cold atmospheric pressure plasma
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 644
Author(s):  
Andrei Vasile Nastuta ◽  
Torsten Gerling

Application desired functionality as well as operation expenses of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) devices scale with properties like gas selection. The present contribution provides a comparative investigation for a CAP system operated in argon or helium at different operation voltages and distance to the surface. Comparison of power dissipation, electrical field strength and optical emission spectroscopy from vacuum ultraviolet over visible up to near infrared ((V)UV-VIS-NIR) spectral range is carried out. This study is extended to safety relevant investigation of patient leakage current, induced surface temperature and species density for ozone (O3) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). It is found that in identical operation conditions (applied voltage, distance to surface and gas flow rate) the dissipated plasma power is about equal (up to 10 W), but the electrical field strength differs, having peak values of 320 kV/m for Ar and up to 300 kV/m for He. However, only for Ar CAP could we measure O3 up to 2 ppm and NOx up to 7 ppm. The surface temperature and leakage values of both systems showed different slopes, with the biggest surprise being a constant leakage current over distance for argon. These findings may open a new direction in the plasma source development for Plasma Medicine.


Author(s):  
Julia Kamionka ◽  
Rutger Matthes ◽  
Birte Holtfreter ◽  
Christiane Pink ◽  
Rabea Schlüter ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives Biofilm removal is the decisive factor for the control of peri-implantitis. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) can become an effective aid due to its ability to destroy and to inactivate bacterial biofilm residues. This study evaluated the cleaning efficiency of CAP, and air-polishing with glycine (APG) or erythritol (APE) containing powders alone or in combination with CAP (APG + CAP, APE + CAP) on sandblasted/acid etched, and anodised titanium implant surface. Materials and methods On respective titanium discs, a 7-day ex vivo human biofilm was grown. Afterwards, the samples were treated with CAP, APG, APE, APG + CAP, and APE + CAP. Sterile and untreated biofilm discs were used for verification. Directly after treatment and after 5 days of incubation in medium at 37 °C, samples were prepared for examination by fluorescence microscopy. The relative biofilm fluorescence was measured for quantitative analyses. Results Air-polishing with or without CAP removed biofilms effectively. The combination of air-polishing with CAP showed the best cleaning results compared to single treatments, even on day 5. Immediately after treatment, APE + CAP showed insignificant higher cleansing efficiency than APG + CAP. Conclusions CAP supports mechanical cleansing and disinfection to remove and inactivate microbial biofilm on implant surfaces significantly. Here, the type of the powder was not important. The highest cleansing results were obtained on sandblasted/etched surfaces. Clinical relevance. Microbial residuals impede wound healing and re-osseointegration after peri-implantitis treatment. Air-polishing treatment removes biofilms very effectively, but not completely. In combination with CAP, microbial free surfaces can be achieved. The tested treatment regime offers an advantage during treatment of peri-implantitis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 11864
Author(s):  
Adam Bennett ◽  
Takuya Urayama ◽  
Konstantinos Papangelis ◽  
Peter Yuen ◽  
Nan Yu

The safety and effectiveness of plasma devices are of crucial importance for medical applications. This study presents the novel design of an atmospheric plasma torch (SteriPlas) and its characterisation. The SteriPlas was characterised to ascertain whether it is safe for application on human skin. The emission spectrum discharged from the SteriPlas was shown to be the same as the emission from the MicroPlaSter Beta. The UV emitted from the SteriPlas was measured, and the effective irradiance was calculated. The effective irradiance enabled the determination of the maximum UV exposure limits, which were shown to be over two hours: significantly longer than the current two-minute treatment time. The use of an extraction system with a higher flow rate appears to reduce slightly the effective irradiance at the treatment area. The NOx and ozone emissions were recorded for both SteriPlas configurations. The NOx levels were shown to be orders of magnitude lower than their safety limits. The ozone emissions were shown to be safe 25 mm from the SteriPlas cage. A discussion of how safety standards differ from one regulatory body to another is given.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Rakesh Ruchel Khanikar ◽  
Monalisa Kalita ◽  
Parismita Kalita ◽  
Bhaswati Kashyap ◽  
Santanu Das ◽  
...  

Abstract Cold atmospheric pressure (CAP) plasma has a profound effect on protein-protein interactions. In this work, we have highlighted the deactivation of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Spike protein by CAP plasma treatment. Complete deactivation of spike protein binding to the human ACE2 protein was observed within exposure time of 5 minutes and which is correlated to the higher concentration of hydrogen peroxide formation due to the interaction with the reactive oxygen species present in the plasma. On the other hand, it is established that CAP plasma is also capable of degrading RNA of SARS-CoV-2 virus which is also linked to hydrogen peroxide concentration. Results of this work could be useful in designing plasma-based disinfection systems over those based on environmentally hazardous chemicals-based disinfections.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Le Thi Quynh Xuan ◽  
Linh Nhat Nguyen ◽  
Nguyen Thuan Dao

Abstract Recently, cold atmospheric-pressure plasma has been studied extensively as an efficient and green method to synthesize gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Although the characteristics of the AuNPs, especially their homogeneousness, depend very much on the plasma synthesis parameters, there is a lack of a study involving these parameters systematically. Moreover, most of AuNPs-cold-plasma synthesis reports so far either required organic capping agents or resulted in highly non-uniform AuNPs. In this work, we systematically study the effect of most important synthesis parameters– including distance from the plasma jet to the solution, gas flow rate, plasma rate, volume and concentration of the precursor, plasma interaction time as well as the effect of the synthesis environment (humidity and temperature) – on the uniformity of the AuNPs. Through various characterization measurements, we show that homogeneous and highly stable intrinsic AuNPs with an average size of 45 nm can be obtained with optimized synthesis parameters and in the absence of a stabilizer. The synthesized AuNPs yield advanced optical sensing properties in comparison with commercial AuNPs and can be further applied in developing versatile and high-sensitivity biosensors.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
K. Evert ◽  
T. Kocher ◽  
A. Schindler ◽  
M. Müller ◽  
K. Müller ◽  
...  

AbstractPeri-implantitis may result in the loss of dental implants. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) was suggested to promote re-osseointegration, decrease antimicrobial burden, and support wound healing. However, the long-term risk assessment of CAP treatment in the oral cavity has not been addressed. Treatment with two different CAP devices was compared against UV radiation, carcinogen administration, and untreated conditions over 12 months. Histological analysis of 406 animals revealed that repeated CAP exposure did not foster non-invasive lesions or squamous cell carcinoma (SCCs). Carcinogen administration promoted non-invasive lesions and SCCs. Molecular analysis by a qPCR screening of 144 transcripts revealed distinct inflammatory profiles associated with each treatment regimen. Interestingly, CAP treatment of carcinogen-challenged mucosa did not promote but instead left unchanged or reduced the proportion of non-invasive lesions and SCC formation. In conclusion, repeated CAP exposure of murine oral mucosa was well tolerated, and carcinogenic effects did not occur, motivating CAP applications in patients for dental and implant treatments in the future.


Processes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (10) ◽  
pp. 1837
Author(s):  
Jie Yu ◽  
Li Wu ◽  
Kama Huang

In this article, the effects of microwave frequency (2450 MHz and 5800 MHz) and gas humidity (1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 6% and 8%) on in vitro blood coagulation with cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) were investigated. The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS, OH, O) was measured by optical emission spectra. The exposure temperature on blood droplets under treatment was below 55 °C in all cases, to avoid the thermal effect of plasma on the blood clotting. Investigations showed that, with the increase of frequency, the doses of ROS increased, the blood sample presented a more serious collapse and its surface became drier. The humidity of ionized gas can also accelerate the generation of ROS and the process of blood clotting. Our results propose a method to accelerate in vitro blood coagulation in CAPP by adjusting microwave frequency and gas humidity, and suggest a clinical benefit for plasma treatment as a coagulation device in surgery.


Micromachines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (9) ◽  
pp. 1103
Author(s):  
Geunyoung Nam ◽  
Muhwan Kim ◽  
Yeonsook Jang ◽  
Sungbo Cho

Microbial infections should be controlled and prevented for successful wound healing and tissue regeneration. Various disinfection methods exist that use antibiotics, ultraviolet (UV), heat, radiation, or chemical disinfectants; however, cold atmospheric pressure plasma has exhibited a unique and effective antibacterial ability that is not affected by antibiotic resistance or pain. This study develops a cold atmospheric pressure microplasma pipette (CAPMP) that outputs an Ar plasma plume through a tube with an inner radius of 180 μm for disinfection in a small area. The CAPMP was evaluated using Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus diluted in liquid media, spread on solid agar, or covered by dressing gauze. An increase in the treatment time of CAPMP resulted in a decrease in the number of colonies of the grown microorganism (colony forming unit) and an increase in the disinfected area for both bacteria. The disinfection ability of CAPMP was observed when the bacteria were covered with dressing gauze and was dependent on the number of gauze layers.


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