sulfur oxidizing bacteria
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Minerals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 100
Ivica Ristović ◽  
Darina Štyriaková ◽  
Iveta Štyriaková ◽  
Jaroslav Šuba ◽  
Emilija Širadović

Flotation wastes are becoming a valuable secondary raw material and source of many metals and semimetals worldwide with the possibilities of industrial recycling. The flotation tailings contain oxide and sulfide minerals that have not been sufficiently stabilized and form acidic mine waters, which in turn contaminate groundwater, rivers, and reservoi6sediments. An effective way to recycle these mine wastes is to recover the metals through leaching. While the focus is on acid bioleaching by iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, alkaline leaching, and the removal of iron-containing surface coatings on sulfide minerals contribute significantly to the overall environmental efficiency of leaching. For this study, static and percolate bioleaching of copper from flotation waste at the Bor copper mine in Serbia was investigated in alkaline and then acidic environments. The aim of the study was to verify the effect of alkaline pH and nutrient stimulation on the bioleaching process and element extraction. A sample was taken from a mine waste site, which was characterized by XRF analyses. The concentration of leached copper was increased when copper oxide minerals dissolved during alkaline bioleaching. The highest copper yield during alkaline bioleaching was achieved after 9 days and reached 67%. The addition of nutrients in acidic medium enhanced the degradation of sulfide minerals and increased Cu recovery to 74%, while Fe and Ag recoveries were not significantly affected. Combined bioleaching with alkaline media and iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in acidic media should be a good reference for ecological Cu recovery from copper oxide and sulfide wastes.

Yong Guo ◽  
Hideyuki Ihara ◽  
Tomo Aoyagi ◽  
Tomoyuki Hori ◽  
Yoko Katayama

Sulfurovum spp. TSL1 and TSL6 are sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic bacteria isolated from the tsunami-launched marine sediment in the Great East Japan earthquake. This announcement describes the draft genome sequences of the two isolates that possess the gene sets for the sulfur oxidation pathway.

2021 ◽  
Vol 923 (1) ◽  
pp. 012074
Abdullah Karim Jabbar ◽  
Dalia Qassem Al-Ziyadi

Abstract A field experiment was carried out in the agricultural season 2020-2021 in an agricultural field located in the Al-Jarboua area (Al Hafez) in Al-Muthanna Governorate to study the effect of inoculation with sulfur-oxidizing bacteria and agricultural sulfur levels and their interactions on the yield of wheat plant Triticum aestivum L. Ibaa cultivar 99. The study was carried out in two stages, the first is isolation Sulfur oxidizing bacteria and the second used as a inoculant in the agricultural experiment to study its effect on soil characteristics and its content of nutrients NPK and S. At two levels T0 without adding the bacterial inoculum and T1 adding the first isolate of bacteria The second factor included the addition of agricultural sulfur with four levels of sulfur (S0 were taken without addition, S1 added 750 kg ha−1, S2 added 1500 kg ha−1 and S3 added 2250 kg ha−1) In three replications, the number of experimental units reached 36 experimental units. The results of the study also showed that inoculation with bacterial isolates led to a significant increase in the readiness of nutrients N, P, K and S, and the highest rate of sulfur was (1895) mg. The pollination also led to a significant increase in the growth characteristics of the plant (plant height, number of spikes and grain yield), as it recorded (101.25 cm, 393.22 spike m−1 and 6.73 mcg/ha−1), respectively. The addition of agricultural sulfur at different levels affected a significant increase in the availability of nutrients N, P, K and S, and the highest rate of sulfur at the level of S3 was (1817) mg. Also, the bilateral interaction between inoculation with bacterial isolates and agricultural sulfur led to a significant increase in the availability of nutrients N, P, K and S. kg −1 soil.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 ◽  
pp. 677-685
Saowaluck Haosagul ◽  
Sukunya Oaew ◽  
Peerada Prommeenate ◽  
Vanatpornratt Sawasdee ◽  
Siriorn Boonyawanich ◽  

Chemistry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 1166-1177
Georgios Fytianos ◽  
Dimitra Banti ◽  
Esmeralda Dushku ◽  
Efthimios Papastergiadis ◽  
Minas Yiangou ◽  

Concrete sewer pipes can be corroded by the biogenic sulfuric acid (H2SO4) generated from microbiological activities in a process called biocorrosion or microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC). In this study, inhibitors that can reduce Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans growth and thus may reduce the accumulation of biofilm components responsible for the biodegradation of concrete were used. D-tyrosine, tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium sulfate (THPS) and TiO2 nanoparticles were investigated as potential inhibitors of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) growth. Results showed that most of the chemicals used can inhibit SOB growth at a concentration lower than 100 mg/L. TiO2 nanoparticles exhibited the highest biocide effect and potential biocorrosion mitigation activity, followed by D-tyrosine and THPS.

2021 ◽  
pp. 197-202
Vimalkumar Prajapati ◽  
Swati Patel ◽  
Radhika Patel ◽  
Vaibhavkumar Mehta

2021 ◽  
Kelly J Whaley-Martin ◽  
Lin-Xing Chen ◽  
Tara Colebrander Nelson ◽  
Jay Gordon ◽  
Rose Kantor ◽  

Acidification of freshwater in mining impacted areas is a major global environmental problem catalyzed by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB). To date, little is known about the active bacteria in mine tailings impoundments and their environmental niches. Here, biological sulfur oxidation was investigated over four years in a mine tailings impoundment, integrating sulfur geochemistry, genome-resolved metagenomics and metatranscriptomics. We demonstrated oxygen driven niche partitioning of SOB and their metabolic pathways that explain acidity generation and thiosulfate persistence. Four chemolithoautotrophic SOB, Halothiobacillus, Thiobacillus, Sulfuricurvum and Sediminibacterium comprised 37% to 73% of the analyzed communities. The impoundment waters alternated between the dominance of Halothiobacillus versus a Thiobacillus, Halothiobacillus, Sulfuricurvum and Sediminibacterium consortia. Halothiobacillus dominance was associated with lower pH values (~4.3), higher [H+]/[SO42-] and lower [S2O32-], collectively indicative of extensive sulfur oxidation. Halothiobacillus, which couple sulfur oxidation via the Sox pathway to aerobic respiration or NO2- reduction, were present throughout the depth profile, yet their expression of sox genes occurred only in upper highly oxygenated waters. Conversely, when consortia of Thiobacillus, Halothiobacillus, Sulfuricurvum and Sediminibacterium dominated, recycling/disproportionating reactions were more prevalent. Thiobacillus, which dominated deeper micro-oxic/anoxic waters, oxidized sulfur primarily through the rDSR pathway, coupled to NO3-/NO2- reduction, resulting in lower [H+]/[SO42-] and higher [S2O32-] relative to upper waters. These field results mirror the Sox/rDSR-geochemical patterns of experimental SOB enrichments and reveal opportunities for biological treatments of recalcitrant reduced sulfur compounds, as well as gene-based monitoring and in situ RNA detection to predict the onset of problematic geochemistry.

Plants ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (9) ◽  
pp. 1901
So-Young Lee ◽  
Eun-Gyeong Kim ◽  
Jae-Ryoung Park ◽  
Young-Hyun Ryu ◽  
Won Moon ◽  

Peat moss is an organic substance corroded by sphagnum moss and has a pH of 3.0–4.0. Elemental sulfur is sulfated and oxidized by the action of bacteria to become sulfuric acid. These biological factors can alter the soil environment. Blueberries require soil with a pH of 4.5–5.2 and high organic matter content. In this experiment, we investigated whether different treatment rates of peat moss, elemental sulfur, and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria affect changes in soil pH, physicochemical properties, and electrical conductivity. We detected strong changes in soil pH as a reaction to the supply of peat moss, elemental sulfur, and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. The pH of the soil when peat moss and elemental sulfur each were supplied was reduced. In addition, the pH decreased faster when elemental sulfur and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were supplied together than elemental sulfur alone, satisfying an acidic soil environment suitable for blueberry cultivation. In this experiment, it is shown that peat moss, elemental sulfur, and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria are suitable for lowering soil pH. It was demonstrated that when elemental sulfur and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria were treated together, the pH decreased faster than when treated with peat moss. It could be economically beneficial to farmers to use elemental sulfur and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, which are cheaper than peat moss, to reduce the pH of the soil.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Brandi Cron ◽  
Jennifer L. Macalady ◽  
Julie Cosmidis

This work shines light on the role of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) in the formation and preservation of elemental sulfur biominerals produced by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. We characterized elemental sulfur particles produced within a Sulfurovum-rich biofilm in the Frasassi Cave System (Italy). The particles adopt spherical and bipyramidal morphologies, and display both stable (α-S8) and metastable (β-S8) crystal structures. Elemental sulfur is embedded within a dense matrix of EPS, and the particles are surrounded by organic envelopes rich in amide and carboxylic groups. Organic encapsulation and the presence of metastable crystal structures are consistent with elemental sulfur organomineralization, i.e., the formation and stabilization of elemental sulfur in the presence of organics, a mechanism that has previously been observed in laboratory studies. This research provides new evidence for the important role of microbial EPS in mineral formation in the environment. We hypothesize that the extracellular organics are used by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria for the stabilization of elemental sulfur minerals outside of the cell wall as a store of chemical energy. The stabilization of energy sources (in the form of a solid electron acceptor) in biofilms is a potential new role for microbial EPS that requires further investigation.

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