Traditional brain–machine interfaces decode cortical motor commands to control external devices. These commands are the product of higher-level cognitive processes, occurring across a network of brain areas, that integrate sensory information, plan upcoming motor actions, and monitor ongoing movements. We review cognitive signals recently discovered in the human posterior parietal cortex during neuroprosthetic clinical trials. These signals are consistent with small regions of cortex having a diverse role in cognitive aspects of movement control and body monitoring, including sensorimotor integration, planning, trajectory representation, somatosensation, action semantics, learning, and decision making. These variables are encoded within the same population of cells using structured representations that bind related sensory and motor variables, an architecture termed partially mixed selectivity. Diverse cognitive signals provide complementary information to traditional motor commands to enable more natural and intuitive control of external devices.
States increasingly are adopting computer science standards to help students develop coding and computational thinking skills. In an effort to support teachers in introducing computer science content to their students with high-incidence disabilities, a new model, computer science integration planning plus universal design for learning (CSIP+) offers ways to integrate computational thinking and coding into content area instruction. This column presents an example of how a teacher might implement the CSIP+ model when designing instruction accessible to all learners. Guiding questions to support teachers at each phase of the planning cycle are provided.
In recent years, energy conservation and environmental protection have attracted great attention by the state, and many efforts have been made from the policy and planning level. In view of the current distribution network planning requirements about energy-saving and environmental protection attributes such as loss reduction, carbon reduction, and environmental friendliness, this study proposes a set of energy-saving and environmental protection evaluation indicators for distribution network. Then, the CIM file library is constructed for typical equipment. Based on the CIM file, the digital planning technology for distribution network is designed. Besides, the feature library of energy conservation and environmental protection indicators, power flow calculation module, carbon flow calculation module, and renewable energy integration planning module are described.
This chapter explores the use of the Technology Integration Planning Cycle (TIPC) for supporting teachers' decision-making as they plan virtual instruction. The TIPC is designed to support teachers in evaluating the possible contributions of digital tools to instruction that facilitates meeting specific learning goals. The use of the TIPC to support pre-service teachers, in-service teachers, and in professional development settings is discussed. Then, examples of a teacher using the TIPC as she plans virtual reading and writing instruction illustrate the potential of the TIPC to support effective virtual instruction. Finally, issues of access, equity, and safety related to use the TIPC are discussed.
This paper discusses arguments on necessitating needs analysis with mixed methods in computer-assisted language learning (CALL). CALL researchers argue that a lack of technology integration planning hinders using technology effectively in schools. This would be because teachers may not be wellprepared regarding the use of technology leadership and integration, calling for needs analysis. The purpose of this paper is to examine the definition of needs, potentials and challenges of using mixed methods to develop needs analyses and concludes with the considerations of needs analysis with mixed methods in CALL research.
Since the government elevated the rural revitalization strategy to the national level in 2018, the rural revitalization work has been effectively promoted and developed across the country, but there is a “double-edge” rural type that deserves attention.They are on the edge of social attention and investment because they are not listed in the List of Traditional Villages or Beautiful Village, and they often have great potential for tourism development by virtue of geographical advantages, rich regional resources and unique cultural resources.This paper focuses on the tourism integration planning and development of this kind of “double-edge” villages. From the micro-scale of the village, combined with the rural revitalization, this paper takes the ancient village of Zhengjiawopo in Jinan as the specific foothold to carry out the planning pilot study. After nearly two years of theoretical research and practical exploration by a multidisciplinary planning team, with the beep nest village planning and development results of the initial slope.