early physical therapy
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Pain Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Brittany L Sisco-Taylor ◽  
John S Magel ◽  
Molly McFadden ◽  
Tom Greene ◽  
Jincheng Shen ◽  

Abstract Objective The Fear-Avoidance Model of chronic pain (FAM) posits that pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance beliefs are prognostic for disability and chronicity. In acute low-back pain, early physical therapy (PT) is effective in reducing disability in some patients. How early PT impacts short- and long-term changes in disability for patients with acute pain is unknown. Based on the FAM, we hypothesized that early reductions in pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance beliefs would mediate early PT’s effect on changes in disability (primary outcome) and pain intensity (secondary outcome) over 3 months and 1 year. Subjects Participants were 204 patients with low-back pain of < 16 days duration, who enrolled in a clinical trial (NCT01726803) comparing early PT sessions or usual care provided over 4 weeks. Methods Patients completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ work and physical activity scales) and outcomes (Oswestry Disability Index and Numeric Pain Rating Scale) at baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year. We applied longitudinal mediation analysis with single and multiple mediators. Results Early PT led to improvements in disability and pain over 3 months, but not 1 year. In the single mediator model, four-week reductions in pain catastrophizing mediated early PT’s effects on 3-month disability and pain intensity improvements, explaining 16% and 22% of the association, respectively, but the effects were small. Pain catastrophizing and fear-avoidance beliefs did not jointly mediate these associations. Conclusions In acute low-back pain, early PT may improve disability and pain outcomes at least partly through reducing patients’ catastrophizing.

2021 ◽  
Debora Benevides Barreto ◽  
Carolina dos Santos Freitas ◽  
Emili Gomes Henriques ◽  
Thalia Pereira Silva ◽  
Thalyta Márjory Fernandes Costa ◽  

Patients with Down syndrome have a delay in neuropsychomotor development. For this reason, physiotherapy is indicated early, in order to stimulate motor activities and provide a better quality of life. To verify the effects of exercise on the quality of life of patients with Down syndrome. A non-systematic review was carried out through a search in the PEDro database, with randomized clinical trials, published between 2008 and 2019, using the following keywords: exercise down, down syndrome physiotherapy. Six studies were included for review. Strength increased with various exercises in the 5 studies in which it was evaluated. Three studies showed improved balance with the use of resistance, isokinetic and stabilization exercises. Two articles evaluated physical function, based on resistance exercises, and only one improved. One article assessed blood glucose, fat, cholesterol and blood pressure, but there were no significant differences. Exercise improves important aspects such as strength and balance, with different types of intervention for patients with Down syndrome, reinforcing the importance of early physical therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (19) ◽  
Ranjit D. Singh ◽  
Mark P. Arts ◽  
Godard C. W. de Ruiter

BACKGROUND White cord syndrome is an extremely rare complication of cervical decompressive surgery, characterized by serious postoperative neurological deficits in the absence of apparent surgical complications. It is named after the characteristic ischemic-edematous intramedullary T2-hyperintense signal on postoperative magnetic resonance imaging and is believed to be caused by ischemic-reperfusion injury. Neurological deficits typically manifest immediately after surgery, and delayed occurrence has been reported only once. OBSERVATIONS The authors presented two cases of delayed white cord syndrome after anterior and posterior cervical decompression surgery for symptomatic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum, respectively. Neurological deficits manifested on postoperative day 2 (case 1) and day 8 (case 2). The patients’ conditions were managed with high-dose corticosteroids, mean arterial pressure augmentation, and early physical therapy, after which they showed partial neurological recovery at discharge, which improved further by the 3-month follow-up visit. LESSONS The authors’ aim was to raise awareness among spine surgeons about this rare but severe complication of cervical decompressive surgery and to emphasize the mainstays of treatment based on current best evidence: high-dose corticosteroids, mean arterial pressure augmentation, and early physical therapy.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Graeme Hoit ◽  
Matthew Rubacha ◽  
Jaskarndip Chahal ◽  
Ryan Khan ◽  
Bheeshma Ravi ◽  

María Jesús Muñoz-Fernández ◽  
Esther M. Medrano-Sánchez ◽  
Beatriz Ostos-Díaz ◽  
Rocío Martín-Valero ◽  
Carmen Suárez-Serrano ◽  

Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) represents a minimally invasive surgery in patients with breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the possible effect of an early physiotherapy intervention for the recovery of the upper limb and the surgical scars after SLNB in comparison with usual care. A total of 40 patients were enrolled in either the control group (n = 20) or the experimental group (n = 20). The intervention group performed an early physiotherapy program based on functional exercises, scar manual therapy, and educational tips. The control group received usual care. Shoulder range of motion (ROM), grip strength, upper limb pain and disability (SPADI), scar recovery (POSAS), myofascial adhesions (MAP-BC), quality of life (EORTCQLA-BR-23) and the presence of axillary web syndrome (AWS) and lymphoedema were assessed at baseline and immediately after intervention. A follow-up period of 6 months was performed for lymphoedema surveillance. Between groups significant differences in favor of the intervention were found for ROM (r = 0.43), grip strength (r = 0.32), SPADI (d = 0.45), POSAS (d = 1.28), MAP-BC (d = 1.82) and EORTCQLQ-BR 23 general function subscale (d = 0.37) (p < 0.05 for all variables). Our results suggest that an early physical therapy program seems to be more effective than usual care in women after SLNB. However, results should be interpreted with caution and future randomized trial with a larger sample size is needed.

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