Ocular Comfort
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2022 ◽  
Vol 58 (4) ◽  
pp. 55-64
Author(s):  
Silvia Salavastru ◽  
Irina Andreea Niagu ◽  
Luana Andrei Macovei ◽  
Lucretia Anghel ◽  
Nicolae Sarbu ◽  
...  

Ophthalmic treatments using contact lenses are now used by more and more specialists around the world. Improving contact lens (CL) materials is a condition that is constantly evolving. Contact lens materials are usually composed of polymer hydrogel or silicone hydrogel. The materials used for night contact lenses are gas permeable and they gradual flatten the center of the cornea which decreases the progression of myopia or myopic astigmatism. The aim of this study is to identify, in correlation with the chemical interactions between structural components of contact lenses and their biocompatibility with the surface layer and microtopography of the cornea or sclera, different incidents that occur in patients who have used rigid gas permeable contact lenses. The study was performed on a group of 10 patients who had a follow-up period between 4 and 6 years, who presented regularly for eye examinations. The following clinical parameters were analyzed: ocular refraction before and after wearing night contact lenses, types of contact lens materials, appearance of corneal topography, biomicroscopic examination of the anterior segment of the eye, keratometry, ocular comfort, as well as other incidents regarding this type of lenses. Difficulties caused by wearing contact lenses at night arose due to poor hygiene and maintenance in two cases or due to interruption of lens wear in one case.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (7) ◽  
pp. e239187
Author(s):  
Victoria Liu ◽  
Adnan Pirbhai ◽  
Syed Faraz Masood

A 67-year-old woman presented with painful, acute vision loss after 5 days of fever and muscle aches while visiting the Dominican Republic. She had no recent history of ocular surgery, dental work or recent trauma. Anterior chamber aspiration confirmed an initial diagnosis of endogenous endophthalmitis, positive for Streptococcus mitis that progressed to panophthalmitis on return to Canada. Treatment included systemic antibiotics, intravitreal antibiotics and intravitreal dexamethasone. Despite the best medical treatment, the left eye progressed to corneal perforation 5 weeks after presentation. An evisceration with fitted orbital implant was successful in alleviating pain following the surgery. S. mitis is a rare, but possible cause of endogenous endophthalmitis and panophthalmitis. It was important to work with a multidisciplinary and global team to coordinate and offer appropriate treatment measures. Although vision was lost, evisceration of the left eye provided ocular comfort and good cosmetic outcomes for the patient.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Amanda K. Romaneck ◽  
Lionel Sebbag

A 2-year-old domestic shorthair cat was examined for severe keratitis of 10 months duration, non-responsive to 0.1% dexamethasone q8-12h. Patient and owner compliance were poor given ocular discomfort and hiding behavior. On presentation, both eyes (OU) had severe ulcerative keratitis that masked examination of deeper structures and resulted in absent menace response OU. Corneal cytology was consistent with eosinophilic keratitis (EK) OU. Initial therapy included subcutaneous triamcinolone acetonide injection (0.2 mg/kg), 0.3% ciprofloxacin OU q12h, and two compounded drugs started 5 days later upon receipt: 0.5% tacrolimus OU q6h, 0.5% cidofovir OU q12h. Visual behavior and ocular comfort were reportedly much improved within 24 h. At the first recheck (Day 11), patient and owner compliance were reported to be excellent, menace response was positive OU, and keratitis was dramatically reduced OU with absent fluorescein uptake. Subcutaneous triamcinolone acetonide was repeated (0.2 mg/kg), ciprofloxacin was discontinued, cidofovir was continued q12h, and tacrolimus was slowly tapered (q8h × 3 weeks then q12h). Keratitis was nearly 100% resolved at the second recheck (Day 38); cidofovir was discontinued and tacrolimus was slowly tapered (q12h × 1 week, q24h × 4 weeks, q48h × 4 weeks) then discontinued. A third recheck (Day 101) confirmed clinical remission OU, and disease did not reoccur within a 1 year follow up period (photographic documentation by owner). In sum, adjunct use of triamcinolone acetonide greatly improved therapeutic compliance and helped control severe EK in a rapid and effective manner.


2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Author(s):  
Heiko Pult ◽  
Farzana S. Khatum ◽  
Sonia Trave-Huarte ◽  
James S. Wolffsohn
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 107 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sohaib Ahmed Mahmood ◽  
Loay Abdulmutalib Almusawi ◽  
Sura Abdulrahman Alqaisi ◽  
Bashar Alwash

2020 ◽  
Vol 187 (11) ◽  
pp. e102-e102
Author(s):  
Joy Ioannides ◽  
Richard Everson ◽  
Marian Matas Riera ◽  
Charlotte Dawson

ObjectiveTo describe a population of dogs treated with blend electrolysis for distichiasis at The Royal Veterinary College and report the complications seen.MethodsIn part 1, records were reviewed from 2012 to 2017 and a population of 78 dogs with distichiasis treated using blend electrolysis (Sterex SX-B blend epilator) analysed. In part 2, 18 dogs treated with blend electrolysis were re-examined prospectively by a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ECVO).ResultsIn part 1, brachycephalic breeds accounted for 62 per cent. English bulldog was the most common breed (42 per cent). In this population, 88 per cent of dogs were successfully treated with one treatment of electrolysis (successful treatment defined as resolution of clinical signs). Forty-five dogs had recurrent distichia on follow-up, mostly fine distichia without clinical discomfort. Twelve per cent required repeat electrolysis. Complications were infrequent: five dogs had scarring or hypopigmentation of the eyelid margin. In part 2, 18 dogs were re-examined. Ten had distichia recurrence, six had eyelid scarring and five had depigmentation associated with electrolysis. Two dogs had occasional clinical signs thought to be related to distichiasis. All owners perceived their dogs’ ocular comfort to be improved following blend electrolysis.ConclusionsBrachycephalic breeds, most notably English bulldogs, are over-represented in this population. Blend electrolysis appears an effective treatment for resolution of clinical signs.


2020 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 180-187
Author(s):  
Angela Juliana Cappeli ◽  
Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes ◽  
Mônica de Oliveira Orsi Gameiro ◽  
Rodrigo Bazan ◽  
Gustavo José Luvizutto

ABSTRACT Patients with peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) have some degree of recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors and physical therapy modalities associated with functional recovery in patients with PFP. This is a cohort study with 33 patients. We collected the following variables of patients who underwent treatment at the rehabilitation center: age, sex, risk factors, affected side, degree of facial paralysis (House-Brackmann scale), start of rehabilitation, and therapy modality (kinesiotherapy only; kinesiotherapy with excitomotor electrotherapy; and kinesiotherapy with excitomotor electrotherapy and photobiomodulation therapy). The outcomes were: degree of facial movement (House-Brackmann) and face scale applied 90 days after treatment. Degree of PFP was associated with functional recovery (RR=0.51, 95% CI: 0.51-0.98; p=0.036). The facial movement was associated with the time to start rehabilitation (r=−0.37; p=0.033). Lower facial comfort was observed among women, worse ocular comfort was associated with diabetes mellitus, worse tear control with prior PFP, and worse social function with the degree of PFP. Our results indicate that the all modalities present in this study showed the same result in PFP. Recovery of PFP was associated with degree of nerve dysfunction, the length of time to onset of rehabilitation, female sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and previous PFP, all of which were associated with worse outcomes on the face scale.


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