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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 363-373
Author(s):  
Thiago Inácio Teixeira do Carmo ◽  
Julia Beatrice Araujo ◽  
Izadora Czarnobai ◽  
Ana Gabrieli Sauer ◽  
Rafaela Schalanski ◽  
...  

Este artigo relata as ações extensionistas de produção e difusão de materiais educativos sobre o coronavírus desenvolvidas por estudantes de Enfermagem e Medicina durante a pandemia. As ações do projeto foram organizadas recorrendo às redes sociais Instagram e Facebook, com postagens semanais de boletins epidemiológicos e artigos científicos. Foram desenvolvidas cartilhas educativas sobre temas emergentes na pandemia, tais como aleitamento materno, cuidado a criança em idade escolar, população privada de liberdade e mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica. Os materiais também foram enviados por e-mail para estudantes, técnicos e docentes da Universidade. As métricas do Instagram mostram o alcance das ações em um número de seguidoras da população feminina, jovem e residente em Chapecó. A experiência relatada possibilitou aos estudantes a execução de atividades em consonância com as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais, desenvolvendo competências necessárias para atuação nas áreas da atenção, gestão e educação em saúde. Os acadêmicos puderam desenvolver habilidades comunicativas em saúde, apreender diferentes tecnologias digitais, melhorar o uso das línguas estrangeiras, conhecer o trabalho interprofissional, aprimorar a busca em base de dados internacionais e entender o raciocínio clínico epidemiológico. A efetivação das diretrizes nos currículos dos cursos da área da saúde é um desafio importante para a formação de profissionais voltados para a atuação e defesa do SUS. Portanto, é fundamental que a extensão seja desenvolvida dentro dos cursos da saúde, enquanto processo essencial para a formação e como produtora de cuidado nos locais onde está inserida. Palavras-chave: Educação em Saúde; Isolamento Social; Extensão Universitária; Redes Sociais Production and dissemination of educational materials during the COVID-19 pandemic: extension experiences in health education Abstract: This article reports the extension actions for the production and dissemination of educational materials on the coronavirus developed by Nursing and Medicine students during the pandemic. The project's actions were organized using Instagram and Facebook's social networks, with weekly posts of epidemiological bulletins and scientific articles. Educational booklets were developed on emerging themes in the pandemic, such as breastfeeding, care for school-age children, the population deprived of liberty, and women victims of domestic violence. The materials were also sent by email to students, technicians, and professors at the University. Instagram metrics show the reach of the actions in the number of followers of the female, young, and resident population in Chapecó (Santa Catarina State, Brazil). The experience reported enabled students to carry out activities in line with the National Curriculum Guidelines, developing the necessary skills to work in care, management, and health education. Students were able to develop communication skills in health, learn different digital technologies, improve the use of foreign languages, learn about interprofessional work, improve the search in international databases and understand the clinical and epidemiological reasoning. The guidelines implementation in the curricula of the health area is an important challenge for the training of professionals focused on the performance and defense of the SUS. Therefore, it is fundamental that extension is developed within health courses, as an essential process for training and as a producer of care in the places it is inserted. Keywords: Health Education; Social Isolation; University Extension; Social Media


Author(s):  
Kwabena Opuni-Frimpong

The Black Stool has been considered by Western missionaries and missionary established churches mainly as a sacred object and religious material for rituals without much attention to its educational significance. The Western missionaries introduced Christian education and schooling pattern of learning to the Akan societies. The introduction of Western and Christian education came with Bibles, Hymn Books, Liturgy books and other educational materials. Even though the Akan had their own forms of learning, the indigenous educational resources did not attract the consideration of the missionaries. The missionary legacy of not recognizing the indigenous educational materials such as the Black Stool has remained with Christian education in Akan churches and other educational patterns. The study is an examination of the educational dimensions of the Black Stool and its significance for moral and leadership formation. Using both primary and secondary sources to examine the role of the Black Stool in moral education and leadership formation, the study points out the fact that the Black Stool is capable of providing even education in Christian history and calls for the need for re-thinking Akan Christian history to reflect significant intellectual weight embedded in the Black Stool. The study has established that the Akan Black Stool that over the years has been considered mainly from its sacred and religious dimensions has educational dimensions that equally must attract intellectual attention. The study identifies the traditional pattern of learning as a discipline that must attract intellectual attention. Moreover, there is a need for a paradigm shift on the perception of the Black Stool. A paradigm shift on the perception of indigenous educational resources will position the Black Stool as a relevant educational resource for a traditional pattern of learning. The study calls for a need for re-thinking of Akan Christian history to retrieve Christian information and history that have been embedded in indigenous resources like the Black Stool. Keywords: Akan, Black Stool, Traditional Patterns of Learning, Christianity, Educational Resources.


e-mentor ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 91 (4) ◽  
pp. 51-60
Author(s):  
Kamila Kokot-Kanikuła ◽  
◽  
Anna Wałek

Open Educational Resources (OER) are training materials and tools that support both learning and teaching. This phenomenon is inextricably linked with a broader concept - open education, which calls for the removal of barriers to teaching so that learners can acquire knowledge following their educational and training needs. The aim of the article is to familiarize the readers with the idea of open educational resources, the legal and organizational foundations crucial for their creation and development, as well as the latest initiatives undertaken in the field of OER dissemination. In the first part of the article, the authors explain the concept and role of open educational resources in the teaching process. Then, they present selected initiatives implemented by members of European Network of Open Education Librarians (ENOEL) and the results of a survey conducted among European academic libraries by SPARC Europe. The analysis of publications, the content of legal documents, reports, and recommendations made it possible to precisely define the meaning of open educational resources for their users. The multifaceted nature and scale of the activities confirm that modern teaching can develop faster based on open educational materials.


Author(s):  
Iryna Skril

Methodological approaches to the formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future hotel and restaurant specialists are selected and revealed, and the principles of this process are substantiated. The essence and structure of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking of future specialists of hotel and restaurant business are formulated. The preconditions of vocabulary use, including terminological, are considered. It has been found, that the production of oral speech is impossible without the perception and understanding of oral speech by ear. The following approaches are described, which provide methodical and methodological substantiation of the process of formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future specialists of hotel and restaurant business, such as: communicative, interactive, student-centric, sociolinguistic. The peculiarities of formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future specialists of hotel and restaurant business on the basis of the communicative approach are outlined. The educational materials, used in the application of the communicative approach, are investigated. The interactive discourse, which is a type of communicative activity, is considered. The principles, on which this process is based, are analyzed: general methodological principles (situational; communicative activity; communicative value; immersion), specific principles speech clichés, parallel activation of visual and auditory channels of information perception). Recommendations for the optimal combination of classroom learning and extracurricular learning, including independent work with the help of network technologies using video, audio and text materials, are given. Learning outcomes are formulated on the basis of the student-centered approach, attention is focused on students' skills and competencies. On the basis of the sociolinguistic approach, the creation of educational situations for the purpose of reproduction of scenarios of professionally oriented communication of experts of hotel and restaurant business is provided. It is concluded, that the formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future hotel and restaurant professionals on the basis of communicative, interactive, student-centric, sociolinguistic approaches will ensure the effectiveness of this process


2021 ◽  
Vol 02 (09) ◽  
pp. 106-109
Author(s):  
Nigora Shuxratovna Ruzikulova ◽  

The article explores the pedagogical possibilities of developing students' skills in working with learning tasks on the basis of analytical-synthetic processing of educational information in the form of text, images, numbers, creating imitations, interpreting educational materials.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nurul Huda Razalli ◽  
Hamidah Alias ◽  
Mohd Hafizuddin Mohammad ◽  
Nur Ruzaireena Rahim ◽  
Nur Qharena Alwani Zulkipli

Abstract Background A good audio-visual educational material for caregivers on nutrition management of pediatric oncology patients can improve treatment effectiveness, recovery rate, and nutritional status of patients. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a series of video-based educational materials for nutritional management of pediatric oncology patients among healthcare professionals and caregivers.Methods The development of the video series began with subtopic selection and content refinement based on a printed booklet project previously published by the groups of five experts in dietetics and oncology medicine and five caregivers of pediatric cancer patients. 10 healthcare professionals (medical doctors and dietitians with over 5 years of working experience) and 15 caregivers then evaluated the video series for acceptability and relevance using the Malay version of the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tools for Audio-Visual materials (PEMAT-AV). Sets of understandability and actionability statements were given a score of 0 (disagree) or 1 (agree), and the overall percentage was calculated.ResultFour main topics were selected from the booklet and adopted into 5 video series ranging from 3 to 8 minutes in length developed in the Malay language entitled (i) Introduction to Cancer and the Treatment, (ii) The Side Effects of Cancer Treatment and Management (Part 1), (iii) The Side Effects of Cancer Treatment and Management (Part 2), (iv) Nutrition Management in Children with Cancer, and (v) You Ask, We Answer. The average understandability and actionability scores rated by the healthcare professionals were 98.6%% and 98.7%respectively. Whereas the caregivers’ average score for understandability was 99.5% and 99.6% for actionability.ConclusionsThe findings revealed that a high-quality video series was successfully developed and rated as highly understandable and actionable by both healthcare professionals and caregivers. This reflects positive acceptance and relevance of the nutritional management educational videos by both groups who manage and care for pediatric cancer patients. Trial RegistrationCentre for Research and Instrumentation Management, Research Ethics Committee of The National University of Malaysia; Ref. No. UKM/PPI/111/8/JEP-2021-266


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Celina Torres-Arcadia ◽  
Sergio Nava-Lara ◽  
César Rodríguez-Uribe ◽  
Leonardo David Glasserman-Morales

PurposeThe paper aims to present what is known from the school principals who participated in the International Successful School Principalship Project (ISSPP) in Mexico. The paper reviews 14 publications (5 articles, 5 conference papers and 4 books) on successful school principals in Mexico that were published between 2009 and 2021 as part of the ISSPP. The papers were analysed using a conceptual framework consisting of perceived qualities of the principal, school organisation, suitability of teachers and principals, educational materials and methods and educational infrastructure.Design/methodology/approachA scoping study review methodology was used to explore publications and conference proceedings on ISSPP research on Mexican principals and schools in order to answer the question: What do we know about successful school principals in the Mexican context? Conference papers, journal articles, book chapters and books formed the knowledge base for the review.FindingsAs a result of the analysis across the five analysis categories it was found that the principals emphasised improving the educational quality of their schools and understood this as the basic criterion to judge their leadership success. Principals were central to school success and a nested model was produced to show how the successful school is built from the core of the principal, as a socio-emotional skills role model, to a culture of continuous improvement. The model included principal socio-emotional skills, school organisation, continuous improvement of teaching and principal practices and having appropriate educational materials, methods and infrastructure.Originality/valueThe ISSPP has produced a large amount of research. The paper is the first review of the substantial contribution from ISSPP research in Mexico. The model produced from the review adds to the several models produced in the ISSPP.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 401-415
Author(s):  
Lalu Gede Muhammad Zainuddin Atsani ◽  
Ulyan Nasri

The purpose of this study is to critically analyze or re-measure Islamic religious education materials in countering accusations of radicalism to Muslims. The term radicalism has become a familiar term attached to a group in Islam. Indicators to call groups in Islam radicalism to include terrorism, anarchists, rebels, and extremists. The research method uses a descriptive type of research. The results of this study are one of the causes of the trapping of elements in radicalism, namely a partial understanding of religion and tends to the nature of fanaticism. This trait then results in a sense of superiority over followers of other religions. Failing to understand the concept of jihad in religion makes someone take a shortcut by spreading terror to innocent people. the logical consequence of this interpretation is the juxtaposition of terrorism as the fruit of radicalism. This hypothesis is reasonable, considering that various terrorist activities in various parts of the world always act in the name of jihad carried out by Muslims as a form of obedience to God. This has led to various upheavals which, without realizing it, will not only have implications for the decline in national stability. However, it even sparked a negative response from various parts of the world. Therefore, it is necessary to have an inclusive understanding of religion so that religious adherents realize that plurality is a necessity. Seeing these problems, there needs to be a strengthening and reaffirmation of the originality of Islamic teachings that contain humanist pluralistic and tolerant values. The conclusion is that a very strategic role, in this case, is that Islamic religious education materials must be able to reconstruct relevant materials to counteract accusations of radicalism. It is at this point that the focus of the study in this article is trying to critically analyze or re-measure Islamic religious education materials that tend to be humanist-pluralist and tolerant to ward off accusations of radicalism in Islam.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hetty Fransen-Jaïbi ◽  
Sarah Kantartzis ◽  
Nick Pollard ◽  
Inés Viana-Moldes

2021 ◽  
Vol 66 (Special Issue) ◽  
pp. 43-44
Author(s):  
Jenny Clark Schiff ◽  
◽  
Michael L. J. Greer ◽  
Ryan Felder ◽  
Julia Kolak ◽  
...  

"Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many courses that were once in person are now online. In our new “physically distanced” world, bioethics faculty has had to adapt quickly. To bridge the gap created by eliminating face-to-face interaction for two cohorts of international bioethics students, we combined them and created five four-week online bioethics mini-courses: “Justice and Pandemic Diseases,” “Reproduction,” “Pediatrics,” “Organ Transplantation,” and “Death and Dying.” Each mini-course involved required readings, weekly lectures, discussion board participation, and a final paper. Our study evaluates the comparative effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous lecture delivery on student learning as evidenced in online discussion board posts in the mini-courses. Students from both cohorts received the same educational materials but were divided into two groups for alternating synchronous and asynchronous Zoom lectures. We developed a standardized rubric, and raters have been using it to score each student’s initial posts. We hypothesized that, for the same discussion board question, students’ scores on posts following synchronous lectures will on average be higher than those following asynchronous lectures. We will finalize our data analysis at the conclusion of the final mini-course in late March and learn if the data support our hypothesis. There are many challenges in determining the comparative effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous teaching on overall student learning. Our study addresses a modest yet worthwhile question, whether and to what degree these different lecture modalities impact student learning evidenced in discussion board posts. Our findings will contribute to bioethics pedagogical research during these challenging times. "


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