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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 55-67
Author(s):  
Farida Rahmawati ◽  
Ana Chusniatul Hidayah ◽  
Aida Nur Faizah ◽  
Ahmad Falahuddin ◽  
M Adryan Okuputra

Gerakan Gelar Gulung merupakan aksi tanggap warga dalam hal pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan masyarakat yang terdampak oleh Pandemi COVID-19 di Desa Tegalweru Kecamatan Tegalrejo Kota Yogyakarta. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi aksi dan inovasi yang dilakukan Gerakan Gelar Gulung dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan secara mandiri sebagai upaya mitigasi dampak pandemi COVID-19. Analisis dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif melalui pengumpulan data-data kualitatif yang diperoleh melalui metode observasi, wawancara, dan kepustakaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 5 aksi dalam Gerakan Gelar Gulung yaitu a) aksi mapping warga mandiri pastisipatif, b) aksi tanggap darurat pangan, c) aksi sosial kemandirian ekonomi, d) aksi jejaring pangupa jiwa, dan e) aksi berkebun lumbung pangan. Implementasi Gerakan Gelar Gulung ini mendapatkan respon positif dari berbagai pihak dikarenakan program yang sedang berjalan ini mampu meningkatkan ketahanan pangan dalam masa pandemi COVID-19 dan mendorong kemandirian ekonomi dalam jangka panjang.  Kata kunci: Gerakan Gelar Gulung, Pandemi COVID-19, Ketahanan Pangan    Gelar Gulung is a citizen action in terms of fulfilling the food needs of society who affected by COVID-19pandemic. The purpose of the study is exploring what actions and innovations which were carried out by Gelar Gulung action in fulfilling food needs to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, especially in Tegalweru Village. The analysis in this study was done using descriptive methods by collecting qualitative data obtained through observation, interview, and literature study. The results showed that there were 5 actions, namely a) participatory mapping, b) food emergency response actions, c) sufficiency economy, d) community leaders’ network actions, and e) urban farming. The implementation of Gelar Gulung action received positive response from the stakeholders as this ongoing program was able to increase food security during the COVID-19pandemic and encourage long-term economic sufficiency.  Keywords: Gelar Gulung Action, COVID-19 Pandemic, Food Security 


In the Street ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 93-121
Author(s):  
Çiğdem Çidam

This chapter argues that Jürgen Habermas’s engagement with the debates on the German student movement of 1968 led him to question the common tendency to consider the transience of spontaneous popular action a failure. Habermas’s democratic theory construes the ephemerality of such events as an asset that ensures they remain unrestricted by existing norms. The “wild” and “anarchic” moments of direct citizen action constitute the radical core of deliberative democracy. Yet, even as he emphasizes the democratic moments’ unrestricted quality, Habermas, like Rousseau, is also wary of their unpredictability. In his discussions on civil disobedience, Habermas turns to “constitutional patriotism” as a normative criterion to contain the dangers that emanate from the unpredictability of spontaneous action. In doing so, however, Habermas risks transforming political theory into a disciplinary mechanism whereby the theorist, à la Rousseau, takes on the role of an authority figure charged with guiding democratic action.


2020 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
pp. 4997 ◽  
Author(s):  
Karolina M. Zielińska-Dabkowska ◽  
Kyra Xavia ◽  
Katarzyna Bobkowska

Due to the wide reach of media reports about scientific research and technological tools such as the world wide web (WWW), the Internet, and web browsers, citizens today have access to factual information about the negative impact of artificial light at night (ALAN) on their dark skies, and their health and well-being. This means they can now make educated decisions and take the necessary steps to help protect themselves and their communities from disruptive light pollution. Whilst this action is positive and welcomed, unfortunately, according to collected data, not all such initiatives have been successful. Although our understanding of this groundswell movement is deepening, further studies are required to complete a worldwide picture of the current situation. This paper therefore investigates the various actions taken by citizens, as well as the challenges, methods, and tools involved, regarding good practices initiated by grass roots activism on how to reduce existing and potential light pollution. The results of a comparative analysis of 262 international case studies (lawsuits and online petitions) reveal that, since the 1990s, there has been an increase in the number of legal cases related to light pollution due to the rise in public awareness, the availability of scientific knowledge via the Internet, and the ability to take accurate lighting measurements and perform lighting simulations. Also, in the last decade a new tool for digital participation in the form of online petitions has established a new movement of citizen action to mitigate the effects of light pollution. Based on this information, a seven-step framework involving recommendations for citizen action has been developed. It is expected that this new knowledge will benefit those citizens planning future efforts involving the development, implementation, and monitoring processes of outdoor lighting. Additionally, it might support the evolution of planning and policy approaches that are sustainable and necessary to improve the application and installation of ecologically/biologically responsible illumination for towns, cities, and natural habitats.


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