Peptide Segments
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2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Olga Firstova ◽  
Vangelis Agouridas ◽  
Vincent Diemer ◽  
Oleg Melnyk

We provide in this protocol detailed procedures for the synthesis of SetCys cysteine surrogate and its use for chemical synthesis of proteins through the redox-controlled assembly of three peptide segments in one-pot.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Skander A. Abboud ◽  
El hadji Cisse ◽  
Michel Doudeau ◽  
Hélène Bénédetti ◽  
Vincent Aucagne

We herein describe a straightforward approach for the introduction of a solubilizing tag on N-terminal cysteinyl segments used in native chemical ligation-based protein chemical synthesis. Conveniently, the tag is removed during the ligation.


Pathogens ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 3
Author(s):  
Jia-Ling Yang ◽  
Chia-Yi Chang ◽  
Chih-Shuan Sheng ◽  
Chia-Chi Wang ◽  
Fun-In Wang

Bluetongue is an infectious viral hemorrhagic disease of domestic and wild ruminants that has a considerable economic impact on domestic ruminants. There are currently at least 29 serotypes of bluetongue virus (BTV) in the world. Noteworthily, the pathogenesis among BTV serotypes is different, even in the same animal species. In this study, BTV2/KM/2003 and BTV12/PT/2003 were used to investigate the differential immunological effects on bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The BTV viral load and the expression of cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) in PBMCs were measured by fluorescence-based real-time reverse-transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). The immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was applied to detect BTV signals in monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). The SWISS-MODEL and IL-4pred prediction tools were used to predict the interleukin 4 (IL-4)-inducing peptides in BTV-coat protein VP2. Synthetic peptides of VP2 were used to stimulate PBMCs for IL-4-inducing capability. This study demonstrated that the cytokine profiles of BTV-induced PBMCs were significantly different between BTV2/KM/2003 and BTV12/PT/2003. BTV2 preferentially activated the T helper 2 (Th2) pathway, represented by the early induction of IL-4, and likely fed back to inhibit the innate immunity. In contrast, BTV12 preferentially activated the innate immunity, represented by the induction of tumor necrosis factor -α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1 (IL-1), with only minimal subsequent IL-4. The BTV nonstructural protein 3 antibody (anti-BTV-NS3) fluorescent signals demonstrated that monocytes in PBMCs and MDMs were the preferred targets of BTV replication. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the capability to induce IL-4 was attributed to the tip region of the VP2 protein, wherein a higher number of predicted peptide segments on BTVs were positively correlated with the allergic reaction reported in cattle. Synthetic peptides of BTV2-VP2 induced significant IL-4 within 12–24 h post-infection (hpi) in PBMCs, whereas those of BTV12 did not, consistent with the bioinformatics prediction. Bovine PBMCs and synthetic peptides together seem to serve as a good model for pursuing the BTV-induced IL-4 activity that precedes the development of an allergic reaction, although further optimization of the protocol is warranted.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Skander Abboud ◽  
El hadji Cisse ◽  
Michel Doudeau ◽  
Hélène Bénédetti ◽  
Vincent AUCAGNE

One of the main limitations encountered during the chemical synthesis of proteins through native chemical ligation (NCL) is the limited solubility of some of the peptide segments. The most commonly used solution to overcome this problem is to derivatize the segment with a temporary solubilizing tag. Conveniently, the tag can be introduced on the thioester segment in such a way that it is removed concomitantly with the NCL reaction. We herein describe a generalization of this approach to N-terminal cysteinyl segment counterparts, using a straightforward synthetic approach that can be easily automated from commercially available building blocks, and applied it to a well-known problematic target, SUMO-2 (93 amino acids).


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Skander Abboud ◽  
El hadji Cisse ◽  
Michel Doudeau ◽  
Hélène Bénédetti ◽  
Vincent AUCAGNE

One of the main limitations encountered during the chemical synthesis of proteins through native chemical ligation (NCL) is the limited solubility of some of the peptide segments. The most commonly used solution to overcome this problem is to derivatize the segment with a temporary solubilizing tag. Conveniently, the tag can be introduced on the thioester segment in such a way that it is removed concomitantly with the NCL reaction. We herein describe a generalization of this approach to N-terminal cysteinyl segment counterparts, using a straightforward synthetic approach that can be easily automated from commercially available building blocks, and applied it to a well-known problematic target, SUMO-2 (93 amino acids).


2020 ◽  
Vol 85 (9) ◽  
pp. 6165-6171
Author(s):  
Zeynab Imani ◽  
Régis Guillot ◽  
Valérie Declerck ◽  
David J. Aitken

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 1045-1057 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ying Cai ◽  
Wei Ran ◽  
Yihui Zhai ◽  
Junyang Wang ◽  
Chao Zheng ◽  
...  

Supramolecular peptide assemblies can mimic natural viruses and serve as well-defined, dynamic and multifunctional nanoplatforms for cancer immunotherapy, where the peptide segments act as antigens, adjuvants and carriers.


2019 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marine Cargoet ◽  
Vincent Diemer ◽  
Laurent Raibaut ◽  
Elizabeth Lissy ◽  
Benoît Snella ◽  
...  

The bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido (SEA)-mediated ligation has been introduced in 2010 as a novel chemoselective peptide bond forming reaction. SEA ligation is a useful reaction for protein total synthesis that is complementary to the native chemical ligation (NCL). In particular, SEA ligation proceeds efficiently in a wide range of pH, from neutral pH to pH 3-4. Thus, the pH can be chosen to optimize the solubility of the peptide segments or final product. It can be also chosen to facilitate the formation of difficult junctions, since the rate of SEA ligation increases significantly by decreasing the pH from 7.2 to 4.0. Here we describe a protocol for SEA ligation at pH 5.5 in the presence of 4-mercaptophenylacetic acid (MPAA) or at pH 4.0 in the presence of a newly developed diselenol catalyst. The protocols describe the formation of a valyl-cysteinyl peptide bond between two model peptides.<br>


2019 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marine Cargoet ◽  
Vincent Diemer ◽  
Laurent Raibaut ◽  
Elizabeth Lissy ◽  
Benoît Snella ◽  
...  

The bis(2-sulfanylethyl)amido (SEA)-mediated ligation has been introduced in 2010 as a novel chemoselective peptide bond forming reaction. SEA ligation is a useful reaction for protein total synthesis that is complementary to the native chemical ligation (NCL). In particular, SEA ligation proceeds efficiently in a wide range of pH, from neutral pH to pH 3-4. Thus, the pH can be chosen to optimize the solubility of the peptide segments or final product. It can be also chosen to facilitate the formation of difficult junctions, since the rate of SEA ligation increases significantly by decreasing the pH from 7.2 to 4.0. Here we describe a protocol for SEA ligation at pH 5.5 in the presence of 4-mercaptophenylacetic acid (MPAA) or at pH 4.0 in the presence of a newly developed diselenol catalyst. The protocols describe the formation of a valyl-cysteinyl peptide bond between two model peptides.<br>


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