graphene layers
Recently Published Documents





Plasmonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vasyl G. Kravets ◽  
Fan Wu ◽  
Tongcheng Yu ◽  
Alexander N. Grigorenko

AbstractMetal-dielectric-graphene hybrid heterostructures based on oxides Al2O3, HfO2, and ZrO2 as well as on complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor compatible dielectric Si3N4 covering plasmonic metals Cu and Ag have been fabricated and studied. We show that the characteristics of these heterostructures are important for surface plasmon resonance biosensing (such as minimum reflectivity, sharp phase changes, resonance full width at half minimum and resonance sensitivity to refractive index unit (RIU) changes) can be significantly improved by adding dielectric/graphene layers. We demonstrate maximum plasmon resonance spectral sensitivity of more than 30,000 nm/RIU for Cu/Al2O3 (ZrO2, Si3N4), Ag/Si3N4 bilayers and Cu/dielectric/graphene three-layers for near-infrared wavelengths. The sensitivities of the fabricated heterostructures were ~ 5–8 times higher than those of bare Cu or Ag thin films. We also found that the width of the plasmon resonance reflectivity curves can be reduced by adding dielectric/graphene layers. An unexpected blueshift of the plasmon resonance spectral position was observed after covering noble metals with high-index dielectric/graphene heterostructures. We suggest that the observed blueshift and a large enhancement of surface plasmon resonance sensitivity in metal-dielectric-graphene hybrid heterostructures are produced by stationary surface dipoles which generate a strong electric field concentrated at the very thin top dielectric/graphene layer.

Jesús Arturo Sánchez-Sánchez ◽  
Montserrat Navarro-Espino ◽  
Yonatan Betancur Ocampo ◽  
José Eduardo Barrios Vargas ◽  
Thomas Stegmann

Abstract A nanoelectronic device made of twisted bilayer graphene (TBLG) is proposed to steer the direction of the current flow. The ballistic electron current, injected at one edge of the bottom layer, can be guided predominantly to one of the lateral edges of the top layer. The current is steered to the opposite lateral edge, if either the twist angle is reversed or the electrons are injected in the valence band instead of the conduction band, making it possible to control the current flow by electric gates. When both graphene layers are aligned, the current passes straight through the system without changing its initial direction. The observed steering angle exceeds well the twist angle and emerges for a broad range of experimentally accessible parameters. It is explained by the twist angle and the trigonal shape of the energy bands beyond the van Hove singularity due to the Moiré interference pattern. As the shape of the energy bands depends on the valley degree of freedom, the steered current is valley polarized. Our findings show how to control and manipulate the current flow in TBLG. Technologically, they are of relevance for applications in twistronics and valleytronics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1049 ◽  
pp. 180-185
Viktor Mavrinskii ◽  
Evgeniy A. Belenkov

Calculations of the structural and energy parameters, band structure and density of electronic states of new structural varieties of graphyne have been performed by the density functional theory method. The initial structure of the nine polymorphs was theoretically constructed on the basis of the 5-7a graphene layer. As a result of the calculations, the structure of only five graphyne layers was found to be stable: α-L5-7a, β1-L5-7a, β2-L5-7a, β3-L5-7a and β4-L5-7a. The structure of layers γ1-L5-7a, γ2-L5-7a, and γ3-L5-7a is transformed into the structure of graphene layers by geometric optimization, and the graphyne layer γ4-L5-7a is transformed sp+sp2 layer L3-6-13. The sublimation energy of the stable graphyne polymorphs varies from 6.66 to 6.78 eV/atom. The density of electronic states at the Fermi energy level for all α-L5-7a and β-L5-7a layers of graphyne is different from zero, so the new graphyne polymorphs should have metallic properties.

Alexander Voznyakovskii ◽  
Aleksey Vozniakovskii ◽  
Sergey Kidalov

For the first time, few-layer graphene (FLG) nanosheets were synthesized by the method of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) from biopolymers (starch and lignin). We suggested that biopolymers (lignin, tree bark) and polysaccharides, in particular starch, could be an acceptable source of native cycles for the SHS process. The carbonization of biopolymers under the conditions of the SHS process was chosen as the basic method of synthesis. Chemical reactions, under the conditions of the SHS process, proceed according to a specific mechanism of nonsothermal branched-chain processes, which are characterized by the joint action of two fundamentally different process-accelerating factors - avalanche reproduction of active intermediate particles and self-heating. The method of obtaining FLG nanosheets included the thermal destruction of hydrocarbons in a mixture with an oxidizing agent. We used biopolymers as hydrocarbons and ammonium nitrate as an oxidizing agent. Thermal destruction was carried out in the mode of SHS, heating the mixture in a vessel at a speed of 20–30 oC/min to 150-200 oC and keeping at this temperature for 15–20 min with the discharge of excess gases into atmosphere. A combination of spectrometric research methods, supplemented by electron microscopy data, has shown that the particles of the carbonated product powder in their morphometric and physical parameters correspond to FLG nanosheets. An X-ray diffraction analysis of the indicated FLG nanosheets was carried out, which showed the absence of formations with a graphite crystal structure in the final material. The surface morphology was also studied and the features of the IR absorption of FLG nanosheets were analyzed. It is shown that the developed SHS method makes it possible to obtain FLG nanosheets with linear dimensions of tens of microns and a thickness of not more than 1-5 graphene layers (several graphene layers).

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 352
Abedin Nematpour ◽  
Maria Luisa Grilli ◽  
Laura Lancellotti ◽  
Nicola Lisi

Graphene is emerging as a promising material for the integration in the most common Si platform, capable to convey some of its unique properties to fabricate novel photonic and optoelectronic devices. For many real functions and devices however, graphene absorption is too low and must be enhanced. Among strategies, the use of an optical resonant cavity was recently proposed, and graphene absorption enhancement was demonstrated, both, by theoretical and experimental studies. This paper summarizes our recent progress in graphene absorption enhancement by means of Si/SiO2-based Fabry–Perot filters fabricated by radiofrequency sputtering. Simulations and experimental achievements carried out during more than two years of investigations are reported here, detailing the technical expedients that were necessary to increase the single layer CVD graphene absorption first to 39% and then up to 84%. Graphene absorption increased when an asymmetric Fabry–Perot filter was applied rather than a symmetric one, and a further absorption increase was obtained when graphene was embedded in a reflective rather than a transmissive Fabry–Perot filter. Moreover, the effect of the incident angle of the electromagnetic radiation and of the polarization of the light was investigated in the case of the optimized reflective Fabry–Perot filter. Experimental challenges and precautions to avoid evaporation or sputtering induced damage on the graphene layers are described as well, disclosing some experimental procedures that may help other researchers to embed graphene inside PVD grown materials with minimal alterations.

2022 ◽  
Yosra Saad ◽  
Mohamed Hichem Gazzah ◽  
Karine Mougin ◽  
Marwa Selmi ◽  
Hafedh Belmabrouk

Abstract The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has put the entire world at risk and caused an economic downturn in most countries. This work provided theoretical insight into a novel fiber optic based plasmonic biosensor that can be used for sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2. The aim was always to achieve reliable, sensitive and reproducible detection. The proposed configuration is based on Ag–Au alloy nanoparticles films covered with a layer of graphene which promotes the molecular adsorption and a thiol-tethered DNA layer as a ligand. Here the combination of two recent approaches in a single configuration is very promising and can only lead to considerable improvement. We have theoretically analyzed the sensor performance in terms of sensitivity and resolution. To highlight the importance of the new configuration, a comparison was made with two other sensors. One is based on gold nanoparticles incorporated into a host medium, the other is composed of a bimetallic Ag-Au layer in the massive state. The numerical results obtained has been validated and show that the proposed configuration offers better sensitivity (7100 nm\RIU) and good resolution (figure of merit; FOM=38.88Tand signal-to-noise ratio; SNR=0.388). In addition, a parametric study was performed such as the graphene layers number and the size of the nanoparticles.

2022 ◽  
Vol 307 ◽  
pp. 130949
Yue Yu ◽  
Yifang Zhao ◽  
Xiong Zhang ◽  
Lei Wang ◽  
Bing Liao ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 152506
Min Hee Jeong ◽  
Hokyun Rho ◽  
Mina Park ◽  
Dong Yeong Kim ◽  
Hyunjung Lee ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 013216
Masashi Watanabe ◽  
Takafumi Kanauchi ◽  
Yoshihiro Chida ◽  
Kenta Hayashi ◽  
Naoto Todoroki ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document