Respiratory Quinone
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2022 ◽  
Delong Kong ◽  
Qingqing Li ◽  
Yanzheng Zhou ◽  
Yan Wang ◽  
Xu Jiang ◽  

Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and motile bacterium, named LAMW06T, was isolated from greenhouse soil in Beijing, China. In the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison, strain LAMW06T had the highest similarity with Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis 1NT was 97.4%. Phylogenetic analysis base on the 16S rRNA and three housekeeping gene sequences (gyrB, rpoB and rpoD) indicated that LAMW06T represented a member of the genus Pseudomonas. The genome sequence size of the isolate was 5.5 Mb, with the DNA G+C content of 63.5 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain LAMW06T and closely related members of Pseudomonas borbori R-20821T, Pseudomonas taeanensis MS-3T and Pseudomonas cuatrocienegasensis 1NT were 90.9%, 82.4%, 81.5 % and 43.0%, 25.9%, 24.6 % respectively. The major fatty acids contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c), C18:1 ω7c and C16:0. The primary respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-9. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, six aminophospholipids, six phospholipids, one aminolipid and one glycolipid. According to the genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data, strain LAMW06T represents a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas tumuqiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAMW06T (=GDMCC 1.2003T =KCTC 72829T).

2022 ◽  
Zhi-Da Zi ◽  
Wen Wen ◽  
Fu Ma ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Zhao-Xuan Wang ◽  

Abstract Strain WGZ8T was isolated from a soil sample of Puerh tea garden in Puer city, Southwest China. The isolate was rod-shaped, Gram-stain negative, aerobic, non-motile. Growth occurred within 0-3.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimal concentration, 0-1.0%), pH 5.0-11.0 (optimal pH, 7.0) and 10-40°C (optimal temperature, 28°C). 16S rRNA gene sequences based phylogenetic and phylogenomic analysis revealed that WGZ8T belonged to the genus Microvirga. Its major cellular fatty acids were C19:0 cyclo ω8c, C16:0, C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c. The profile of polar lipids included phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidyl-glycerol. The only respiratory quinone was detected as ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The genome size of strain WGZ8T was 5.17MB, and the content of DNA G+C was 61%. Based on the results of digital DNA-DNA hybridization and phenotypic results, strain WGZ8T could be concluded as a novel species of the genus Microvirga, for which the name Microvirga puerhi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WGZ8T (=CGMCC 1.19171T=JCM XXXXT).

Yanzhu Zhang ◽  
Shufen He ◽  
Liufei Shi ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Deqiang Mao ◽  

An aerobic Gram-stain-negative, curved rod-shaped and non-spore-forming bacterial strain (NBU2194T) was isolated from seawater collected in an intertidal zone in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, PR China. It was motile though a single polar flagellum and grew at 20–42 °C (optimum, 30 °C), in 0–2.0 % NaCl (0 %, w/v) and at pH 5.0–9.0 (pH 6.0–7.0). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C16 : 1  ω7c and/or C16 : 1  ω6c. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified aminophosphoglycolipids. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and 65 genomic core genes showed that strain NBU2194T formed a distinct lineage in the family Alteromonadaceae . The genome of strain NBU2194T was 4 913 533 bp with a DNA G+C content of 43.9 mol% and coded 3895 genes, 12 rRNA genes and 47 tRNA genes. The average nucleotide identity, amino acid identity and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain NBU2194T and related species of Alteromonadaceae were below the threshold limit for prokaryotic species delineation. NBU2194T could be distinguished from other genera in the family Alteromonadaceae based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics. On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomic evidence collected in this study, strain NBU2194T is considered to represent a novel genus and species in the family Alteromonadaceae , for which the name Paraneptunicella aestuarii is proposed. The type strain is NBU2194T (=KCTC 82442T=GDMCC 1.2217T).

Wonjae Kim ◽  
Minkyung Kim ◽  
Woojun Park

Strain NIBR12T (=KACC 22094T=HAMBI 3739T), a novel Gram-stain-negative, obligate aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and coccobacillus-shaped bacterium, was isolated from a cyanobacterial sample culture (Microcysitis aeruginosa NIBRCYC000000452). The newly identified bacterial strain grew optimally in modified Reasoner's 2A medium under the following conditions: 0 % (w/v) NaCl, pH 7.5 and 35 °C. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene sequence confirmed that strain NIBR12T belongs to the genus Roseococcus , with its closest neighbours being Roseococcus suduntuyensis SHETT (98.8%), Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus RB-3T (97.7%), “Sediminicoccus rosea” R-30T (95.7 %) and Rubritepida flocculans H-8T (95.0 %). Genomic comparison of strain NIBR12T with type species in the genus Roseococcus was conducted using digital DNA–DNA hybridization, average nucleotide identity and average amino acid identity analyses, resulting in values of ≤53.7, ≤93.7 and ≤96.1 %, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain NIBR12T was 70.9 mol%. The major fatty acids of strain NIBR12T were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1  ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c). Q-9 was its major respiratory quinone. Moreover, the major polar lipids of strain NIBR12T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. Based on our chemotaxonomic, genotypic and phenotype analyses, strain NIBR12T is identified as represeting a novel species of the genus Roseococcus , for which the name Roseococcus microcysteis sp. nov. is proposed.

Diversity ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 670
Sanaullah Tareen ◽  
Chandra Risdian ◽  
Mathias Müsken ◽  
Joachim Wink

A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, lemon-yellow-colored, and non-spore-forming rod-shaped bacterium designated strain NZ-12BT was isolated in February 2021 from a sponge species (Crateromorpha) collected at the southern Kermadec Ridge, Pacific Ocean, New Zealand. Comparative 16S rRNA gene-based analyses indicated that strain NZ-12BT shared 98.58%, 96.44%, 96.23%, and 94.78% 16S rRNA sequence similarity to Alteriqipengyuania lutimaris S-5T, Qipengyuania pelagi UST081027-248T, Qipengyuania citreus RE35F/1T, and Alteriqipengyuania halimionae CPA5T, respectively. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10(Q-10). The polar lipid profile of NZ-12BT was composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl-N-methyl-ethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, one unknown polar lipid, three unknown phospholipids, and three unknown glycolipids. The major fatty acids of strain NZ-12BT were C18:1ω12t, C16:0, C17:1ω6c, and C14:02-OH. Carotenoids were present. Genome mining analysis revealed a biosynthetic gene cluster encoding for the terpene biosynthesis. Pairwise ANI and dDDH values of strain NZ-12BT and closely related phylogenetic neighbors were below the threshold values of 95% and 70%, respectively. The DNA G+C content was 65.4 mol% (by genome). Based on data obtained by a polyphasic approach, type strain NZ-12BT (=DSM 112810T = NCCB 100841T) represents a novel species of the genus Alteriqipengyuania, for which the name Alteriqipengyuania abyssalis sp. nov. is proposed.

2021 ◽  
Ram Hari Dahal ◽  
Jungmin Kim ◽  
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary ◽  
Dong-Uk Kim ◽  
Hyein Jang ◽  

Abstract A white-colony-forming, aerobic, motile and Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated G-1-2-2T was isolated from soil of agriculture field near Kyonggi University, Republic of Korea. Strain G-1-2-2T synthesize the polyhydroxybutyrate and could grow at 10–35°C. The phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain G-1-2-2T formed a lineage within the family Comamonadaceae and clustered as a member of the genus Ramlibacter. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain G-1-2-2T showed high sequence similarities with Ramlibacter ginsenosidimutans BXN5-27T (97.9%), Ramlibacter monticola G-3-2T (97.9%) and Ramlibacter alkalitolerans CJ661T (97.4%). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8 (Q-8). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and an unidentified phospholipid. The principal cellular fatty acids were C16:0, cyclo-C17:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). The genome of strain G-1-2-2T was 7,200,642 bp long with 13 contigs, 6,647 protein-coding genes, and DNA G+C content of 68.9%. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain G-1-2-2T and closest members were ≤81.2 and 24.1%, respectively. The genome of strain G-1-2-2T showed eight putative biosynthetic gene clusters responsible for various secondary metabolites. Genome mining revealed the presence of atoB, atoB2, phaS, phbB, phbC, bhbD genes in the genome which are responsible for polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis. Based on these data, strain G-1-2-2T represents a novel species in the genus Ramlibacter, for which the name Ramlibacter agri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-1-2-2T (= KACC 21616T = NBRC 114389T).

Qunfang Yu ◽  
Yanxiang Qi ◽  
Jinji Pu

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YQF-2T, was isolated from coastal sediment sampled in Jiangsu Province and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal bacterial growth occurred at 28 °C (range 4–38 °C) and pH 7 (pH 6–10). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YQF-2T was related to members of the genus Rheinheimera and shared the highest sequence identities with Rheinheimera pacifica KMM 1406T (98.6%), followed by Rheinheimera aestuarii H29T (98.4%), Rheinheimera japonica KMM 9513T (98.3%), Rheinheimera aquimaris SW-353T (98.3%), Rheinheimera hassiensis E48T (97.8%) and Rheinheimera muenzenbergensis E49T (97.7%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence identities between strain YQF-2T and other members of the genus Rheinheimera were below 97.2%. The digital DNA–DNA hybridization value between strain YQF-2T and R. pacifica KMM 1406T was 23.3±2.3%. The average nucleotide identity value between strain YQF-2T and R. pacifica KMM 1406T was 79.7%. The unique respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. Phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol were identified as the major polar lipids. The strain had summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c), C16:0, C12:0 3-OH and iso-C17:0 3-OH as major fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 50.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic evidence, strain YQF-2T represents a novel species of the genus Rheinheimera , for which the name Rheinheimera lutimaris sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain YQF-2T (=KCTC 72184T=MCCC 1K03663T).

Yingning Wang ◽  
Fang Ma ◽  
Jixian Yang ◽  
Haijuan Guo ◽  
Delin Su

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated as YN2T, that is capable of degrading 1,4-dioxane, was isolated from active sludge collected from a wastewater treatment plant in Harbin, PR China. Cells of strain YN2T were aerobic, motile, pleomorphic rods, mostly twisted, and contained the water-insoluble yellow zeaxanthin dirhamnoside. Strain YN2T grew at 10–40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 5.0–8.0 (pH 7.0) and with 0–1 % (w/v) NaCl (0.1 %). It also could grow chemolithoautotrophically and fix N2 when no ammonium or nitrate was supplied. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YN2T belongs to the genus Xanthobacter and shares the highest pairwise identity with Xanthobacter autotrophicus 7cT (98.6 %) and Xanthobacter flavus 301T (98.4 %). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. Chemotaxonomic analysis revealed that the strain possesses C16 : 0, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and C18 : 1 ω7c as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content was 67.95 mol%. Based on genome sequences, the DNA–DNA hybridization estimate values between strain YN2T and X. autotrophicus 7cT, X. flavus 301T and X. tagetidis TagT2CT (the only three species of Xanthobacter with currently available genomes) were 31.70, 31.30 and 28.50 %; average nucleotide identity values were 85.23, 84.84 and 83.59 %; average amino acid identity values were 81.24, 80.23 and 73.57 %. Based on its phylogenetic, phenotypic, and physiological characteristics, strain YN2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Xanthobacter , for which the name Xanthobacter dioxanivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YN2T (=CGMCC 1.19031T=JCM 34666T).

Zhe Li ◽  
Wenjin Hu ◽  
Shushi Huang ◽  
Yuanlin Huang ◽  
Fei Li ◽  

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, milky white bacterium, designated B2012T, was isolated from mangrove sediment collected at Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. Antimicrobial activity assay revealed that the isolate possesses the capability of producing antibacterial compounds. Strain B2012T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence relatedness (96.9–95.5 %) with members of the genus Acuticoccus . The isolate and all known Acuticoccus species contain Q-10 as the main respiratory quinone and have the same polar lipid components (phosphatidylcholine, unidentified glycolipid, unidentified lipid, unidentified amino lipid and phosphatidylglycerol). However, genomic relatedness referred by values of average nucleotide identity, digital DNA–DNA hybridization, average amino acid identity and the percentage of conserved proteins between strain B2012T and other type strains of the genus Acuticoccus were below the proposed thresholds for species discrimination. The genome of strain B2012T was assembled into 65 scaffolds with an N50 size of 244239 bp, resulting in a 5.5 Mb genome size. Eight secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters were detected in this genome, including three non-ribosomal peptide biosynthetic loci encoding yet unknown natural products. Strain B2012T displayed moderately halophilic and alkaliphilic properties, growing optimally at 2–3 % (w/v) NaCl concentration and at pH 8–9. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 dimethyl aldehyde (DMA) and C16 : 0. Combined data from phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses suggested that strain B2012T represents a novel species of the genus Acuticoccus , for which the name Acuticoccus mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is B2012T (=MCCC 1K04418T=KCTC 72962T).

Yea-Lin Moon ◽  
Jin-Sook Park

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile via polar flagellum, facultatively aerobic, light-yellow, bacterium (designated 188UL20-2T) was isolated from a mussel sample of Mytilus coruscus collected on Ulleung Island, Ulleung-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing results, strain 188UL20-2T clustered with species of the genus Vibrio and appeared closely related to Vibrio marisflavi DSM 23086T (96.59%), Vibrio variabilis DSM 26147T (96.57%), Vibrio penaeicida DSM 14398T (96.37%) and Vibrio litoralis DSM 17657T (95.97%). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain 188UL20-2T and its closest related strain were 71.3 and 16.4%, indicating that 188UL20-2T represents a novel species of the genus Vibrio . Growth occurred at 18–37 °C on MA medium in the presence of 1–4% NaCl (w/v) and at pH 5.0–10.0. The DNA G+C content of the genomic DNA was 45.4 mol%, and ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the major respiratory quinone. The major cellular fatty acids (>5%) were C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c (summed feature 3), C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c (summed feature 8), C16:0, C16:0 iso, C14:0, C14:0 iso and C12:0. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids, unidentified aminophospholipid, unidentified glycolipid and seven unidentified lipids. Physiological and biochemical characteristics indicated that strain 188UL20-2T represents a novel species of the genus Vibrio , for which the name Vibrio ulleungensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 188UL20-2T (=KACC 22258T=LMG 32202T).

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