hydrological processes
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CATENA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 211 ◽  
pp. 105963
Author(s):  
Jiadong Dai ◽  
Jianhui Zhang ◽  
Ke Xue ◽  
Feng Yang ◽  
Fucheng Huang ◽  
...  

CATENA ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 211 ◽  
pp. 105955
Author(s):  
Naaran Brindt ◽  
Steven Pacenka ◽  
Brian K. Richards ◽  
Srabani Das ◽  
Anna L. Schatz ◽  
...  

Eos ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 103 ◽  
Author(s):  
Alice Fassoni-Andrade ◽  
Fabrice Papa ◽  
Rodrigo Paiva ◽  
Sly Wongchuig ◽  
Ayan Fleischmann

Satellite observations offer invaluable insights into hydrological processes and environmental change in the Amazon.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yalalt Nyamgerel ◽  
Hyejung Jung ◽  
Dong-Chan Koh ◽  
Kyung-Seok Ko ◽  
Jeonghoon Lee

Soil moisture is an important variable for understanding hydrological processes, and the year-round monitoring of soil moisture and temperature reflect the variations induced by snow cover and its melt. Herein, we monitored the soil moisture and temperature in high (two sites) and low (two sites) elevation regions with groundwater sampling near the Mt. Balwang area in Gangwon-do, South Korea from Sep 2020 to May 2021. This study aims to investigate the temporal and spatial variations in soil moisture and temperature due to snow (natural and artificial snow) and its melt. A ski resort has been operating in this area and has been producing artificial snow during winter periods; thus, the spring snowmelt comprises both natural and artificial snow. The effect of soil freezing and thawing, wind conditions, vegetation covers, the timing and intensity of snow cover and snowmelt were differed in the monitoring sites. The high elevation sites 1 and 2 exhibit the relatively longer and consistent snow cover than the low elevation sites. Particularly, site 2 show late (May 8) snow melting even this site is in south slope of the Mt. Balwang. The relatively steady and moist soil layers at sites 1, 2, and 3 during the warm period can be considered as influential points to groundwater recharge. Moreover, the differences between the mean δ18O (−9.89‰) of the artificial snow layers and other samples were low: in the order of surface water (0.04‰) >groundwater (−0.66 and −1.01‰) >natural snow (1.34 and −3.80‰). This indicates that the imprint of artificial snow derived from surface water and with decreasing amount of natural snow around the Mt. Balwang region, the results support the assumption that the potential influence of artificial snowmelt on groundwater quality. This study helps to understand the snow dynamic and its influence on the hydrological processes in this region by combining the hydro-chemical and isotopic analysis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xueling Tan ◽  
Suning Liu ◽  
Yong Tian ◽  
Zhaoqiang Zhou ◽  
Yao Wang ◽  
...  

Climate change and land use/cover change (LUCC) have been widely recognized as the main driving forces that can affect regional hydrological processes, and quantitative assessment of their impacts is of great importance for the sustainable development of regional ecosystems, land use planning and water resources management. This study investigates the impacts of climate change and LUCC on variables such as streamflow (SF), soil moisture (SM) and evapotranspiration (ET) in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) by using Soil and Water Assessment Tools (SWAT) model under different scenarios during 1979–2018. The results show that the simulation performances were overall good, with Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency Coefficient (NSE) and coefficient of determination (R2) greater than 0.80 for the monthly-scale SF calibration and validation. According to the results of trend and change point tests of meteorological series, the baseline period (1979–1997) and the interference period (1998–2018) were determined. Interestingly, other land use types were basically converted to urban land, leading to a rapid urbanization in the GBA. Compared with the SF values of the eight estuaries of the Pearl River Basin in the baseline period, both climate change and LUCC has led to the decrease in the SF values in the interference period, and the combined effect of climate change and LUCC was slightly greater than their individual effect. Overall, climate change and LUCC both have important impacts on regional hydrological processes in the GBA.


2022 ◽  
Vol 07 (01) ◽  
pp. 105-115
Author(s):  
K. A. Iroye

The influence of climatic conditions of precipitation and evapotranspiration exercise great control on soil water budget. This is fundamental to crop production and hydrological processes. This study assessed the temporal variability of soil moisture condition of Ibadan, Nigeria using the water budget approach. Specifically the study analyzed the climatic variables of monthly rainfall and means monthly air temperature, computed the mean monthly evapotranspiration values, plots the water budget graph, and discussed the implications of the observed seasonal trend in water budget condition on agricultural activities and hydrological processes. Monthly rainfall and mean monthly air temperature data used were collected from the archives of the Nigeria meteorological agency for the period 2008-2020. Monthly potential evapotranspiration data used in the study was estimated from the mean monthly air temperature data. The monthly rainfall data and the monthly evapotranspiration data were used to plot the water budget graph. Results revealed temporal variability in soil moisture condition. Water deficit condition was observed between November and April while water surplus condition was observed between May and October. The highest water surplus condition was observed in September (111.9mm) while the highest deficit condition (-125.64mm) was observed in December. The month of October recorded the lowest water surplus condition (41.30mm) while the month of April recorded the lowest water deficit condition (-10.10mm). The implications of the observed seasonal variation in soil moisture status on agricultural activities and hydrological processes were discussed.


Author(s):  
D. A. Antonenkov ◽  
◽  
A. E. Shchodro ◽  

The article presents the methodology of hydrological modeling of water flows for constructing flow plans in the design of hydraulic structures. On the basis of these calculations, both the specific costs of bottom and suspended sediments in each flow stream and the deformation of the riverbed at various points in time can be determined. The results of experiments with spatial models of river sections are considered. The developed technique makes it possible to calculate the deformation of the bottom and shores and form a flow organization scheme, which, due to an increase in velocities in some section of the channel, ensures sediment transport to more remote areas of the seashore, up to the open sea.


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