Tomography Reconstruction
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2021 ◽  
pp. 1-2
Giovanni A. Chiariello ◽  
Olivier Vahdat ◽  
Eric Bruguiere ◽  
Issam Abouliatim

Abstract We present the case, with tomographic three-dimensional reconstructions, of an adult patient affected by congenital absence of one pulmonary valve cusp with completely normal morphology of the other two cusps.

2021 ◽  
pp. 446-450
Jean Roch Alliez ◽  
Luis Manera

A duplicated middle cerebral artery (DMCA) is a common anomaly. However, aneurysms arising from the origin of a DMCA are extremely rare. A 22-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with a World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade 2 subarachnoid haemorrhage. Four-vessel angiography revealed a DMCA and an aneurysm arising from the origin of this artery. The aneurysm was successfully treated by embolization, and the patient was discharged 2 weeks later. Ruptured aneurysms arising from the origin of a DMCA can be successfully treated by embolization. These aneurysms are small and 3D-computed tomography reconstruction is mandatory to detect them. It is important to preserve the DMCA during the treatment procedure.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 82-95
Edriss Eisa Babikir Adam ◽  

Recently, the image reconstruction study on EIT plays a vital role in the medical application field for validation and calibration purpose. This research article analyzes the different types of reconstruction algorithms of EIT in medical imaging applications. Besides, it reviews many methods involved in constructing the electrical impedance tomography. The spatial distribution and resolution with different sensitivity has been discussed here. The electrode arrangement of various methods involved in the EIT system is discussed here. This research article comprises of adjacent drive method, cross method, and alternative opposite current direction method based on the voltage driven pattern. The assessment process of biomedical EIT has been discussed and investigated through the impedance imaging of the existent substances. The locality of the electrodes can be calculated and fixed for appropriate methods. More specifically, this research article discusses about the EIT image reconstruction methods and the significance of the alternative opposite current direction approach in the biomedical system. The change in conductivity test is further investigated based on the injection of current flow in the system. It has been established by the use of Electrical Impedance Tomography and Diffuse Optical Tomography Reconstruction Software (EDITORS) software, which is open-source software.

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (9) ◽  
pp. 3272
Andres Vejar ◽  
Tomasz Rymarczyk

The principal objective of this research is to conceive a mobile system based on electrical tomography for subsurface imaging and monitoring in order to enable simultaneous recording of electrical potentials of cardiac and pulmonary activity. For an exploration of excitation waveforms in electrical tomography, specialized hardware is required. As the main principle of tomography is the measurement of electrical perturbations on an unknown object, it is crucial to synchronize excitation and sensing processes in a very precise way for the purpose of acquiring meaningful data. To cope with this problem, an FPGA device is used, with an architecture that allows us to trigger excitation signals and to read sensed data simultaneously via independent processes that share the same clock. In this way, waveform reconfiguration on frequency and shape can be provided and studied. The system is connected to a standard microcontroller SoC with a simple API that allows for IoT capabilities for on-line operation and tracking, given that the design is targeted for in vivo medical monitoring. As a result of the research work, a measuring device was developed, the surface data analyzed and the image was reconstructed using the selected configuration.

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