breathing exercises
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 681-695
Valentyna Voloshyna ◽  
Inna Stepanenko ◽  
Anna Zinchenko ◽  
Nataliia Andriiashyna ◽  
Oksana Hohol

<p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of the study was to identify what neuropsychological effect online learning had on psychology students and how it could be moderated. The study was descriptive and combined qualitative and quantitative methods to address the research questions. The study relied on three phases such as baseline study, experiment, and reporting. The experiment utilised neuropsychology tests adopted from the NeurOn platform. It was found that the Psychology students’ perceptions of e-learning and their emotional reaction to them were found not to be appreciative. The practices in breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga were proved to be able to moderate the impact of online learning on the experimental group students’ attentional capacities, memory processes, and cognition abilities. The above findings were supported by the results obtained for the neuropsychology tests and the experimental group students’ self-reflections yielded from the use of the MovisensXS App. The students confirmed that breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga reduced study stress and burnout caused by e-learning and improved their academic performance. The focus group online discussion also showed that integration of breathing exercises, meditation, and yoga helped the experimental group students keep emotional balance, concentrate on their studies easier, remember more information, and meet deadlines in completing assignments. The education scientists are suggested to study how the e-learning curriculum could be reshaped so that it used relaxation practices on regular basis.</p>

2022 ◽  
Ramakrishnan Angarai ◽  
Kanishka Sharma ◽  
B. N. Gangadhar

The COVID-19 recovery rate of 97.3% and the death per million of 345 in India are better than the corresponding values in the USA and most of Europe despite better health infrastructure in these countries. The mean COVID fatality rate of Europe and a few countries in America is seven times that of India. This warrants a systematic study of the factors behind this conspicuous disparity. It is time to study lifestyle and other factors that may be related to recovery with minimal medical intervention or serious complications, leading to belated recovery and sometimes mortality. Obesity and excessive consumption of soft drinks, red meat and processed food may have a role to play in the European and American countries. On the other hand, the use of turmeric, black pepper, ginger in daily cooking, consumption of Indian gooseberry, Tulasi, different decoctions (Kashaya) and practice of various immune-boosting breathing exercises including yoga might have had a role in India. A detailed study involving a sizable number of cases of recovery and death in India, USA and some European countries will throw light on these factors behind the significant differences. The results shall provide crucial learning to the world for managing future waves and pandemics.

2022 ◽  

Abstract Background: Severe dyspnea and poor quality of life are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The most important reason for this situation is the wrong applications in inhaler treatment. In addition, inhaler treatments that supporting non-pharmacological methods increases the effectiveness of the drug. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of breathing exercises and inhaler training for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients on the severity of dyspnea and life quality.Methods: The research is a randomized controlled trial. A total of 67 with COPD who complied. The patients who were randomized in two groups that Intervention 1 group were given pursed lip breathing exercise and inhaler training and Intervention 2 group were given only inhaler training. A follow-up after 4 weeks was carried out in both groups. Patient outcomes in both groups were COPD assessment test (CAT), Modified medical research council (mMRC), and St. George's respiratory questionnaire scales (SGRQ). This study followed CONSORT checklist for randomized conrolled trials. In data analysis independent t, Mann-Whitney U, ANOVA, Wilcoxon analysis, and Pearson Chi-square tests were used.Results: Pursed lips exercise and inhaler drug use skills of patients in the both group increased (p<0.001). The median value of the CAT and mMRC scores are is statistically significant for both groups (p<0.005). The mean of life quality scores of patients in both groups decreased and this result was found statistically significant in all sub-dimensions and in the total scale score for two groups (p<0.001). Although the increase in the quality of life and the decrease in the severity of dyspnea of the patients in both groups were significant, the two groups were not superior to each other (p>0.05).Conclusions: As a result of the study, it was found that the skill of applying inhaler and life quality of the patients increased, the severity of dyspnea decreased. Supporting inhaler treatments with non-pharmacological methods can increase drug efficacy and quality of life. Trial Registration: Clinical Trial Registry registration number: NCT04739488. Registered on 21 Feb 2021.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 33-44
A. V. Frolov ◽  
Yu. I. Loktionova ◽  
E. V. Zharkikh ◽  
V. V. Sidorov ◽  
A. I. Krupatkin ◽  

Introduction. Yoga breathing exercises improve the ability to significantly reduce the respiratory rate. A decrease of the minute respiration volume results in compensatory reactions of the microcirculatory bed caused by changes in the gas composition. The reaction of the regulatory mechanisms of the microvascular bed can be evaluated by the optical non-invasive laser Doppler flowmetry method. The aim of the study was to assess the tissue microcirculation parameter changes in people performing yoga breathing exercises. Materials and methods. 25 volunteers performed yoga breathing exercises at a frequency of 3 times per minute, 2 times per minute, 1.5 times per minute, 1 time per minute for 5 minutes, and free breathing for 6 minutes before and after breathing exercises. Parameters aimed to defin the reaction of skin microcirculation in different body areas were simultaneously recorded in six sites by laser Doppler flowmetry using a distributed system of wearable analyzers. The parameters of tissue microcirculation recorded by the method of laser Doppler flowmetry were: the index of microcirculation (Im), nutritive blood flow (Imn), the amplitude of myogenic (Am), neurogenic (An), endothelial (Ae), respiratory (Ar) and cardiac (Ac) regulation circuits. Results. Yoga breathing exercises led to increase of microcirculation index at all breathing frequencies. Breathing at a frequency of 1.5 and 1/minute leads to a significant increase in nutritional blood flow. Low-frequency breathing exercises lead to an increase in blood pressure at the lowest breathing rates – 1.5/minute and 1/minute. The most significant changes were achieved at the lowest respiration rates (1 and 1.5/minute), that could be associated with hypoxic-hypercapnic mechanisms. Conclusion. The absence of significant changes in microcirculation parameters after low-frequency respiration during measurements in the supraorbital arteries in both groups characterizes the work of homeostatic mechanisms for maintaining brain perfusion in stressful situations for the body (low-frequency types of respiration, hypercapnia and hypoxia). When measured in the extremities, a change in the effect of the circulatory system regulatory mechanisms was observed; along with an increase in skin perfusion and the nutritional component, it can characterize the compensatory reaction of the microcirculation to respiration change.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Katelyn K. Jetelina ◽  
Rebecca Molsberry ◽  
Lauren Malthaner ◽  
Alaina Beauchamp ◽  
M. Brad Cannell ◽  

Abstract Background Law enforcement officers (LEOs) are exposed to chronic stress throughout the course of their shift, which increases the risk of adverse events. Although there have been studies targeting LEO safety through enhanced training or expanded equipment provisions, there has been little attempt to leverage personal technology in the field to provide real-time notification of LEO stress. This study tests the acceptability of implementing of a brief, smart watch intervention to alleviate stress among LEOs. Methods We assigned smart watches to 22 patrol LEOs across two police departments: one suburban department and one large, urban department. At baseline, we measured participants’ resting heart rates (RHR), activated their watches, and educated them on brief wellness interventions in the field. LEOs were instructed to wear the watch during the entirety of their shift for 30 calendar days. When LEO’s heart rate or stress continuum reached the predetermined threshold for more than 10 min, the watch notified LEOs, in real time, of two stress reduction interventions: [1] a 1-min, guided breathing exercise; and [2] A Calm app, which provided a mix of guided meditations and mindfulness exercises for LEOs needing a longer decompression period. After the study period, participants were invited for semi-structured interviews to elucidate intervention components. Qualitative data were analyzed using an immersion-crystallization approach. Results LEOs reported three particularly useful intervention components: 1) a vibration notification when hearts rates remained high, although receipt of a notification was highly variable; 2) visualization of their heart rate and stress continuum in real time; and, 3) breathing exercises. The most frequently reported type of call for service when the watch vibrated was when a weapon was involved or when a LEO was in pursuit of a murder suspect/hostage. LEOs also recollected that their watch vibrated while reading dispatch notes or while on their way to work. Conclusions A smart watch can deliver access to brief wellness interventions in the field in a manner that is both feasible and acceptable to LEOs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 52-56
Md Shahidur Rahman

The global outbreak of COVID 19 has created an unprecedented challenge to the society. America, Europe and India were catastrophic sufferers from this virus next to China. They had highest number of daily morbidity and mortality in the global context. Bangladesh is facing terrible experiences of dealing with this pandemic and making a tremendous turmoil in health and economic sector. Our healthcare system is overburdened with critically ill patients. Disability arising out of neurological, pulmonary, neuromuscular, and cognitive complications, need to be addressed by rehabilitation professionals. Many patients presenting with COVID-19 will have no specific airway clearance needs.There have been no reports of COVID-19 positive patients having high secretion loads that would require intensive chest physiotherapy or postural drainage. In Bangladesh in ICU settings physiatrist or physiotherapists are not directly involve in respiratory care management. In mild to moderate cases advice about a post-acute care breathing exercises, other musculoskeletal exercises, bed positioning and pressure sore care are helpful. In Bangladesh medical care facilities are not adequate in corona care hospitals especially in peripheral medical college or hospital. Many patients are dying of shortage in oxygen supplies and lack of availability of ICU. Post discharged plans of comprehensive rehabilitation are grossly neglected in discharged certificate. Our national guidelines on corona management do not have any instructions on rehabilitation management at any point. The objectives of this fast review article on corona pandemic are to highlight the global scenario and our limitations in the rehabilitation management of COVID 19 patients particularly post discharged patients and patients with long COVID complications. J Bangladesh Coll Phys Surg 2022; 40: 52-56

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 639-644
Yosi Suryarinilsih ◽  
Hendri Budi ◽  
Netti Netti ◽  
Wiwi Sartika

Post-stroke patients have risk factors for recurrent stroke. The main risk factor is hypertension. The purpose of this community service activity is to improve the ability of the community, especially post-stroke patients, to control hypertension as a risk factor for recurrent stroke through identification of risk factors, health education and the application of light activity and deep breathing exercises. Before education is given, post-stroke patients and their families are given prestest first and after education, posttest returns to evaluate the patient's understanding. The results of the activity, there was a significant difference between the knowledge before and after being given education to post-stroke patients and their families with p value <0.05. To the head of the room and the neuroscientific nurse, dr. M. Djamil Padang can continue the activity of identifying recurrent stroke risk factors and health education related to control of recurrent stroke risk factors in post-stroke patients by involving the Health Promotion (Promkes) department of Dr. M. Djamil Padang.

Reima Al-Jarf

This article proposes a model for teaching interpreting for tourism purposes. It shows the aims of the model, interpreting materials, training strategies, training environment and assessment techniques. The model aims to train students to interpret in English with or without prior preparation or knowledge of the topic and without taking or reading form notes. The training model consists of the following exercises: (i) breathing exercises; (ii) memory training exercises; (iii) shadowing exercises; (iv) sentence paraphrasing; (v) summarizing sentences, then whole paragraphs about tourism; (vi) listening to single words, sentences, and a short paragraph about tourism and interpreting them; (vii) listening to familiar and easy tourism topics, then more difficult ones with a variety of tourism sub-topics. In a multimedia language lab, the students may listen to tourism podcasts, watch tourism documentaries or TED Talks and interpret the content from English to Arabic and vice versa. Simulations (role playing) of tourists and interpreters in teams of three or more may be conducted. Students may also visit a local tourist attraction, interpret, or give a commentary on-site. The training program objectives, types of interpreting, interpreting exercises, training materials, teaching and learning strategies and assessment techniques are described in detail.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 145-150
SE. Aşkar ◽  
Ö. Ovayolu

Fatigue is one of the common symptoms that adversely affect the quality of life of patients with heart failure. It has been reported that fatigue seen in heart failure is caused by conditions such as deterioration of peripheral circulation due to decrease in oxygen delivery, autonomic nervous system abnormalities and deterioration in the strength of the respiratory muscles. Breathing exercises are one of the integrative applications that can increase oxygen delivery due to the functional connection of the heart and lungs providing relief from fatigue. In the literature, breathing exercises have a wide range of breathing techniques that create changes in breathing form and rate. Many studies have found that breathing exercises reduce fatigue, and can have significant effects on patient care and clinical outcomes. Nurses have a major impact on patient outcomes such as reducing fatigue in heart failure patients and improving health-related quality of life. For this reason, it is very important to include breathing exercises in nursing practices. In this regard, the importance of breathing exercises in the management of fatigue due to heart failure has been addressed in this review.

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