Singular Time
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Ahmad Afuni

AbstractWe establish new local regularity results for the harmonic map and Yang–Mills heat flows on Riemannian manifolds of dimension greater than 2 and 4, respectively, obtaining criteria for the smooth local extensibility of these flows. As a corollary, we obtain new characterisations of singularity formation and use this to obtain a local estimate on the Hausdorff measure of the singular sets of these flows at the first singular time. Finally, we show that smooth blow-ups at rapidly forming singularities of these flows are necessarily nontrivial and admit a positive lower bound on their heat ball energies. These results crucially depend on some local monotonicity formulæ for these flows recently established by Ecker (Calc Var Partial Differ Equ 23(1):67–81, 2005) and the Afuni (Calc Var 555(1):1–14, 2016; Adv Calc Var 12(2):135–156, 2019).

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Chih-Peng Huang

This paper mainly investigates the admissibility analysis and the admissibilizing controller design for the uncertain discrete singular system with delayed state. Based on Lyapunov–Krasovskii stability theory, an original admissibility condition for the nominal singular delay system is first presented. By involving the uncertainties in both difference and system matrices simultaneously, we devote to analyzing the robust admissibility for the regarded uncertain discrete singular system with delayed state. Furthermore, by hiring the state feedback control law, we further discuss the admissibilizing controller design for the resulting closed-loop system. Since all the derived criteria are expressed in terms of strict linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) or parametric LMIs, we thus can handily verify them via current LMI solvers. Finally, two numerical examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness and validity of the proposed approach.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 120-159
Sajjad Lakzian ◽  
Michael Munn

Abstract In this article, we study the Ricci flow neckpinch in the context of metric measure spaces. We introduce the notion of a Ricci flow metric measure spacetime and of a weak (refined) super Ricci flow associated to convex cost functions (cost functions which are increasing convex functions of the distance function). Our definition of a weak super Ricci flow is based on the coupled contraction property for suitably defined diffusions on maximal diffusion subspaces. In our main theorem, we show that if a non-degenerate spherical neckpinch can be continued beyond the singular time by a smooth forward evolution then the corresponding Ricci flow metric measure spacetime through the singularity is a weak super Ricci flow for a (and therefore for all) convex cost functions if and only if the single point pinching phenomenon holds at singular times; i.e., if singularities form on a finite number of totally geodesic hypersurfaces of the form {x} × 𝕊 n . We also show the spacetime is a refined weak super Ricci flow if and only if the flow is a smooth Ricci flow with possibly singular final time.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (1) ◽  
Sujay K. Ashok ◽  
Varun Gupta ◽  
Nemani V. Suryanarayana

Abstract We study singular time-dependent $$ \frac{1}{8} $$ 1 8 -BPS configurations in the abelian sector of $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory that represent BPS string-like defects in ℝ × S3 spacetime. Such BPS strings can be described as intersections of the zeros of holomorphic functions in two complex variables with a 3-sphere. We argue that these BPS strings map to $$ \frac{1}{8} $$ 1 8 -BPS surface operators under the state-operator correspondence of the CFT. We show that the string defects are holographically dual to noncompact probe D3-branes in global AdS5 × S5 that share supersymmetries with a class of dual-giant gravitons. For simple configurations, we demonstrate how to define a good variational problem and propose a regularization scheme that leads to finite energy and global charges on both sides of the holographic correspondence.

Missie Aguado-Rojas ◽  
Trong-Bien Hoang ◽  
William Pasillas-Lepine ◽  
Antonio Loria ◽  
Witold Respondek

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