rainfall distribution
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2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. 248-261
Chengcheng Chen ◽  
Qian Zhang ◽  
Mahsa H. Kashani ◽  
Changhyun Jun ◽  
Sayed M. Bateni ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 44 (2) ◽  
pp. 153-162
P.V. Rama RAO

Using data of 84 Years, the influence of depressions and cyclonic storms on the rainfall over Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh is studied. The portions of the Ghats, which receive heavy rains due to a depression or cyclonic storm are identified and the rainfall distribution in corresponding months is studied.    The results show that the depressions/cyclonic storms crossing not only the coastal parts of AndhraPradesh but also those of south Orissa north and TamilNadu can cause heavy rain over the Ghats in Andhra Pradesh.

2021 ◽  
Vol 43 (3) ◽  
pp. 295-300
Y. M. DUGGAL ◽  
H. S. SAGAR ◽  

A study of rainfall over Yamuna catchment from its origin upto Delhi for the period from 1976to 1990 IS made with an attempt to understand the fine distribution of rainfall in different ranges over the catch-ment for the flood operational period from .1 June to 15 October. The study of associated synoptic situations for heavy rainfall activity in the catchment is made for synoptic typing. Synoptic empirical diagrams have been developed for estimation of average isohyetal rainfall over the catchment from estimation of moisture transport.

Rachel E. Schattman ◽  
Alicyn Smart ◽  
Sean Birkel ◽  
Haley Jean ◽  
Kallol Barai ◽  

It is well established that the interacting effects of temperature and precipitation will alter agroecological systems on a global scale. These shifts will influence the fitness of specialty crops, specifically strawberries (Fragaria x ananassa), an important crop in the Northeastern United States. In this study, four precipitation scenarios were developed that are representative of current and probable-future growing season precipitation patterns. Using a precipitation simulator, we tested these scenarios on potted day neutral strawberries. This study generated four primary results: (1) though treatments received different amounts of precipitation, little difference was observed in soil volumetric water content or temperature. However, treatments designed to simulate future conditions were more likely those designed to simulate current conditions to have higher nitrate-in-leachate (N-leachate) concentrations; (2) neither total precipitation nor seasonable distribution were associated with foliar or root disease pressure; (3) while there was a slightly higher chance that photosynthetic potential and capacity would be higher in drier conditions, little difference was observed in the effects on chlorophyll concentration, and no water stress was detected in any treatment; and (4) leaf biomass was likely more affected by total rather than seasonal distribution of precipitation, but interaction between changing rainfall distribution and seasonal totals is likely to be an important driver of root biomass development in the future.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (4) ◽  
pp. 385-392
S. K. PRASAD ◽  
A. K. DAS ◽  

Based on data of 40 rainfall stations located within and in the neighbourhood of Teesta basin in north Bengal for period ranging between 7 & 23 years, hydrometeorological informations of the spatial distribution of monthly rainfall, umber of rainy days and extreme rainfall distribution over Teesta basin have been determined and presented on basin maps for the months of May to October.  The average monthly areal precipitation depth as wi1l as extreme areal precipitation depth for a day have been discussed for 6 sectors of the basin. The pentads rainfall for 22 selected stations in the catchment during May to October have also been evaluated and discussed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 65 (4) ◽  
pp. 481-496

The precipitation characteristics and spatial rainfall asymmetry in respect of three tropical cyclones (TCs) of Bay of Bengal, viz., NISHA (2008), LAILA (2010) and JAL(2010) that affected coastal Tamil Nadu are studied using TRMM based rain rate data. The analysis is carried out by dividing the life cycle of the TC into various stages of intensification and weakening. Percentage frequency distribution, radial profile and quadrant-wise mean rain rates are determined stage-wise for each TC. Further, spatio-temporal variations in the rainfall asymmetry is studied using Fourier analysis by computing the first order wave number-1 asymmetry around the TC centre. The results indicate a shifting of higher frequency rain rates from higher to lower rain rate side when the TC passes from intensification to weakening stages. The azimuthally averaged mean rain rates indicate a peak rain rate of 4-5 mm/hr over 50-100 km from the TC centre during intensification stages which decreases to a very low rate of about 1 mm/hr during the final stages of weakening. For the same intensity category, the radial profiles of mean rain rates show marked difference between the intensification and weakening stages. The quadrant mean rain rates show large asymmetries in the radial rainfall distribution with more rainfall concentrated in front left quadrant during the stages of intensification. Such TC rainfall asymmetries are shown to be influenced by the environmental vertical wind shear and translational speed of the TC. When the wind shear and storm motion vectors are in the same direction, a dominant down shear left asymmetry is observed. Evolution of wave number-1 asymmetry indicates that, by and large, asymmetry amplitude increases from the centre outwards and a cyclonic (anti-cyclonic) shift during the intensification (weakening) stages of the TCs.

2021 ◽  
Ce Chen ◽  
Chenyang Zhang ◽  
Qi Chen

2021 ◽  
Vol 65 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-18 ◽  
D.S Pai ◽  
M Rajeevan ◽  
O.P Sreejith ◽  
B. Mukhopadhyay ◽  
N.S Satbha

ABSTRACT. The study discusses development of a new daily gridded rainfall data set (IMD4) at a high spatial resolution (0.25° × 0.25°, latitude × longitude) covering a longer period of 110 years (1901-2010) over the Indian main land.  A comparison of IMD4 with 4 other existing daily gridded rainfall data sets of different spatial resolutions and time periods has also been discussed. For preparing the new gridded data, daily rainfall records from 6955 rain gauge stations in India were used, highest  number of stations used by any studies so far for such a purpose. The gridded data set was developed after making quality control of basic rain-gauge stations. The comparison of IMD4 with other data sets suggested that the climatological and variability features of rainfall over India derived from IMD4 were comparable with the existing gridded daily rainfall data sets. In addition, the spatial rainfall distribution like heavy rainfall areas in the orographic regions of the west coast and over northeast, low rainfall in the lee ward side of the Western Ghats etc. were more realistic and better presented in IMD4 due to its higher spatial resolution and to the higher density of rainfall stations used for its development.

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