Barrier Option
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2021 ◽  
Vol 63 ◽  
pp. 228-248
Author(s):  
Geraldine Tour ◽  
Nawdha Thakoor ◽  
Désiré Yannick Tangman

We propose a Legendre–Laguerre spectral approximation to price the European and double barrier options in the time-fractional framework. By choosing an appropriate basis function, the spectral discretization is used for the approximation of the spatial derivatives of the time-fractional Black–Scholes equation. For the time discretization, we consider the popular \(L1\) finite difference approximation, which converges with order \(\mathcal{O}((\Delta \tau)^{2-\alpha})\) for functions which are twice continuously differentiable. However, when using the \(L1\) scheme for problems with nonsmooth initial data, only the first-order accuracy in time is achieved. This low-order accuracy is also observed when solving the time-fractional Black–Scholes European and barrier option pricing problems for which the payoffs are all nonsmooth. To increase the temporal convergence rate, we therefore consider a Richardson extrapolation method, which when combined with the spectral approximation in space, exhibits higher order convergence such that high accuracies over the whole discretization grid are obtained. Compared with the traditional finite difference scheme, numerical examples clearly indicate that the spectral approximation converges exponentially over a small number of grid points. Also, as demonstrated, such high accuracies can be achieved in much fewer time steps using the extrapolation approach.   doi:10.1017/S1446181121000286  


Fractals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chengxuan Xie ◽  
Xiaoxiao Xia ◽  
Yones Esmaeelzade Aghdam ◽  
Behnaz Farnam ◽  
Hossein Jafari ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-21
Author(s):  
GERALDINE TOUR ◽  
NAWDHA THAKOOR ◽  
DÉSIRÉ YANNICK TANGMAN

Abstract We propose a Legendre–Laguerre spectral approximation to price the European and double barrier options in the time-fractional framework. By choosing an appropriate basis function, the spectral discretization is used for the approximation of the spatial derivatives of the time-fractional Black–Scholes equation. For the time discretization, we consider the popular $L1$ finite difference approximation, which converges with order $\mathcal {O}((\Delta \tau )^{2-\alpha })$ for functions which are twice continuously differentiable. However, when using the $L1$ scheme for problems with nonsmooth initial data, only the first-order accuracy in time is achieved. This low-order accuracy is also observed when solving the time-fractional Black–Scholes European and barrier option pricing problems for which the payoffs are all nonsmooth. To increase the temporal convergence rate, we therefore consider a Richardson extrapolation method, which when combined with the spectral approximation in space, exhibits higher order convergence such that high accuracies over the whole discretization grid are obtained. Compared with the traditional finite difference scheme, numerical examples clearly indicate that the spectral approximation converges exponentially over a small number of grid points. Also, as demonstrated, such high accuracies can be achieved in much fewer time steps using the extrapolation approach.


Author(s):  
Amirhossein Sobhani ◽  
mariyan milev

In this paper, a rapid and high accurate numerical method for pricing discrete single and double barrier knock-out call options is presented. With regard to the well-known Black-Scholes model, the price of an option in each monitoring date could be calculated by computing a recursive integral formula that is based on the heat equation solution. We have approximated these recursive solutions with the aid of Lagrange interpolation on Jacobi polynomial nodes. After that, an operational matrix, that makes our computation significantly fast, has been derived. In some theorems, the convergence of the presented method has been shown and the rate of convergence has been derived. The most important benefit of this method is that its complexity is very low and does not depend on the number of monitoring dates. The numerical results confirm the accuracy and efficiency of the presented numerical algorithm.


Author(s):  
Ting Jin ◽  
Hongxuan Xia ◽  
Shangce Gao

Uncertain fractional-order differential equations driven by Liu process are of significance to depict the heredity and memory features of uncertain dynamical systems. This paper primarily investigates the reliability analysis of the uncertain fractional-order dynamic system with a state constraint. On the basis of the first-hitting time (FHT), a novel uncertain fractional-order dynamic system considering a state constraint is proposed. Secondly, in view of the relation between the initial state and the required standard, such uncertain fractional-order dynamic systems are subdivided into four types. The concept of reliability of proposed uncertain system with a state constraint is presented innovatively. Corresponding reliability indexes are ulteriorly formulated via FHT theorems. Lastly, the uncertain fractional-order dynamic system with a state constraint is applied to different physical and financial dynamical models. The analytic expression of the reliability index is derived to demonstrate the reasonableness of our model. Meanwhile, expected time response and American barrier option prices are calculated by using the predictor-corrector scheme. A sensitivity analysis is also illustrated with respect to various conditions.


Author(s):  
Luca Vincenzo Ballestra

AbstractWe show that the performances of the finite difference method for double barrier option pricing can be strongly enhanced by applying both a repeated Richardson extrapolation technique and a mesh optimization procedure. In particular, first we construct a space mesh that is uniform and aligned with the discontinuity points of the solution being sought. This is accomplished by means of a suitable transformation of coordinates, which involves some parameters that are implicitly defined and whose existence and uniqueness is theoretically established. Then, a finite difference scheme employing repeated Richardson extrapolation in both space and time is developed. The overall approach exhibits high efficacy: barrier option prices can be computed with accuracy close to the machine precision in less than one second. The numerical simulations also reveal that the improvement over existing methods is due to the combination of the mesh optimization and the repeated Richardson extrapolation.


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