Future Self
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Avni Shah ◽  
Hal Hershfield ◽  
David Munguia Gomez ◽  
Alissa Fishbane

Abstract One psychological barrier impeding saving behavior is the inability to fully empathize with one’s future self. Future self interventions have improved savings by helping people overcome this obstacle. Despite the promise of such interventions, previous research has focused predominantly on hypothetical contexts and western settings where the target sample has been predominantly undergraduate. Do interventions that encourage people to more concretely consider their future selves during retirement still have a positive effect on behavior in consequential, real-world savings decisions? Using a field experiment in Mexico (N = 7,603), where less than 1% make a voluntary savings contribution annually, we developed a low-cost, easy-to-implement intervention to test whether concrete thinking about one’s future life improves recurring retirement savings signups relative to a status quo, control group. We find that future self decision aids significantly improved the likelihood of signing up for an automatic recurring savings plan by nearly four times compared to the control.


2021 ◽  
pp. 319-340
Author(s):  
Mayumi Kashiwa

This study explores the process of how a learner recognises the value of a Self-Access Learning Center (SALC) and takes charge of her own learning through self-reflection of her language learning environments beyond the classroom as well as her ideal future self-image as a motivational factor. A university student who majors in English drew a mind map as a tool to reflect on her learning activities beyond the classroom before and after engaging in various reflective activities. Employing a qualitative narrative case study approach, multiple data sources, which included two mind maps, written descriptions of them, and a follow-up semi-structured interview, were analysed from an ecological perspective. The findings show that the learner’s self-reflection on her learning environments beyond the classroom, as well as her stronger image of ideal future-self, guided her to step forward to take action to engage with the SALC to create a meaningful space to achieve her goals. The learner’s self-reflection on her engagement with the environments, strategic advice from her friends, and a clearer image of her ideal future self are seen as key factors for the development of her learner agency. The benefits of teachers including self-reflection during class time on learning beyond the classroom as an aid to develop learner agency are also outlined.


2021 ◽  
pp. 0261927X2110685
Author(s):  
Jessica Gasiorek

This study examined how young adults’ perceived similarity to their future self at age 70 ( present-future self-continuity) and experiences of environmental “chatter” about aging predicted their views of older adults, and their anxiety and efficacy related to aging. Experiencing nonaccommodation from older adults predicted greater anxiety, lower efficacy, and more negative views of older adults; greater present-future self-continuity predicted higher efficacy about aging. Young adults’ present-future self-continuity also moderated the effects of accommodation from older adults on these outcomes.


2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
pp. 372-381
Author(s):  
Juraj Odorčák ◽  

The article presents a critique of the commonly held assumption about the practical advantage of endurantism over perdurantism regarding the problem of future-directed self-concern of a person. The future-directed self-concern of a person crucially depends on the possibility of the right differentiation of diverging futures of distinct persons, therefore any theory of persistence that does not entail a special nonbranching relation of a person to only their future self seems to be counterintuitive or unrealistic for practical purposes of personal persistence. I argue that this pragmatic rationale about future-directed self-concern is equally challenging for both theories of persistence. Moreover, I indicate, that both of these theories fall and stand on the practical feasibility of hidden ontological presuppositions about specific second-order notions of concerns of persons for their future.


Author(s):  
Daryna Gladun

The paper focuses on poetry-based video performances conducted by the participants of the “Creative Youths Seminar” (CYS), which was founded in 1995. Adaptability is one of the most essential features of all seminar clusters. It leads to constant transformations in a general program and within poetry performance laboratory (existing as a part of CYS since 2015) in particular, due to socio-cultural and political context. In 2020, because of the quarantine restrictions, CYS for the first time changed its regular face-to-face form to a remoteone and took place online. Live performance cluster transformed into a three-day marathon of video performances. During that time 24 participants made over 70 video performances that lasted for more than 100 minutes in total (there was a record number in every category of a CYS performance cluster). Nearly half of the performances were poetry-based. Almost a third part was based on the poems by Ukrainian Futurist writers Oleksa Vlyzko, Mykhail Semenko, Oleksa Slisarenko, Andrii Chuzhyi, Geo Shkurupii, and Yulian Shpol. The article analyzes five poetry-based video performances that refer to the poems by Geo Shkurupii as pretexts: “A Talk with a Future Self ” by Yaroslav Boruta, “I Want to Be a Furniture” by Vladyslava Demianchuk (Dadi), “Oh Little Boy” by Natalia Matsybok-Starodub, “Czech Scotch Tape” by Iryna Pavlenko (Ira Pamiatai), and “The Future of Cherry Orchards” by Viktoriia Feshchuk. The pretexts, poetry performance texts (if any), and their intermedial connections with video performances have been examined. The researcher concludes that poetry-based performances let the artists not only experience the text traditionally but also ‘live through the text’, or, in other words, create a personal physical experience of the pretext and offer the audience another perspective on the pretext with the help of non-literary media.


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 602-603
Author(s):  
Chunyan Mai ◽  
Hiu Ling Vivian Tsang ◽  
Helene Fung

Abstract Older adults are viewed as being vulnerable to COVID-19. Previous research revealed that individuals would internalize or dissociate with attitudes toward aging when they aged. In this study, data collected before the COVID-19 pandemic were compared with those collected during the pandemic to assess whether the pandemic might make older adults internalize or dissociate with attitudes toward aging to a greater extent.123 Hong Kong participants (50.4% females, M=60.59±13.28 years old) were recruited in a two-wave survey (wave 1 in 2018 and wave 2 in 2020) on attitudes toward aging and future self-views. After comparing the correlations between attitudes toward aging and future self-views in the two waves, we found stronger positive correlations between these 2 variables in wave 2 than in wave 1 in the personality and finance domains, but not in the family, independence, or health domains. These findings suggest that internalization of attitudes toward aging might be domain-specific. The pandemic might make older adults more likely to internalize positive personality attitudes toward aging and negative finance attitudes toward aging into their future self-views. Professionals may consider utilizing the internalization process to promote a positive attitude toward aging during the pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Michaël Doumen ◽  
Diederik De Cock ◽  
Sofia Pazmino ◽  
Delphine Bertrand ◽  
Johan Joly ◽  
...  

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.


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