Zigbee Standard
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Author(s):  
Xiangyang Wang ◽  
Chunxiang Gu ◽  
Fushan Wei ◽  
Siqi Lu

As an Internet of things (IoT) technology, the ZigBee has a wide range of applications in home automation, smart energy, commercial building automation, personal, home and hospital care, telecom, and wireless sensor. The ZigBee standard has the advantage of high reliability, which is based on the security of authentication key agreement protocol, namely, the SKKE protocol. In the ZigBee standard, this protocol based on shared symmetric-key is applied on the security protocol level. It is a full symmetric-key key agreement with key confirmation scheme, while the key confirmation mechanism is provided by a message authentication coding mechanism. In this paper, we consider the security of the SKKE protocol. In the random Oracle model, we reduce the security of the SKKE protocol to the collision of the hash function and the HMAC function and the indistinguishability between the output of the random Oracle and a random number. We also give a theoretical proof with the game-based method. To our knowledge, there is no research on the provable security of the ZigBee protocol at this stage, so it is helpful to promote further research of the ZigBee protocol security.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ritchinder R. S. Samrai

This project is concerned with the application of the ZigBee communication standard for implementing a temperature measurement system. Due to ZigBee's low-power and low data rate features, it is ideal for analog sensor systems. Digi's ZigBee devices called XBee are used in this project. The XBee devices meet all the ZigBee standard. The XBee device has the advantage of being programmed with API firmware (application programming interface). XBee's API provides fast and reliable communication between the remote stations and the base station. The remote station has three different modules: power supply, temperature sensor and XBee device. The power supply is designed to output 3.3V. The temperature sensor is designed so that the output stays within the XBee's maximum analog input voltage range of 0V to 1.2V. The XBee device is programmed as a router. The base station has three different modules: Arduino microcontroller, LCD display and XBee device. The Arduino is programmed to receive the analog readings from the XBee device and convert them into temperature readings The temperature readings are displayed on the LCD display. The XBee device is programmed as a coordinator. The design successfully worked for 3 remote stations and 1 base station.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ritchinder R. S. Samrai

This project is concerned with the application of the ZigBee communication standard for implementing a temperature measurement system. Due to ZigBee's low-power and low data rate features, it is ideal for analog sensor systems. Digi's ZigBee devices called XBee are used in this project. The XBee devices meet all the ZigBee standard. The XBee device has the advantage of being programmed with API firmware (application programming interface). XBee's API provides fast and reliable communication between the remote stations and the base station. The remote station has three different modules: power supply, temperature sensor and XBee device. The power supply is designed to output 3.3V. The temperature sensor is designed so that the output stays within the XBee's maximum analog input voltage range of 0V to 1.2V. The XBee device is programmed as a router. The base station has three different modules: Arduino microcontroller, LCD display and XBee device. The Arduino is programmed to receive the analog readings from the XBee device and convert them into temperature readings The temperature readings are displayed on the LCD display. The XBee device is programmed as a coordinator. The design successfully worked for 3 remote stations and 1 base station.


In this paper, a mathematical model of the operation process of the ZigBee standard wireless network for remote monitoring systems based on the Markov chain apparatus was developed. Using the model was evaluated of the operation process of the CSMA/CA algorithm of the MAC level of the IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee standard. The peculiarity of this mathematical model is that it takes into account the level of loading of network elements and potential distortions in the transmitted packets as a result of the influence of interference. Using the developed mathematical model, the main characteristics of the network operation process, such as dependence of the probability of successful transmission of packets on the system load (on the number of nodes), the dependence of the bandwidth on system load (on the number of nodes) for the case where there is noise in the channel and for the absence of noise in the channel were obtained.


The proposed work is to monitor the underground Gold mining gas leakage system using zigbee module. In the existing system, whenever the parameter values increases above the threshold value, then a message will be sent. In this current system the information send from the main server to all workers, if the conditions become unfavourable in the working place, mine workers will be alerted to leave the place, through which the Gold mine accidents can be avoided. So the productivity can be increased and safety to the Gold mining process


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