thiobarbituric acid value
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 29-41
Sukriti Nehra ◽  
Sushila Singh ◽  
Seema Sangwan ◽  
Savita Rani

When lipids are exposed to heat, light and oxygen, it leads to oxidation. The addition of antioxidants is required to preserve colour, flavour and vitamin destruction. Present study was, therefore, planned to investigate pod coat of pigeon pea as possible sources of natural antioxidants and to assess their efficacy in stabilization of crude soybean oil during normal storage (28 days at 50°C). Study revealed that acetone pod coat extract of pigeon pea showed richness in total phenolics (17.72 mg/g), flavonoids (9.00 mg/g) and tannins (2.21 mg/g) while the extract of ethyl acetate was found enriched in tocopherols content (9.56 mg/g). The IC50 value of acetone extract was found to be lowest, exhibited potent antioxidant activity in the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric thiocyanate (FTC) methods. After adding synthetic and natural antioxidants in oil, Peroxide, p-Anisidine, Thiobarbituric acid value, Conjugated dienes, trienes and free fatty acids content were measured every 4 days. Acetone pod coat extract (2000ppm) of pigeon pea gave strong antioxidant efficacy in stabilization of crude soybean oil and hence could be recommended as natural antioxidants for food applications.The research explored the possibility of using pod coat of pigeon pea as imminent sources of green antioxidants and to evaluate their efficacy in stabilization of crude soybean oil.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (2) ◽  
pp. 227
Astari Ratnaduhita ◽  
Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa ◽  
Lilik Retna Kartikasari

<p class="MDPI17abstract"><strong>Objective: </strong>The objective of this research is to examine the antioxidant properties of gathot and its potential as edible film.</p><p class="MDPI17abstract"><strong>Methods: </strong>The materials used were dry <em>gathot</em>, carrageenan, and glycerol. The method was conducted experimentally, antioxidant activities test of <em>gathot</em> flour were analyzed descriptively. Physicochemical test of the chicken sausage was analyzed quantitatively by RAL with a 2x5 factorial pattern. The first factor was the types of edible film (0.00 and 0.75%), and the second factor was storage time (0; 2; 4; 6; 8 days) with seven repetitions each variables. The quantitative data were processed by Minitab 19.0.<strong></strong></p><p class="MDPI17abstract"><strong>Results: </strong>The results of the antioxidant test of <em>gathot</em> flour were antioxidant activities of 26.174 ppm; scavenging ability of 49.37%; phenol of 4,852.84µg/g; flavonoids of 4,520.30µg/g. The chicken sausage for eight days at room temperature has a decrease in pH value, a* and b*, and an increase in TBA (Thiobarbituric Acid) value and water content.<strong></strong></p><p class="MDPI17abstract"><strong>Conclusions: </strong>The antioxidant level of <em>gathot</em> flour is classified as a weak antioxidant, the results in the application of <em>gathot</em> flour edible film with a concentration of 0.75% were able to maintain the quality of chicken sausage until day six at room temperature storage (28 ºC).</p>

2021 ◽  
Vol 46 (2) ◽  
C.O. Ajenu ◽  
M.E. Ukhun ◽  
C. Imoisi ◽  
E.E. Imhontu ◽  
L.E. Irede ◽  

The physical value of oil depends upon its chemical composition, even today these values play a vital role while using different oil for industrial products and also, despite the vast nutritional and medicinal significance of egusi melon, there are little details on the shell life and stability of its oil over time. Therefore, the influence of time and temperature on melon seed oil was investigated at temperatures of 0oC and 30oC at different weeks to ascertain its physicochemical value and storage stability. For week zero, at 0oC and ambient temperature (30oC), the result revealed iodine value 124.09, Acid value 3.64 mgNaOH/g, Free Fatty Acid value 1.84 mgNaOH/g, Saponification 217.35 mgKOH/g, Peroxide value 1.25 mg/g oil, pH 5.89 and thiobarbituric acid value 0.1383 respectively. In the 5th week, at 30oC, the result revealed iodine value 91.1543, acid value 12.8921 mgNaOH/g, free fatty acid value 6.4988 mgNaOH/g, Saponification 346.42 mgKOH/g, Peroxide value 9.5mg/g oil, pH 3.2 and thiobarbituric acid value 0.413 respectively. Also at 0oC in the 5th week, the results were observed as follow: Iodine value 102.53, Acid value 7.96 mgNaOH/g, Free Fatty Acid value 4.01 mgNaOH/g, saponification 287.51 mgKOH/g, Peroxide value 6.1 mg/g oil, pH 5.05, and thiobarbituric acid value 0.2658 respectively. Refrigeration (0oC) of oil reduced the rate of most of the oxidative deterioration that produces rancidity. These values are within recommended range for edible oils. These results indicate that egusi melon oil could be a good source of table oil. The statistical results show that there was a significant difference between the melon seed oil stored at 0oC and 30oC (P < 0.001).

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 390-395
Nguyen Phuoc Minh

Vietnamese fermented pork roll (Nem Chua) is delicious by its distinctive and unforgettable sweet, crunchy and spicy feeling. It becomes a specialty of many regions in Vietnam. Recently consumers always pay much attention to hygiene. Spices and herbs can be considered as alternatives of artificial additives. This research evaluated the possibility of chilli powder incorporated to Vietnamese fermented pork roll (Nem Chua) during storage. Different percentages of chilli powder (0÷2.5 %) were added Nem Chua. In 12 hour-interval, samples were taken to examine Enterobacteriaceae load, pH, thiobarbituric acid value (TBA), total volatile bases nitrogen (TVB-N), overall acceptance (sensory score). During 60 hours of lactic fermentation, Enterobacteriaceae load decreased with the amount of chilli powder added. On the control sample, Enterobacteriaceae load increased during storage. Much more reduction of pH value was noticed when increasing chilli powder. There was a significant retardation of TBA and TVB-N accumulation by chilli powder addition. At 1.5% of chilli powder supplemented, the highest sensory score was noticed. Chilli powder would be a promising natural spice to control food hygiene and maintain physciochemical and sensory attributes of meat products.

2020 ◽  
Vol 3 (3) ◽  
pp. 01-04
Ogori A.F ◽  
Nina G.C ◽  
Ukeyima M

Studies on plantain chips fried with varietal stored tiger nut oil were studied. Three different tiger nut cultivars were sourced from Benue state and their oil extracted using hexane in an extractor. The stored oils were used to fry plantain chips after potatoes slicing and oil quality and stability analyzed. The moisture values of the chips from 0 week to week 12 for sample (A) ranged between 2.09-2.41 and 2.08-3.48 for samples (B) and (C) respectively .The thiobarbituric acid value from zero week - week12 for sample B O ranged between 0.19-0.21malon mg, sample BO ranged between 0.27-0.36 malon mg, while sample C ranged between 0.23-0.24malom mg. The appearance, aroma, taste, texture and overall acceptability of the chips ranged between 6.25-7.40, 6.20-6.55, 6.30-6.45, 6.20-6.55 and 6.15-6.55 respectively. Sample A and CKO (control) was most preferred in terms of appearance, aroma, taste, texture (crispness) and overall acceptability while sample A and C was least preferred. The sensory scores of the plantain chips fried with the oil were high for taste and aroma. During the storage, moisture values and thiobarbituric acid values of the chips were within the limits as recommended by CODEX Alimentarius.

2018 ◽  
Vol 120 (1) ◽  
pp. 224-239 ◽  
Hyeoung-Su Lee ◽  
Dong-Ho Bae

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine the influences of fat content and storage temperature on the quality of frozen pork patties during storage to evaluate the shelf life set by the manufacturer. Design/methodology/approach Changes in moisture content, acid value, peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid value, total volatile basic nitrogen content, and the sensory score of frozen pork patties with 10 and 15 percent fat contents during storage at −5, −15, and −23°C for six months. Findings Although microbiological quality remained unchanged, moisture content decreased, and lipid rancidity and protein putrefaction increased significantly during storage. More rapid deterioration in quality was observed in patties stored at −5°C than those stored at lower temperatures. Lipid rancidity and protein putrefaction increased more rapidly (but not significantly) in patties with 15 percent fat than those with 10 percent fat. Overall acceptance of the sensory properties was closely correlated with the above quality indicators, except thiobarbituric acid value. Acceptable qualities of the samples were maintained for the first two, four, and six months under storage at −5, −15, and −23°C, respectively. Practical implications The current shelf life of frozen pork patties set by manufacturers, assuming a storage temperature of −18°C, needs to be readjusted considering practical storage temperatures. Originality/value No studies have comprehensively explored the effects of fat content and storage temperatures on the quality of ground meat products during frozen storage. These approaches to determine quality changes may be useful for manufacturers to predict and control the quality of their products.

2016 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 209-216 ◽  
Shivani Bajaj ◽  
Asna Urooj ◽  
P Prabhasankar

In this study, Mint (Mentha Spicata L.) was used as a source of natural antioxidant in the preparation of biscuits with optimized levels of different forms of mint (powder, extract and pure menthol). The biscuits were stored for five months packed in unit pouches of metalized polyester/poly laminated pouch at room temperature and tested periodically for sensory parameters. The stability of biscuit lipids were studied by determining free fatty acid, peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid value and total antioxidant capacity. In sensory evaluation, pure menthol (MNT-M) scored higher (p< 0.05) panel score than mint powder (MNT-P) and mint extract (MNT-E) biscuits. The antioxidative activity of mint biscuits was compared with that of biscuit incorporated with Butylated hydroxyl anisole (BHA) initially as well as at the end of five months. The results indicated that mint powder had shown good antioxidant property as natural antioxidant along with other chemical parameters in biscuits, which were quite comparable with BHA biscuits.

2016 ◽  
J. Beare-Rogers ◽  
A. Dieffenbacher ◽  
J. V. Holm

2014 ◽  
Vol 1033-1034 ◽  
pp. 673-676
Li Zhao ◽  
Jun Chen ◽  
Xi Rong Zhao ◽  
Zong Yao Wang

Changes in physical, chemical, microbiological and sensory qualities of cooked crayfish (Procambarus clarkia) meat, treated at different freezing rate (-30°C,CPF; -60°C,ULTF; -196°C,LNM), were investigated during storage at -20°C for up to 6 months. pH value increased in all treatments with the sharp reduction after 3 months. Increase in weight loss of LNM was slower than that of CPF and ULTF cooked crayfish. During frozen storage, thiobarbituric acid value (TBA value) fluctuated in all treatments, but lipid oxidation did not affect the quality of crayfish meat because of its lower fat contents. Total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) increased with storage time, with the reduction of TVC and sensory score. Freezing rates could not cause significant changes in chemical qualities (pH value, total volatile basic nitrogen, thiobarbituric acid value), sensory quality and microbiological quality for all three treatments during storage. In spite of decrease of quality of cooked crayfish meat in all treatments, good edibility was kept throughout the storage.

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