheritance by agreement of heirs in the Gayo community include adat and reusam as kinship ties in the Gayo community are very strong, the female heirs who look after and care for the testator in their old age and when they are sick, women also work like men in meeting household needs, some of the heirs are already economically established and one of the parents of the heirs is still alive.


Author(s):  
Юрий Иванович Шокин ◽  
Анатолий Михайлович Федотов ◽  
Владимир Борисович Барахнин

В данной статье, посвященной 110-летию со дня рождения одного из основоположников отечественной кибернетики, члена-корреспондента АН СССР Алексея Андреевича Ляпунова излагается его родословная, восходящая к легендарному князю Рюрику, описываются родственные связи семьи А.А. Ляпунова, входившей в круг российской интеллектуальной элиты конца XIX - начала ХХ вв. Представлен подробный анализ его научной генеалогии с использованием проекта “Математическая генеалогия”. Показано, что в научной генеалогии соавторства А.А. Ляпунова оказались перечислены имена крупнейших математиков континентальной Европы XVII - второй половины XIX вв., а также выдающихся астрономов, физиков, медиков, философов, богословов Православия, католицизма, англиканства и лютеранства. Кроме того, проанализировано научное сотрудничество А.А. Ляпунова, зафиксированное в Collaboration Distance Project. Установлено, что расстояние соавторства члена-корреспондента АН СССР А.А. Ляпунова до наиболее известных математиков и физиков ХХ-XXI вв. составляет 3-5. This article is dedicated to the 110anniversary of the birth of one of the founders of Russian cybernetics, the Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Alexei Andreevich Lyapunov, and examines his family connections and scientific contacts. A.A. Lyapunov was a representative of the noble family of the Lyapunovs, a descendant of Grigory Petrovich Lyapunov who was a prominent politician of the Time of Troubles, bravely denounced False Dmitry I and was executed by the Impostor. In turn, according to the “Russian genealogical book”, G.P. Lyapunov was a descendant of Rurik in the 27generation through the line of Konstantin Galitsky, the younger brother of Alexander Nevsky. The article shows that the encyclopedic knowledge of Aleksey Andreevich Lyapunov was founded yet by family upbringing: the Lyapunov family was closely related by kinship ties with many famous families of the Russian intellectual elite, who created in fact the national science of the late 19th - early 20th centuries: the Sechenovs, the Krylovs, the Kapitsas, the Nametkins. Further in the article, a detailed analysis of the scientific genealogy of A.A. Lyapunov with the usage of the “Mathematical Genealogy” project is carried out. In this “Genealogy” there are the names of many of the greatest mathematicians of continental Europe of the 17- second half of the 19centuries, as well as the outstanding astronomers, physicists, chemists, philosophers, theologians of Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Anglicanism and Lutheranism. On one of the lines, the Lyapunov’s scientific genealogy can be traced up to the Persian mathematicians of the 12century. In addition, the scientific collaboration of A.A. Lyapunov, which is recorded in the Collaboration Distance Project, was analyzed. It was established that the distance of co-authorship of A.A. Lyapunov, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, to the most famous mathematicians and theoretical physicists of the 20-21centuries, including almost all the Abel Prize laureates and a number of Nobel Prize winners in physics, is 3-5


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (S3) ◽  
Author(s):  
Salliyanti Salliyanti ◽  
Hariadi Susiolo ◽  
Amhar Kudadiri

This study aimed to explore the use of regional languages regarding forms of kinship based on blood and marital ties greetings by the Minangkabau's in the Bromo area. To analyze the forms of blood and marriage-related kinship greetings, a sociolinguistic study was applied. The data collection was listening to the informants' conversation regarding greetings for the Minangkabau community, followed by talking engaging techniques. The analyzed using the equivalent method with the qualitative approach. The results showed that form of blood kinship greeting such as Apak, Amak, Uda, Uni, Adiak, Anduang, Mak Gaek, Angku, Ungku, Pak Gaek, Mak Dang, Mak Wo, Mak Etek, Etek, Apak, Andeh, and Pak Etek. There are several types such as Uda, Ajo, Adiak, Abak, Amak, Uda, Ajo, Uni for marital ties greetings. These greetings, both blood, and marital kinship ties indicate cultural resistance and social bonding, which have roles in daily communication among the Minangkabau people.


2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (6) ◽  
pp. 106161
Author(s):  
Giuseppe Criaco ◽  
J. (Hans) van Oosterhout ◽  
Mattias Nordqvist
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Author(s):  
Shaun Lim Tyan Gin ◽  
Francesco Perono Cacciafoco

Abstract Abui is a Papuan language spoken in Alor Island, South-East Indonesia. Although there are rich studies on the Abui language and its structure, research on Abui toponymy, which aids the understanding of language, culture, and society, deserves greater attention. This paper analyzes features of Abui society through Abui toponyms collected using Field Linguistics and Language Documentation methods. It finds that, because place names communicate valuable information on peoples and territories, Abui toponyms reflect the agrarian lifestyle of Abui speakers and, more broadly, the close relationship that the people have with their landscape. Furthermore, Abui toponyms express positive traits in the Abui culture like kinship ties and bravery. Notwithstanding, like other pre-literate and indigenous societies, oral stories are commonly used to explain how places are named. This paper augments the existing Abui toponymic studies on the connection between names and the places they name and provides a deeper understanding of the Abui language, culture, and society.


2021 ◽  
pp. 184-201
Author(s):  
David Russell Lawrence

This paper concentrates on the material aspects of the interaction between Torres Strait Islanders and the Papuan peoples of the Fly estuary and the southwest coastal region of Papua New Guinea. In spite of the differences in ecology, habitation history and subsistence practices, or perhaps because of them, interaction between peoples of the region has a long history. Such patterns of interaction between linguistic and culturally diverse groups of peoples is well known in the Melanesian region. Historically, one of the most important cultural links between Papuans and Islanders has been regular and sustained contact maintained by voyages in large ocean-going canoes. The interesting aspect of this relationship from an economic point of view has been not only the exchange by canoes, that is, using canoes as a means of exchange, but also exchange in canoes, where the canoe itself has been the principal object of exchange. Exchange relations between Torres Strait Islanders, coastal Papuans and Australian Aboriginal groups at Cape York were facilitated by means of a sophisticated maritime technology and operated within the confines of well established real and fictive kinship ties.


Author(s):  
Marie-Claire Foblets

Legal practitioners have much to gain by drawing on findings and insights from anthropological studies of kinship. This chapter first sketches the background of kinship studies in anthropology (including criticisms of the functionalist approach that led to a turn away from kinship studies), summarizes key questions that have preoccupied kinship scholars, and draws two important lessons that can help inform legal practice. The first is the profoundly social and cultural nature of kinship (as opposed to biological); the second is the observation that what may nowadays, at first glance, appear as new ways of organizing and expressing kinship ties in fact show more continuity than disruption. The author illustrates these lessons on the basis of four examples: (a) blended families; (b) same-sex unions; (c) the role of fathers in childrearing; and (d) sexual permissiveness. The chapter next details two specific contexts in which attention to an anthropological approach to kinship can productively inform legal practice. The first involves new advances in assisted reproductive technologies (ART) that challenge the more ‘traditional’ understandings of what constitutes a family as expressed in many state legal systems. The second is the enduring importance of kinship as a form of support that provides reliable protection against the increased vulnerability caused by globalization, marginalization, and persecution. The chapter concludes with some thoughts on the inherent tension between the idea of universal human rights and the constraints on individual self-determination that are often part and parcel of the social support that kinship systems provide.


Organization ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (5) ◽  
pp. 857-875
Author(s):  
Matthew Scobie ◽  
Bill Lee ◽  
Stewart Smyth

In this study, we explore a student-supervisor relationship and the development of relational and reflexive research identities as joint actions towards decolonizing management knowledge and practice. We frame a specific case of PhD supervision through he awa whiria the braided rivers metaphor, which emerges from Māori traditions. This metaphor recognizes a plurality of knowledge streams that can start from different sources, converge, braid and depart again, from the mountains to the sea. In this metaphor, each stream maintains its own autonomy and authority, but knowledge is created at an interface in partnership. We use this framing metaphor to illustrate the tensions between co-creating knowledge with an Indigenous community that a research student has kinship ties with and feels a strong affinity to, and navigating the institutional requirements for a PhD within a UK university. We surface two contributions that open up future possibilities for supervision, research and practice. The first is the use of the metaphor to frame the student-supervisor partnership and strategies for decolonizing management knowledge more broadly. The second is the requirement for relational and reflexive research identities in decolonizing management knowledge.


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