Nasturtium Officinale
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Author(s):  
Asaad Mordi ◽  
Mohammad Teimorian ◽  
Behnam Shakiba ◽  
Emadoddin Moudi ◽  
Mahmoud Bahmani

Medicinal plants have long been considered for the treatment of many diseases among Iranians and in recent years the use of medicinal plants has increased. In traditional Iranian medicine, many plants have been described to eliminate kidney stones, dissolve kidney stones or prevent stone formation. Based on the results Medicinal plants Cichorium intybus L. Biarum straussii Engl., Tribulus terrestris L., Nasturtium officinale R. Br., Alhagi camelorum Fisch., Adiantum Capillus-Veneris L., Anchusa italic, Alhagi maurorum, Achila mellifolium, Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medicus., Adiantum capillus- Veneris L., Pistacia khinjuk, Acanthophyllum khuzistanicum Rech. F., Malva parviflora L., Allium iranicum (Wendelbo Wendelbo), Centaurea solstitialis L., Cerasus vulgaris Miller, and etc. are medicinal plants that are used in different parts of Iran used to treat kidney stones. It was found that plant families including Fabaceae (10 plants), Asteraceae(10 plants), Brassicaceae (6 plants) and Zygophyllaceae (6 plants) have the most medicinal plants in the discussion of medicinal plants affecting kidney stones and parts such as Leaf (27%), Fruit (15%), Aerial parts (15%) and Flower (14%) are the most plant organs that are used in this area for the treatment of kidney stones. The great tendency of people in the knowledge of ethno-botany and plant flora in traditional medicine is evident in the use of medicinal plants and the historical history of the use of medicinal plants. Iranian ethno-botanical knowledge can play a good role in presenting pure ideas of traditional medicine for modern medicine.


2021 ◽  
Vol 68 (6) ◽  
pp. 1173-1185
Author(s):  
A. M. Pavlova ◽  
N. A. Gaevskii ◽  
O. V. Anishchenko ◽  
N. A. Tikhomirova ◽  
A. A. Tikhomirov

2021 ◽  
Vol 45 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Timothy Omara

Abstract Background Blood cleansing, purification, detoxification or strengthening is an ancient folkloric East African practice without any validated scientific underpinnings. This study was undertaken to retrieve ethnobotanical information and reported bioactivities of plants claimed to be blood purifiers, cleansers, detoxifiers and tonics in Eastern Africa and correlate their claimed use with scientific studies to find out whether there is any justification for their use in this ancient practice. Method An elaborate review was performed in electronic databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Springer Link, Wiley Online Library, Taylor & Francis Online, SciFinder, Google Scholar, Web of Science) and the Google search engine to retrieve information on ethnomedicinal plants used in East Africa in blood purification, detoxification, cleansing or strengthening and their investigated bioactivities related to their use in this traditional practice. Results The search retrieved 74 plant species from 45 families distributed among 66 genera with some documented bioactivities, though, with little correlation with their traditional utilization in blood purification, cleansing, detoxification and strengthening. Some justification of the link between blood purification, cleansing, detoxification and strengthening and the use of the plants as antiplatelet aggregation, vasorelaxant, bronchodilatory, antihyperlipidaemic, cardioprotective, antiatherosclerotic and immunomodulatory agents were evident, but majorly antimicrobial activity has been investigated in most species. Thus, only 15 (20.2%) of the plant species (Allium sativum, Moringa oleifera, Olea capensis, Clausena anisata, Centella asiatica, Nasturtium officinale, Solanum nigrum, Withania somnifera, Rubus apetalus, Delonix elata, Persia americana, Aloe vera, Azadirachta indica, Echinacea angustifolia and Dioscorea bulbifera) could be directly correlated with studies pertaining to blood health. Conclusion Medicinal plants used in blood purification, cleansing, detoxification and strengthening in East Africa play a holistic role in rejuvenation of overall human health. Few studies have examined their bioactivities pertaining to blood health. Thus, bioactivities and pharmacological activities (such as blood thinning, hypolipemic, cardioprotective, immunomodulatory, tonic and renoprotective properties) and phytochemicals of the claimed plants warrant further research as these could lead to discovery of chemical scaffolds of lead compounds that can be used in modern blood purification.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (10) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sofyan Samad ◽  
Shubzan A. Mahmud ◽  
Helda Sabban ◽  
Sugeng Haryanto ◽  
Hayun Abdullah

Pandemi Covid-19 mengggu kgiatan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman selada di pekarangan rumah masarakat desa.Tempat Penelitian di Desa Nusajaya Halmahera Timur  Indonesia.  selama Januari – Mei 2021. Perlakuan tanpa pupuk orgnik cair limbah ikan  ((POCLI))  1 liter air/3 polybag (A1)., (POCLI)  5 cc/1 liter air/3 polybag (A2).,  (POCLI) 10 cc/1 liter air/3 polybag (A3)., (POCLI)  15 cc/1 liter air/3 polybag (A4)., (POCLI)  20 cc/1 liter air/3 polybag (A5)., (POCLI)  25 cc/1 liter air/3 polybag (A6) Masing- masing  polybag  diberikan 333 cc. Parameter agronomi meliputi: 1)  Tinggi selada (cm), 2) banyak daun selada, 3) Panjang (cm), 4) Bobot segar sampel (g) dengan  analisis ragam (Anova).  Kesempulan. Hasil analisis ragam menunjukan bahwa perlakuan POCLI 25 cc/L air/3 polybag (A6)  berpengaruh terhadap seluruh parameter pengamatan selada, umur 14 HST  tinggi 8 cm, umur 21 HST tertinggi 13 cm dan pada umur 28 HST tinggi  20 cm. Pada saat panen menhasilkan jumlah daun selada terbayak 10 helai, daun terpanjang 20 cm, dan bobot sampel terberat  135 g  bila dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya. Usur makro dan mikro didalam POCLI sehingga mendorong,  mempercepat pertambahan ukuran, panjang selada.


TAYACAJA ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 22-28
Author(s):  
Adiel Álvarez Ticllasuca ◽  
Marco Curasma Matamoros ◽  
Estefani Sandoval Condori ◽  
Fernando Toribio Román

In this research removal efficiency was evaluated of organic pollutants of a biofilm and phytoremediation integrated system for municipal wastewater treatment in Huancavelica. A pilot plant consisting of a settler was installed that also retained oils and fats, a biological filter using as support material the calcareous stuff and a phytoremediation process with Nasturtium officinale (watercress) The hydraulic retention time was 5.5 hours and the flowrate of 0.011 L s -1, the evaluation was made of the proper functioning of processes by monitoring control parameters. The pollutant removal efficiency was determined by Student's "t" test (p <0.05). An average pH value of 7.57 and a temperature of 12.07 ° C were obtained, subsequently the measurement of BOD5 was initiated, obtaining maximum effluent values of 131 ppm and minimum values of 45 ppm and a removal efficiency of 44.8% was obtained, for COD. In total coliforms, fecal coliforms and Escherichia coli the removal was 66.67%, 94.59%, 81.22% and 72.12% respectively, oil and fat analysis was also performed and total suspended solids, however high removal efficiency was not obtained. It is concluded that the parameters of BOD5 and COD comply with the MPL for the effluents of municipal domestic wastewater treatment plants, while the rest of the parameters analyzed do not comply with the regulations. however high removal efficiency was not obtained. It is concluded that the parameters of BOD5 and COD comply with the MPL for the effluents of municipal domestic wastewater treatment plants, while the rest of the parameters analyzed do not comply with the regulations. however high removal efficiency was not obtained. It is concluded that the parameters of BOD5 and COD comply with the MPL for the effluents of municipal domestic wastewater treatment plants, while the rest of the parameters analyzed do not comply with the regulations.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 298-304
Author(s):  
Pooja Rawal ◽  
Nitisha Negi ◽  
Archana N Sah ◽  
Anchala Guglani

Nasturtium officinale W. T Aiton or “watercress” (Brassicaceae) is a nutritionally valuable plant that is the richest source of carotenoids, polyphenols, iron, calcium, iodine, folic acid, essential vitamins and minerals. It is traditionally used for their appetiser, anti-scorbutic, stimulant, diuretic and detoxifying properties. The present study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant potential, phytochemical contents (total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents) as well as a preliminary phytochemical screening of different extract of aerial parts of Nasturtium officinale collected from the Kumaun region. The different extracts showed significant antioxidant activity as well as total phenolic, flavonoids and tannin contents. The preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of several phytochemical constituents such as carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, glycosides, alkaloids and others. The hydroalcoholic extract possess significantly (P<0.05) higher antioxidant potential with IC50 value (0.333 mg/ml, 0.509mg/ml)and EC50 value (3.537 mg/ml) by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH), 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid)(ABTS), and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods, respectively, as well as highest total tannin, flavonoid and phenolic contents among all the extracts. These results provide substantial evidence that the plant Nasturtium officinalehas antioxidant potential and valuable sources of phytochemicals.


Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (19) ◽  
pp. 5825
Author(s):  
Xiaoqing Ma ◽  
Qiang Ding ◽  
Xilin Hou ◽  
Xiong You

Flavonoids from plants play an important role in our diet. Watercress is a special plant that is rich in flavonoids. In this study, four important watercress varieties were compared with non-heading Chinese cabbage by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS). A total of 132 flavonoid metabolites (including 8 anthocyanins, 2 dihydroflavone, 3 dihydroflavonol, 1 flavanols, 22 flavones, 11 flavonoid carbonosides, 82 flavonols, and 3 isoflavones) were detected. Flavonoid metabolites varied widely in different samples. Both the non-heading Chinese cabbage and the variety of watercress from Guangdong, China, had their own unique metabolites. This work is helpful to better understand flavonoid metabolites between the non-heading Chinese cabbage and the other four watercress varieties, and to provide a reliable reference value for further research.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
pp. 283-292
Author(s):  
Gizem İlgün Boyalan ◽  
Hüseyin Erduğan

In this study, it was aimed to determine the morphological and physiological effects of agricultural activities and lead pollution on Nasturtium officinale and Mentha aquatica macrophytes living in Umurbey Stream (Çanakkale), and also the competition between plants in this region was investigated. Macrophytes were collected between May-June 2016 from the lower part of Gökköy Passage, which is covered with orchards on both sides of Çanakkale province, Umurbey district, Umurbey Stream. The macrophytes were left in the nutrient solution for 3 days for the adaptation process. In the first stage, the effect of lead contamination on the morphology and physiology of macrophyte species was investigated in a single culture at 1, 5 and 10 ppm Pb concentrations. Then, the competitiveness of two macrophyte species at an intermediate dose of 5 ppm Pb in a mixed culture was examined. In addition to the amount of, chlorophyll a and b, carotenoid, free proline, protein, total phenolic compound amount, adsorbed lead amount and total potassium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium amounts were examined. P, Fe, Mg, K, Pb and protein content reached the highest level at the dose of 5 ppm Pb where N. officinale was affected the most morphologically. At the same time, N officinale minimized the photosynthetic pigment and free proline levels at this dose. The dose at which M. aquatica was most affected morphologically was 10 ppm Pb dose. P, Fe, Mg and K contents of M. aquatica at that dose reached the highest value. This study proved that M. aquatica was morphologically and physiologically more resistant in two control groups where there was no lead stress and aquatic plants were grown together. Morphologically and physiologically, it has been shown that N. officinale was more combative when lead was applied as stress. With this study, it was determined that watercress is a good lead accumulator by adsorbing more than twice the lead amount absorbed by water mint.


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