Pedagogical Science
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Author(s):  
Iryna Rozman

The article presents a synthesized analysis of scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personalities - famous teachers, scholars, public figures who have made a significant contribution to the development of education and pedagogical science of Ukraine and the world. The essence of scientific and methodological approaches is characterized according to their division into two main conditional groups: «traditional» that were used in historical and pedagogical studies in the second half of the XX century (historical and logical; semantic and formal; personal and active; quantitative and qualitative; culturological and its varieties, etc.) and «innovative» , which began to be actively used as a research tool in the late 1990s (anthropological, axiological, phenomenological, hermeneutic, intellectual and biographical, paradigmatic, synergetic, etc.). The peculiarities and difficulties of using scientific and methodological approaches to the study of pedagogical personality are clarified. They are connected to the fact that, first, this issue is mainly considered in the context of the study of individual biographies, which determines the brevity, abstractness of its understanding or does not take into account the specifics of biographical studies. Secondly, due to the «multi-layered» methodology of pedagogical science and the subjective reflections of scholars, there is an arbitrary interpretation and use of these methodological approaches. Third, in specific biographical studies, scientists operate with a relatively narrow range of methodological approaches, which limits the cognitive possibilities and general research results.


2021 ◽  
Vol 69 (1) ◽  
pp. 109-117
Author(s):  
A. K. Aitpayeva ◽  
◽  
Zh. M. Akparova ◽  

In modern psychological and pedagogical science, the concept of "socialization" is interpreted as the process of development and self-development of a person during the assimilation and reproduction of socio-cultural experience. And, of course, it is very important to ensure the successful socialization of the younger generation. In the modern world, the problem of social development of the younger generation is becoming one of the most urgent. Parents and educators are more concerned than ever about what needs to be done to ensure that a child entering this world becomes confident, happy, intelligent, kind, and successful. In this complex process of becoming a person, a lot depends on how the child adapts to the world of people, whether he will be able to find his place in life and realize his own potentialAt first glance, it seems that the social world of a preschool child is small. This is his family, adults and peers, whom he meets in kindergarten. However, the people around the child enter into a variety of relationships — kinship, friendship, professional and labor, etc. Therefore, even at preschool age, children need to form an idea of the diversity of human relations, tell them about the rules and norms of life in society, and equip them with behavioral models that will help them adequately respond to what is happening in specific life situations. In other words, it is necessary to manage the process of socialization.


2021 ◽  
pp. 14-17
Author(s):  
Tetiana NECHYPORENKO ◽  
Liudmyla MUSIATOVSKA ◽  
Olena MUSIATOVSKA

The paper is devoted to the innovative competence of the teacher of financial disciplines of the institution of professional higher education. The definition of the concept of innovative competence in scientific sources is considered, the content and structure of this phenomenon are outlined. Innovative competence is understood as a mandatory competence of a specialist, without which it is impossible to effectively perform professional activities by a person, as it requires a willingness to change in connection with the constant innovations and modernizations taking place in society. The modern tendencies of development of professional higher education are covered and the character of pedagogical technologies with the use of innovative tools is analyzed. On the basis of generalization of thematic researches and practice separate offers concerning application of an innovative technique on a researched profile of preparation of the competitive expert are formulated. A review of current research suggests that the question of the importance and feasibility of introducing innovative pedagogical technologies in training to ensure a system of defined competencies of the modern specialist is axiomatic. The analyzed thematic literature sources show that the development of pedagogical technologies (content, nature, selection of tools) in the system of pedagogical science is proposed on the basis of the use of variable technologies. The innovative competence of the teacher is shown in the updated, more effective forms, ways, methods and, accordingly, qualitatively new results of educational activity which are received as a result of realization of innovations. More systematically innovative competence of the teacher is revealed in the content of components of its structure, which includes: social competence, motivational and value competence, theoretical and methodological competence, technological competence, information and communication competence, reflexive and regulatory competence.


2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
pp. 120-130
Author(s):  
N. V. Grechushkina

Digitalization of education and the development of electronic pedagogy as a branch of pedagogical science are the conditions that actualize the analysis of online courses application mo-dels which is the purpose of this study. Based on the analysis of scientific pedagogical literature, the article addresses the typology of online courses integration models implemented in the traditional (face-to face) educational process. The author has studied and summarized the various approaches to selecting  integration models of online courses  in Russian and  foreign scientific and pedagogical literature and developed a typology of patterns of online courses application based on three criteria: the organization of the educational process (characteristics: the character of the online course incorporating in the educational process, a way of organizing the educational process), the contents of traditional face-to-face and online components in the learning content (characteristics: a change in the structure of educational process, forms and methods of training), and the organization of interaction between the subjects of the educational process (characteristics: organization of pedagogical support, organization of pedagogical interaction between the subjects). This approach made it possible to pinpoint thirty-four models of online courses application and  integration. Each model implemented in practice can be identified unambiguously when typologizing by one characteristic of the corresponding criterion and refer to several types when considering its different characteristics.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 27-33
Author(s):  
Mikheeva Tatyana B. ◽  
◽  
Nichiporyuk Elena A. ◽  

Currently, there are controversial issues in pedagogical science about learning a foreign language in preschool institutions. The development of thinking and the formation of communicative abilities is an important psychological and pedagogical task of modern preschool education. Special attention is paid to the characteristics of children of older preschool age-5–7 year-olds. This age is the most favorable for mastering a foreign language. Psychological features of preschool children are the intensive formation of cognitive abilities, quick and easy memorizing of language information, special sensitivity to the phenomena of language, the ability to imitate. Learning English at preschool age stimulates the development of general speech abilities and lays the foundation for communication in a foreign language in the future, successful and not constrained by any barriers. Older preschoolers have an increased need to communicate with their peers, which is implemented through gaming activities. Teaching English to preschoolers is most effective with the use of linguodidactic games. The use of games in the English language classes ensures maximum activity of children, since playing is the most natural form of behavior of children. The game gives you the opportunity to present serious content in an accessible, emotionally meaningful way. Keywords: preschool education, English, senior preschool age, game technology, linguodidactic games


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (4) ◽  
pp. 108-125
Author(s):  
I. P. Smirnov

Introduction. The article provides an overview of the most notable pedagogical innovations (project method, programmed teaching, pedagogy of cooperation), mastered at the scientific level, but not widely used in educational practice. Special attention is paid to the paradigm of contextual education developed by the Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Department of Social and Pedagogical Psychology in Sholokhov Moscow State University for the Humanities, A. A. Verbitsky and his scientific school. This paradigm accumulates many effective forms, methods and means, substantiated within the framework of various innovative approaches; however, it finds application only on the experimental sites of individual creative teachers of Russia.The aim of the present publication is to investigate the reasons for the rejection by educational practice to apply pedagogical innovations, conditions and prospects.Methodology and research methods. The author analyses the works of A. A. Verbitsky's scientific school, consistently developing the paradigm of contextual education in monographic and dissertation research, mastering it in the long-term teaching practice of the leading Russian university in the field of intelligent systems in humanities and applied humanities.Results and scientific novelty. The author rejects the widespread opinion about the inhibition of innovations by the conservative pedagogical environment and shows their ideological incompatibility between the centralised management of education and the autocracy of Russian society as a whole. It is proved that the imperative of the perception of pedagogical innovations by education is a change in the social environment.Practical significance. The author's assessments and conclusions create methodological prerequisites for developing a discussion about the mission of pedagogical science and the conditions for its development in modern Russian society. Thus, it could explain why the “didactocentrism”, proclaimed by John Amos Comenius, prevails in Russian education.


Author(s):  
M. GRYNOVA ◽  
K. YUDINA

The article analyzes the formation of basic competencies in dental students in medical universities of Ukraine. The basic concepts for the formation of basic competencies in dental students in medical universities of Ukraine are identified. The significance of the conceptual approach to the formation of basic competencies in dental students in medical universities of Ukraine is substantiated. The issue that is the focus of this paper should be specified as follows. In the consumer economy, the requirements for the employee are growing rapidly, especially for his basic competence, as the ability to solve problems, competitiveness, but the classical scheme of education is not able to guarantee the appropriate level of training of dentists, according to current medicine and practice. Thus, for the formation of professional competence of future professional dentists in medical universities in the current circumstances it is reasonable to develop and test a concept that involves the use in this process of state-of-the-art pedagogical science and practice: methodological approaches, criteria, content of education, its forms, tools, evaluation criteria effectiveness, etc.


2021 ◽  
Vol 46 (1) ◽  
pp. 101-108
Author(s):  
I. Smirnov ◽  
◽  
N. Stukalenko ◽  

The article presents the generalized results of research on the formation of professional preparation of future physical education teachers for organizing sports events in the context of the leading trends in the development of physical-pedagogical education and physical education in the framework of extra-curricular sports activity. The content of education is enriched with new methodological skills, the development of the ability to operate with information, the creative solution of problems of science and pedagogical practice with an emphasis on the individualization of educational programs, the role of pedagogical science in the creation of educational technologies that are adequate to the level of public knowledge. Updating the content of education and teaching technologies, the emergence of many problems in improving the quality of teaching physical education lessons, the development of extracurricular sports and the management of the process of physical education require the restructuring of the education system, the improvement of which ultimately depends on the level of professional training of teachers.


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