diagnosis and management
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V Bharath

AbstractMyasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune neuromuscular disorder. Though MG was diagnosed four centuries ago, its rational management started in 1930s. In the present era, MG is managed by multimodality care including pharmacological agents, plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulins, and surgical thymectomy. Thymectomy has evolved from open trans-sternal to video-assisted thoracoscopic and robotic thymectomy. In this article, the concise history of MG, its clinical features, diagnosis, and management are described.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 ◽  
pp. 2-6
Pelin Kuteyla Can ◽  
Daria Fomina ◽  
Emek Kocaturk

Chronic inducible urticaria (CIndU) is a subtype of chronic urticaria characterized by recurrent itchy wheals and/or angioedema for more than 6 weeks. CIndU has a longer disease duration than chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) and wheals are shorter lasting than CSU. CIndU incudes physical and non-physical urticaria. Triggers and diagnosis of subtypes of CIndU differ from each other. Patient education for avoiding triggers is an important aspect of the treatment of CIndU. There is no significant difference in the treatment approach for CIndU and CSU. In this article, we have discussed different types of CIndU, their clinical features, diagnosis, and management.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 ◽  
pp. 21-23
K. S. Lakshmi Srividya ◽  
Vidyasagar P

Angioedema is a transient, non-pitting oedema that involves subcutaneous or submucosal tissue. Angioedema in children can have varied aetiology and clinical manifestations, unlike that in adults. We report a case of angioedema of penis in a child resulting from insect bite and treated successfully with anti-histamine and leukotriene inhibitor. Penile angioedema should be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis of penile swelling, as early diagnosis and management may prevent fatal complications.

Guy Pratt ◽  
Dima El‐Sharkawi ◽  
Jaimal Kothari ◽  
Shirley D’Sa ◽  
Rebecca Auer ◽  

Cureus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Souhail Alouini ◽  
Antoine Valery ◽  
Bruno Lemaire ◽  
Marie-Liesse Evrard ◽  
Olivier Belin

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