femtosecond laser processing
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2021 ◽  
pp. 151576
Author(s):  
Yaoyao Liu ◽  
Yuxuan Wang ◽  
Ming Yang ◽  
Qiang Wu ◽  
Zhixuan Li ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hongbing Yuan ◽  
Zhihao Chen ◽  
Peichao Wu ◽  
Ling Zhao ◽  
Mina Zhang ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yoshiyuki Miyamoto

AbstractLaser ablation is often simulated by the two-temperature model in which electrons are assumed to be thermalized by laser irradiation, while an explicit representation of interaction between laser-field and electrons is challenging but beneficial as being free from any adjustable parameters. Here, an ab initio method based on the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) in which electron-ion dynamics under a laser field are numerically simulated is examined as a tool for simulating femtosecond laser processing of metals. Laser-induced volume expansion in surface normal directions of Cu(111) and Ni(111) surfaces are simulated by using repeating slab models. The amount of simulated volume expansion is compared between Cu(111) and Ni(111) slabs for the same laser pulse conditions, and the Ni slab is found to expand more than the Cu slab despite the smaller thermal expansion coefficient of Ni compared with Cu. The analyzed electronic excitation and lattice motion were compared to those in the two-temperature model. The threshold fluence to release surface Cu atom deduced from current TDDFT approach is found to be comparable to those of Cu ablation reported experimentally.


Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (5) ◽  
pp. 1342
Author(s):  
Martina Muck ◽  
Benedikt Wolfsjäger ◽  
Karoline Seibert ◽  
Christian Maier ◽  
Shaukat Ali Lone ◽  
...  

Microstructures and nanostructures can be used to reduce the adhesion of the cells on the auxiliary material. Therefore, the aim of our work was to fabricate laser-induced hierarchical microstructures and nanostructures by femtosecond laser-treatment (wavelength 1040 nm, pulse length 350 fs, repetition rates in the kHz range) to reduce the cell adhesion. Additionally, surface chemistry modification by optimized electrochemical anodization was used to further reduce the cell adhesion. For testing, flat plates and bone screws made of Ti-6Al-4V were used. Bone-forming cells (human osteoblasts from the cell line SAOS-2) were grown on the bone implants and additional test samples for two to three weeks. After the growth period, the cells were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). While earlier experiments with fibroblasts had shown that femtosecond laser-processing followed by electrochemical anodization had a significant impact on cell adhesion reduction, for osteoblasts the same conditions resulted in an activation of the cells with increased production of extracellular matrix material. Significant reduction of cell adhesion for osteoblasts was only obtained at pre-anodized surfaces. It could be demonstrated that this functionalization by means of femtosecond laser-processing can result in bone screws that hinder the adhesion of osteoblasts.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yoshiyuki Miyamoto

Abstract Laser ablation is often simulated by the two-temperature model in which electrons are assumed to be thermirized by laser irradiation, while an explicit representation of interaction between laser-field and electrons is challenging but beneficial as being free from any adjustable parameters. Here, an ab initio method based on the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) in which electron-ion dynamics under a laser field are numerically simulated is examined as a tool for simulating femtosecond laser processing of metals. Laser-induced volume expansion and ablation of Cu(111) and Ni(111) surfaces are simulated by using repeating slab models. The amount of simulated volume expansion is compared between Cu(111) and Ni(111) slabs for the same laser pulse conditions, and the Ni slab is found to expand more than the Cu slab despite the smaller thermal expansion coefficient of Ni compared with Cu. The analyzed electronic excitation and lattice motion were compared to those in the two-temperature model. The threshold fluence of Cu ablation deduced from current TDDFT approach is found to be comparable to those reported experimentally.


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