supported metal
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 314 ◽  
pp. 123099
Yuwanda Injongkol ◽  
Pongtanawat Khemthong ◽  
Nuttapon Yodsin ◽  
Yutthana Wongnongwa ◽  
Narongrit Sosa ◽  

Catalysts ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 68
Laura Antonella Aronica ◽  
Gianluigi Albano

Nitrogen-containing heterocycles are important scaffolds for a large number of compounds with biological, pharmaceutical, industrial and optoelectronic applications. A wide range of different methodologies for the preparation of N-heterocycles are based on metal-catalyzed cyclization of suitable substrates. Due to the growing interest in Green Chemistry criteria over the past two decades, the use of supported metal catalysts in the preparation of N-heterocycles has become a central topic in Organic Chemistry. Here we will give a critical overview of all the solid supported metal catalysts applied in the synthesis of N-heterocycles, following a systematic approach as a function of the type of support: (i) metal catalysts supported on inorganic matrices; (ii) metal catalysts supported on organic matrices; (iii) metal catalysts supported on hybrid inorganic-organic matrices. In particular, we will try to emphasize the effective heterogeneity and recyclability of the described metal catalysts, specifying which studies were carried out in order to evaluate these aspects.

Xiaolong Wang ◽  
Dong Fan ◽  
Guojun Lan ◽  
Zaizhe Cheng ◽  
Xiucheng Sun ◽  

It is critical to identify the reaction mechanism of carbon supported metal catalysts for the exploration of high-performance catalyst in acetylene hydrochlorination. Herein, we reported a systematically study on the...

Nanoscale ◽  
2022 ◽  
Xueyan Zhao ◽  
Kai Tao ◽  
Lei Han

Metal-organic framework (MOF), an interesting class of functional inorganic material, has recently emerged as a suitable electrode material or template/percursor of electrode material for supercapacitors (SCs). The key in utilizing...

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 141
Muhammad Safaat ◽  
Indri Badria Adilina ◽  
Silvester Tursiloadi

Catalytic hydroisomerization of n-paraffin aims to produce branched paraffin isomers and suppress cracking reactions in the production of the low cloud point of biodiesel. The development of the type of metal and catalyst support, amount of metal loading, and reaction conditions are important to increase the catalyst activity. A high performace catalyst for hydroisomerization bears bifunctional characteristics with a high level of hydrogenation active sites and low acidity, maximizing the progress of hydroisomerization compared to the competitive cracking reaction. In addition, a catalyst support with smaller pore size can hinder large molecular structure isoparaffins to react on the acid site in the pore thus providing good selectivity for converting n-paraffin. Catalysts loaded with noble metals (Pt or Pd) showed significantly higher selectivity for hydroisomerization than non-noble transition metals such as Ni, Co, Mo and W. The reaction temperature and contact time are also important parameters in hydroisomerization of long chain paraffin, because long contact times and high temperatures tend to produce undesired byproducts of cracking. This review reports several examples of supported metal catalyst used in the hydroisomerization of long chain hydrocarbon n-paraffins under optimized reaction conditions, providing the best isomerization selectivity results with the lowest amount of byproducts. The role of various metals and their supports will be explained mainly for bifunctional catalysts.

Frédéric A. Perras ◽  
Uddhav Kanbur ◽  
Alexander L. Paterson ◽  
Puranjan Chatterjee ◽  
Igor I. Slowing ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Liwen Xing ◽  
Yujuan Jin ◽  
Yunxuan Weng ◽  
Yongjun Ji

Numerous efforts have been devoted to investigating the catalytic events and disclosing the catalytic nature of the metal-carbon interaction interface. Nevertheless, the local deconstruction of catalytically active metal-carbon interface was still missing. Herein, the selected four types of landmark catalytic paradigms were highlighted, which was expected to clarify their essence and thus simplify the catalytic scenarios of the metal-carbon interface—carbon-supported metal nanoparticles, carbon-confined single-atom sites, chainmail catalysis, and the Mott-Schottky effect. The potential challenges and new opportunities were also proposed in the field. This perspective is believed to give an in-depth understanding of the catalytic nature of the metal-carbon interaction interface and in turn provide rational guidance to the delicate design of novel high-performance carbon-supported metal catalysts.

Daniel J. Hrtus ◽  
Fouzia Hasan Nowrin ◽  
Austin Lomas ◽  
Yanick Fotsa ◽  
Mahdi Malmali

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