supply systems
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Author(s):  
V. I. Biryulin ◽  
D. V. Kudelina ◽  
O. M. Larin

THE PURPOSE. To consider issues related to the study of methods for determining the sources of violations of the quality of electrical energy in power supply systems, in particular consumers which create rapid voltage changes or voltage fluctuations that create rapid changes in the luminous flux in electric lighting installations. Show that electrical receivers with a sharply variable operating mode are sources of fluctuations in the consumed current and voltage in the electrical network of power supply systems, which in turn manifests itself in the form of unacceptable values of one of the indicators of the quality of electricity - flicker, defined as the subjective perception of fluctuations in the luminous flux of lighting devices. To study the possibilities of determining the places of occurrence of significant voltage fluctuations without the use of expensive and complex instruments for measuring flicker values in the electrical network. To develop a simplified method for determining the locations of electricity consumers that negatively affect the operation of electric lighting systems and, ultimately, the vision of personnel. Conduct a check on a computer model of a simplified method for determining the places of occurrence of voltage fluctuations that are inadmissible in their magnitude, which are expressed in the appearance of significant doses of flicker that exceed the standard values.METHODS. Solving the problem, a computer model was used, created in the Simulink extension package of the Matlab scientific and technical calculation system.RESULTS. The article describes the relevance of the problem, discusses the quality of electricity in power supply systems. It has been shown using experimental data that in electrical networks there is an excess of the standard values of flicker doses. The possibility of using interharmonic components of the mains voltage to determine the sources of unacceptable doses of flicker is considered. A simplified method for finding flicker sources based on obtaining the values of the derivatives of currents at various points of the electrical network is presented. Computer simulation of an electrical network diagram with electrical receivers, which have both calm and sharply variable nature of work, has been performed. It is shown that the use of the values of the derivatives of the current at various points of the electrical network makes it possible to identify the sources of the occurrence of unacceptable doses of flicker.CONCLUSION. The occurrence of significant rapid voltage changes in the electrical network negatively affects vision, which is inevitably accompanied by increased personnel fatigue and can lead to industrial injuries. The results obtained by the authors of the article show that it is possible to use it to determine the places of occurrence of large voltage fluctuations, which are manifested in unacceptable doses of flicker of the derivatives of currents. It should be taken into account when conducting surveys of power supply systems in order to use fairly simple hardware to identify sources of disturbance in the quality of electrical energy.


Trudy NAMI ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 41-52
Author(s):  
A. V. Kozlov ◽  
V. A. Fedorov ◽  
K. V. Milov

Introduction (problem statement and relevance). The object of research in this work is an inline six-cylinder gas engine 6ChN13/15 with a Miller thermodynamic cycle. On the basis of its computer model studies minimization of the specific effective fuel consumption has been reached due to variation study of gas distribution and air supply systems parameters.The purpose of the study was to investigate the parameters regulation effect of gas distribution and air supply systems on the performance of a 6ChN13/15 gas engine with a Miller cycle on the external speed characteristic basing on numerical modeling.Methodology and research methods. The research was carried out by the method of computer simulation. Numerical modeling was made on the basis of data obtained during a full-scale experiment of a 6ChN13/15 gas engine with Miller thermodynamic cycle.Scientific novelty and results. A comparative analysis of a gas engine optimization results has been carried out. The results obtained will be used to create a gas engine and its further optimization by controlling the working process and the air supply system.Practical significance. The results obtained may be of interest to truck car manufacturers and engine specialists.


2022 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 100116
Author(s):  
B.K.A Bellanthudawa ◽  
N.M.S.K. Nawalage ◽  
S. Suvendran ◽  
A.T. Novak ◽  
H.M.A.K. Handapangoda ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 361-370
Author(s):  
Carl Wahl

Abstract Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a gateway technology intended to build both the productivity and resilience of smallholder farmers. Since 2010, the Ireland-based NGO Concern Worldwide has been promoting CA with extremely poor farmers in Malawi and Zambia. In the context of the specific regions within both countries, similar conditions of limited labour capacity, low financial capacity, poor soil health and constrained agriculture extension services were the primary barriers to the poorest farmers. Initial CA projects utilized broad, standardized approaches to CA with subsidized inputs that led to yield increases, but saw limited non-subsidized adoption. As a result, Concern has adapted its approaches to CA to better accommodate and embrace innovation by lead farmers, understanding different adoption strategies for follower farmers and working to improve input supply systems to meet farmers' needs. However, major constraints to adoption remain for the poorest and, going forward, CA projects will need to incorporate robust strategies for household financial stability such as the graduation model; fostering greater innovation by lead farmers within CA principles to meet local contexts; and integrating seed selection and saving for non-commercialized food crops to spur large-scale adoption of CA by the poorest farmers.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2150 (1) ◽  
pp. 012034
Author(s):  
P V Rotov ◽  
A A Sivukhin ◽  
M A Rotova ◽  
R A Gafurov ◽  
A V Gorshkov

Abstract The compliance of the actual heat consumption for heating cold water for public hot water supply service with the approved standard has been analyzed. Using passive engineering experiments, we studied the operating modes of hot water supply systems for several groups of houses, in which different methods for regulating water consumption in hot water supply systems were used. Data were collected using online energy monitoring and commercial metering system. Features of the static and dynamic load regulation of hot water systems have been investigated. The effect of methods for regulating the heat load of hot water supply systems on their actual heat consumption has been analyzed. An assessment has been made of the possibility of bringing the actual operating mode of the hot water systems to the specified value which is the basis for calculating the consumption rate. Ways to improve the efficiency of hot water supply systems have been determined. Conclusions have been drawn concerning the need to revise the standardized indicators of hot water quality and adjust the methodology for calculating the consumption rate in hot water supply systems.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2150 (1) ◽  
pp. 012033
Author(s):  
P V Rotov ◽  
R A Gafurov

Abstract The reliability and efficiency of the operation of district heating systems is largely determined by the efficiency of preparation of heating network water. In open heat supply systems, make-up water, among other things, compensates for the water intake in hot water supply systems. A number of technologies have been developed that increase the efficiency of an open heat supply system by reducing the water consumption in the supply pipeline of the heating network, increasing the operating time of the heat pump, and increasing the specific generation of electricity for heat consumption at the CHP plant due to additional cooling of the network water in the return pipe of the heating network.


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