oily water
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ACS Omega ◽  
2022 ◽  
Mozhgan Shahmirzaee ◽  
Abdolhossein Hemmati-Sarapardeh ◽  
Maen M. Husein ◽  
Mahin Schaffie ◽  
Mohammad Ranjbar

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (16) ◽  
pp. e121101623331
Kepler Borges França ◽  
Adriana Barbosa da Costa Pereira ◽  
Cristiane Rodrigues Macêdo ◽  
Carolina Pereira Dantas ◽  
Karine Oliveira da Costa

The management of produced water is a huge challenge for oil companies, as environmental agencies use increasingly strict laws and require a primary treatment for the disposal of waste. The conventional methods used in the treatment of oily water, cannot satisfactorily remove the environmental laws. A system is presented, with a hydrocyclone built within LABDES/UFCG, tested and characterized with oily waters with different levels of oil concentrations, in order to study its efficiency. It was observed that for different oil concentrations in the hydrocyclone feed stream of (100 to 2000) mg L-1, total oil and grease, reached an efficiency above 85%. The set of ceramic membranes, MR01-10 and MR02-20, with porosities of 43% and 52%, were used in the assembly of two types of systems, SMC-DE and SMC-FC. SMC-FC showed a removal rate above 80% for an average production of 165 L h-1 m-2. However, SMC-DE proved to be more efficient in relation to TOG, above 98%, but less efficient in relation to the permeate production flow, 63.3 L h-1.m-2. The hydrocyclone system with cross-flow ceramic membrane (SH-MC/FC) was chosen to study the reduction of oil in oily water, for a concentration range of (200 to 2000) mg L-1, which presented a removal rate above 95%.

2021 ◽  
Vol 128 (1) ◽  
S. Sivakumar ◽  
L. Kumaresan ◽  
D. Maria Sherin Bertilla ◽  
M. H. Vijay Dhanabal ◽  
G. Shanmugavelayutham ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2129 (1) ◽  
pp. 012068
Jillin Soo Ai Lam ◽  
Noor Fazliani Shoparwe ◽  
Nurulbahiyah Ahmad Khairudin ◽  
Lian See Tan ◽  
Kee Quen Lee

Abstract Electrocoagulation (EC) is a reliable technology for wastewater treatment. It has been applied in treating various source of wastewater from tannery, electroplating, dairy, textile processing, oil and oil-in-emulsion. It is crucial to strengthen the fundamental of the EC treatment on oily water sample for further studies. However, in depth studies on the performance of EC treatment on oily water sample is still requires in depth studies. In this research, a series of experiment has been conducted on the performance of EC treatment including effect of the amount of sodium chloride (NaCl), applied voltage and pH to determine the efficiency in oil removal. The EC treatment took placed in room temperature and constantly agitated for 30 minutes meanwhile samples were collected for every 5 minutes for UV–Vis analysis. Then, the efficiency of the treatment was determined followed by simulating the results in kinetic models. The highest efficiency of EC treatment was achieved with 89.26% of oil removal with the addition of 7.5g of NaCl, 4V of applied voltage and at pH 6. In addition, the results have better fitness towards pseudo second order (PSO) which indicates the mechanism of EC treatment is chemisorption.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2131 (5) ◽  
pp. 052054
D S Mizgirev ◽  
D V Vlasov ◽  
V N Vlasov

Abstract The problem of mathematical description of non-steady processes in hydrodynamic systems is currently relevant and requires early resolution. The description of cavitation as a non-steady process is one of the most important issues of hydrodynamics. In this paper, as a result of the analysis and generalization of a priori information, plus transformation of the basic equations describing cavitation processes, a number of expressions are obtained that reflect the behavior of the incompressible fluid main flow in a jet apparatus, taking into account the conduct of hydrodynamic cavitation in it. To create a cavitation process mathematical description, it is proposed to apply an empirical formula for determining the ejected flow pressure. The newly developed mathematical dependencies can be used in the design of jet devices (ejectors, cavitators, ejectors-cavitators) for various purposes in both marine and stationary coastal technological systems for processing fluid media. In particular, it is advisable to use them in the preparation and conditioning of drinking and industrial water, wastewater and oily water purification, etc.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 253937
Theophilus Chinonyerem Nwokedi ◽  
Donatus Eberechukwu Onwuegbuchunam ◽  
Ejem Agwu Ejem ◽  
Theophilus Cyril Toochukwu

The International Regulations for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from ships (MARPOL 73/78) provided for the deployment of the oily-water separator (OWS) technology for the prevention of ship-based oily-water pollution in the marine ecosystem. Previous studies on the efficiency and effectiveness of the use of the OWS technology shows about 40 % failure rates and ineffective use; while also identifying a multiplicity of correlated factors constraining the effectiveness of the use of the technology onboard. To overcome the constraints posed by the identified factors to the effective use of the OWS technology requires a systems approach, which demands the determination of the dominant and significant factors constraining most, the effective use of the technology and prioritizing the elimination of the significant factors. The study used a survey design approach, employing primary data and the principal component factor analysis to determine the existence of about five principal factors, significantly constraining the effective use of the technology by ship operators in the West African Waters. The policy implications were discussed and recommendations for effective use of the technology proffered.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 363-370
M. Jomir ◽  
D. Zamfirache ◽  
A. Ene ◽  
C. Mihai

Storage of recovered oil and oily water is an important issue when it comes to maritime disasters, being a significant factor of the overall operation. Using large storage vessels is not always an option especially when the vessel is close to the shore. Currently, floating or non-inflatable tanks made of composite textile materials are used worldwide for the storage of the water/hydrocarbon mixture, regardless of the area of action (maritime or fluvial). The research carried out so far by INCDTP specialists, which consists in modelling, simulation and numerical analysis of various constructive forms and devices, led to the conclusion that for the making of a floating tank for storing water/hydrocarbon/oil mixtures, the best solution for its construction is represented by textile materials woven from high-tech yarns (p-aramid and polyamide 6.6) covered with polyurethane. The experimental model of the floating tank for the transport of oils and hydrocarbons in case of disaster was designed by INCDTP specialists and consists of five experimental models of floating materials (made of five variants of covered textile structures) and assembled in collaboration with specialists from SC CONDOR SA, in the form of a floating storage tank. The storage tank that has been created will be tested on the ground first, in order to perform all gravimetric and quality measurements

Membranes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 803
Qianqian Xu ◽  
Yuchao Chen ◽  
Tonghu Xiao ◽  
Xing Yang

The use of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) microfiltration (MF) membranes to purify oily water has received much attention. However, it is challenging to obtain high-performance PVDF microfiltration membranes due to severe surface fouling and rapid decline of permeability. This study explored a new approach to fabricate high-performance PVDF/silica (SiO2) composite membrane via the use of a polymer solution featuring lower critical solution temperature (LCST) characteristics and the non-solvent thermally induced phase separation method (NTIPS). Coupling with morphological observations, the membrane formation kinetics were analyzed in depth to understand the synergistic effect between the LCST solution properties and fabrication conditions in NTIPS. Utilizing such a synergistic effect, the transition from finger-like macrovoid pores to bi-continuous highly connected pores could be flexibly tuned by increasing the PVDF concentration and the weight ratio of SiO2/PVDF in the dope solution and by raising the coagulation temperature to above the LCST of the solution. The filtration experiments with surfactant-stabilized oil-water emulsion showed that the permeation flux of the PVDF/SiO2 composite membranes was higher than 318 L·m−2·h−1·bar−1 and the rejection above 99.2%. It was also shown that the PVDF/SiO2 composite membranes, especially those fabricated above the LCST, demonstrated better hydrophilicity, which resulted in significant enhancement in the anti-fouling properties for oil/water emulsion separation. Compared to the benchmark pure PVDF membrane in oily water purification, the optimal composite membrane T70 was demonstrated via the 3-cycle filtration experiments with a significantly improved flux recovery ratio (Frr) and minimal reduced irreversible fouling (Rir). Overall, with the developed method in this work, facile procedure to tune the membrane morphology and pore structure was demonstrated, resulting in high performance composite membranes suitable for oil/water emulsion separation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 101-110
Iqbal Helmi ◽  
Amad Narto ◽  
Mashudi Rofik

Pada era modern di dunia kemaritiman ini proses pembelajaran terkait permesinan kapal sangat diperlukan dan sangat penting untuk dikuasai peserta didik. Sehingga banyak digunakan metode pembelajaran yang efektif salah satunya adalah metode pembelajaran dengan menggunakan alat peraga permesinan diatas kapal, maka dari itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana cara membuat alat peraga dan untuk mengetahui prinsip kerja dari alat peraga serta untuk mengetahui manfaat yang didapatkan dari alat peraga. Jenis alat peraga sitem oily water separator di atas kapal. Metode yang digunakan yaitu Research and Development, merupakan proses atau langkah-langkah untuk mengembangkan suatu produk yang sudah ada, baik itu perangkat keras maupun perangkat lunak. Model dalam penelitian pengembangan ini adalah model procedural yaitu menggariskan pada langkah-langkah pembuatan yang terpapar secara urut dan bertahap dari proses awal hingga akhir. Kata kunci: Alat peraga, Oily Water Separator, modul elektronika, Timmer Delay Relay

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