oxygen environment
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2022 ◽  
Vol 128 (2) ◽  
Yi Yan ◽  
Fengmin Zhong ◽  
Songyou Lian ◽  
Zumin Wang ◽  
Jiangyong Wang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2064 (1) ◽  
pp. 012050
A S Klimov ◽  
I Y Bakeev ◽  
A A Zenin

Abstract The article presents the results of electron beam sintering without applying pressure of Mn-Zn ferrites in an oxygen environment. Samples for sintering were made from fine powders and pressed at various pressures into compacts in the form of disks. Measurements of the elemental composition and structure of the sample after sintering are presented. It is shown that the result of sintering depends on the pressing pressure of compacts, time and temperature of sintering.

2021 ◽  
Vol 424 ◽  
pp. 127653
Jinchang Guo ◽  
Qi Zhang ◽  
Jianxiao Bian ◽  
Jianrui Zhang

2021 ◽  
pp. 46-50
Payam Vali ◽  
Robin H. Steinhorn ◽  
Satyan Lakshminrusimha

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Desmond E. P. Klenam ◽  
Michael O. Bodunrin ◽  
Stefania Akromah ◽  
Emmanuel Gikunoo ◽  
Anthony Andrews ◽  

Abstract An overview of the characterisation of rust by colour is presented. Each distinct rust colour is caused by atmospheric impurities, high or low moisture content and high or low oxygen environment over time. Yellow rust is mainly due to the high moisture environment over a period of time, which drips. Brown rust is dry, crusty and due to water and oxygen contact with localised patches on component surfaces. Black rust, the most stable form, occurs in low moisture and low oxygen environment. The rust residue shows where the reaction started, especially in contact with chlorides. The causative factors of red rust are atmospheric and similar to black rust in a chloride-containing environment. The effect of packaging, manufacturing and environmental factors on rust colour is briefly discussed. Visual characterization of rust could pre-empt root causes and analytical tools for validation. The limitations of these concepts are mentioned and directions for future research highlighted.

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