Area Occupation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 418
Shahzaib Maqbool ◽  
Maryam Haider ◽  
Ather Iqbal ◽  
Arham Ihtesham ◽  
Waleed Inayat Mohamed ◽  

Objective: Despite remarkable progress in scientific methods and measures against infectious disease transmission, the prevalence of infectious diseases is still on the rise in resource-poor countries. Hand hygiene is considered an effective way of fighting against deadly infectious diseases. Our study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and hand hygiene practices among mothers of children presenting for routine paediatric check-up in the department of paediatrics in a tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi.Materials and Methods: It’s a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 400 mothers from the paediatric department of the Holy family hospital (HFH), Rawalpindi. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the study participants. A semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaire that included demographic details, knowledge, attitude, and practice levels were assessed through validated questionnaires used in previously published studies. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic details and chi-square analysis was used to find an association between handwashing practice with knowledge and attitude. A P<0.05 was taken as significant. Data analysis was done through SPSS.v.23.Results and Discussion: In total, 400 females participated in the study and the mean age (±SD) was 32.4±10.2 years. The mean age of children was 31.2±12.2 months. The level of good handwashing knowledge and attitude was 93% and 60% respectively. However, the level of good handwashing practice was just 40%. The age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, showed significant association with handwashing practices.Conclusion: In our study handwashing practice among mothers was relatively low. Age of mothers, residential area, occupation, socioeconomic status, and the level of knowledge regarding handwashing, were significantly associated with handwashing practices.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 05 No. 04 October’21 Page: 418-423

Osvaldo Gasparri ◽  
Mirko Bernardoni ◽  
Paolo Del Croce ◽  
Andrea Baschirotto

Abstract OTP (One Time Programmable) memory in power technology enables electrical performance optimization together with area occupation reduction. In this paper, the aspects relative to the oxide breakdown (which is the key mechanism for memory programmability) are studied and applied to the development of an antifuse OTP cell in a 350 nm-CMOS power technology. The physical analysis of the degradation phases of an oxide layer is presented together with the physical models, exploited to foresee the device time-to-breakdown depending on applied voltage, oxide thickness etc. The achieved results are used in the development and reliable implementation of OTP cells in the target 350 nm-CMOS node.

Taru Saigal ◽  
Arun Kr. Vaish ◽  

This study examines travel behaviour of individuals differentiated with respect to gender, occupation and area using survey data collected from a city and a village in northern India. Doing this not only helps in analysing which section of the population produces the lowest carbon footprint but also in highlighting the existing difficulties faced by a certain section in choosing the most comfortable, the cheapest and the least polluting attitude towards every day travel. While the group of rural women comprises of the least frequent travellers, that of urban men make the most frequent travellers. Disparities are also observed in the mode of transport used by different sections. Urban housewives walk, rural housewives use public transport; students, irrespective of the area or gender use public transport; and a growing percentage of working people use motorized two-wheelers. Because women heavily depend on walking or using the public transport, this study points out at the need for an adequate walking infrastructure in the city along with safer and secured public transportation services for both urban and rural area. The demand for expansion of such facilities also caters to the need of curtailing carbon footprint in the region. KEYWORDS: Travel behaviour, gender, area, occupation, India

2015 ◽  
Vol 24 (03) ◽  
pp. 1550029
Linghao Li ◽  
Zhibiao Shao

Most recent microprocessors present multiple special functional units to optimize their performance. In this paper, a new functional unit called the calculation and anticipation (C&A) unit is presented for the IEEE 754 standard floating-point adder (FPA) that is the most important and frequently used calculation part for both modern CPUs and GPUs. C&A unit parallelize rounding step and readjustment step, which are known as the time-consuming steps for floating-point addition with significand addition. Therefore it reduces FPA critical path delay enormously, and even more decreases a little FPA area occupation. The synthesis results show that the double-precision FPA with C&A unit takes about 17.17% improvement in the critical path delay, while saves about 8.32% area than the conventional one. It takes 5.90% advantage in area and 19.58% improvement in the worst case delay than the double-precision FPA from the Open Core module "fpu_double" (rev 14 2010-02-13) synthesized in the same 0.13-μm CMOS bulk. Furthermore, comparing with the two-path double-precision FPA synthesized using LSI Logic's gflxp 0.11-μm CMOS library, it takes about 4.30% advantage in the critical path delay, and saves almost one-third area in the number of the individual cells.

2014 ◽  
Vol 30 (2) ◽  
pp. 221
Didi Tahyudin

The occupation and cultivation of Bentayan Wildlife Area (SM) into rubber and oil palm plantations was keep on going by the community, even up till now. As a results, its habitat condition was no longer suitable for the life of protected specific animals. This study will describe occupation patterns of Bentayan Wildlife area by the community, including its arrival. The results showed that community members arrival to Bentayan Wildlife area are  history of community migration due to economic constraints in the area of origin. There is an “opportunity” in Bentayan Wildlife area for the community to occupy this area due to lack of supervision from the authority. Economic needs and lack of supervision in Bentayan Wildlife area are the basic of community arrival which subsequently occupy this area. Occupation pattern seems relatively systematic with specific mechanism. Land occupation finally lead to conflict between community and government.

2013 ◽  
Vol 11 (3) ◽  
pp. 2387-2392
Maheswari Muraboyina ◽  
Dr.S. Govindarajulu

In this work, when dealing with transmission-gate-based master-slave (TGMS) flip-flops (FFs), a reconsideration of the classical approach for the delay, power, and area minimization is worthwhile to improve the performance in high-speed designs[1]. In particular, by splitting such FFs into two sections that are separately optimized and then reconciling the results, the emerging design always outperforms the one resulting from the employment of a classical Logical Effort procedure assuming such FFs as a whole continuous path[1]. Simulations have been performed at transistor level on several well-known TGMS FFs, designed in 65-nm and 90nm technologies using Microwind3.1 CAD tool, and the results have been compared to validate the correctness of such a procedure and of the underlying assumptions. Significant improvements have been found on delay, power and on area occupation, thus showing that this approach allows correctly dealing with the actual path in such circuits and hence to more properly steering the design towards the achievement of efficiency in the high-speed region[1]. epaE� n � �� RGMCET, Nandyal,[email protected] 

2005 ◽  
Vol 26 (4) ◽  
pp. 943-950
Athena P. Kottis

The paper presents an explanation of the economic factors behind the geographic, occupational and industrial mobility of labor by considering movement from one area, occupation, or industry to another as an investment in human capital, requiring the incurrence of a certain cost and making possible certain returns, which are subject to various degrees of risk and uncertainty. It shows that both the traditional neoclassical theory and the institutional models present an incomplete picture of the factors affecting the mobility of labor and concludes that the factors deemed relevant by both theories are equally important in explaining the mobility of labor.

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