AbstractThe fabrication of novel oxide glass is a challenging topic in glass science. Alumina (Al2O3) glass cannot be fabricated by a conventional melt–quenching method, since Al2O3 is not a glass former. We found that amorphous Al2O3 synthesized by the electrochemical anodization of aluminum metal shows a glass transition. The neutron diffraction pattern of the glass exhibits an extremely sharp diffraction peak owing to the significantly dense packing of oxygen atoms. Structural modeling based on X-ray/neutron diffraction and NMR data suggests that the average Al–O coordination number is 4.66 and confirms the formation of OAl3 triclusters associated with the large contribution of edge-sharing Al–O polyhedra. The formation of edge-sharing AlO5 and AlO6 polyhedra is completely outside of the corner-sharing tetrahedra motif in Zachariasen’s conventional glass formation concept. We show that the electrochemical anodization method leads to a new path for fabricating novel single-component oxide glasses.
This study presented an analysis of the TeO2/GeO2 molar ratio in an oxide glass system. A family of melt-quenched glasses with the range of 0–35 mol% of GeO2 has been characterized by using DSC, Raman, MIR, refractive index, PLE, PL spectra, and time-resolved spectral measurements. The increase in the content of germanium oxide caused an increase in the transition temperature but a decrease in the refractive index. The photoluminescence spectra of europium ions were examined under the excitation of 465 nm, corresponding to 7F0 → 5D2 transition. The PSB (phonon sidebands) analysis was carried out to determine the phonon energy of the glass hosts. It was reported that the red (5D0 → 7F2) to orange (5D0 → 7F1) fluorescence intensity ratio for Eu3+ ions decreased from 4.49 (Te0Ge) to 3.33 (Te15Ge) and showed a constant increase from 4.58 (Te20Ge) to 4.88 (Te35Ge). These optical features were explained in structural studies, especially changes in the coordination of Ge to Ge. The most extended lifetime was reported for the Eu3+ doped glass with the highest content of GeO2. This glass was successfully used for the drawing of optical fiber.
We remind the reader to some common features of metallic and oxide glasses. We then introduce the radiotracer method for diffusion studies, which can be applied for both types of glasses. We provide an overview on diffusion in metallic glasses in which we consider both types of metallic glasses – conventional and bulk metallic glasses. In the last part we discuss diffusion and ionic conduction in oxide glasses. For ionic glasses, conductivity measurements are an important complement to tracer diffusion studies. We remind the reader to the method of impedance spectroscopy. We discuss results for soda-lime silicate glasses, single alkali borate glasses and mixed alkali borate glasses and present evidence for collective jump processes in glasses.
Oxide glasses are the most commonly studied non-crystalline materials in Science and Technology, though compositions where part of the oxygen is replaced by other anions, e.g. fluoride, sulfide or nitride, have given rise to a good number of works and several key applications, from optics to ionic conductors. Oxynitride silicate or phosphate glasses stand out among all others because of their higher chemical and mechanical stability and their research continues particularly focused onto the development of solid electrolytes. In phosphate glasses, the easiest way of introducing nitrogen is by the remelting of the parent glass under a flow of ammonia, a method that allows the homogeneous nitridation of the bulk glass and which is governed by diffusion through the liquid-gas reaction between NH3 and the PO4 chemical groupings. After nitridation, two new structural units appear, the PO3N and PO2N2 ones, where nitrogen atoms can be bonded to either two or three neighboring phosphorus, thus increasing the bonding density of the glass network and resulting in a quantitative improvement of their properties. This short review will gather all important aspects of the synthesis of oxynitride phosphate glasses with emphasis on the influence of chemical composition and structure.
Rare-earth doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics represent a new generation of tailorable optical materials with high potential for optical-related applications such as optical amplifiers, optical waveguides, and white LEDs. Their key features are related to the high transparency and remarkable luminescence properties, while keeping the thermal and chemical advantages of oxide glasses. Sol-gel chemistry offers a flexible synthesis approach with several advantages, such as lower processing temperature, the ability to control the purity and homogeneity of the final materials on a molecular level, and the large compositional flexibility. The review will be focused on optical properties of sol-gel derived nano-glass ceramics related to the RE-doped luminescent nanocrystals (fluorides, chlorides, oxychlorides, etc.) such as photoluminescence, up-conversion luminescence, thermoluminescence and how these properties are influenced by their specific processing, mostly focusing on the findings from our group and similar ones in the literature, along with a discussion of perspectives, potential challenges, and future development directions.