Mantiqu Tayr: Journal of Arabic Language
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Published By Institut Agama Islam Ma Arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung

2774-6372
Updated Wednesday, 04 August 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 167-182
Author(s):  
Mustolikh Khabibul Umam ◽  
Rifka Khoirun Nada

The realization of Arabic language learning that is generally done face-to-face today must be done online. Not without reason, we realize how the pandemic that began to spread massively led the policy authorities to stop any kind of movement identified with mass social activities. Learning in all institutions from RA/TK level to university level should be discontinued and replaced with online-based learning through internet assistance. This research is categorized as qualitative research and uses data collection techniques in the form of interviews, documentation and analyzed with descriptive analysis strategies.  This study is intended to investigate how educational institutions, especially mi education level prepare the arabic learning model applied, researchers want to uncover how the learning steps used by teachers in online-based Arabic learning, student problems during the online learning process and obstacles faced by teachers when the government requires learning to be done online. This research has a purpose direction as a response to the policyholders in overcoming the obstacles of online learning in schools, especially in MIN 1 Yogyakarta. The results obtained in this study are problems faced by educators and students relative to the internal problems of each individual. Educators need to delve deeper into the knowledge of the technology used when learning online, disarming that learners must also focus more on online learning so that the lessons delivered by educators can be absorbed properly. The role of parents is also quite significant in directing and monitoring their children during online learning activities. In addition, the curriculum released by the government in the face of the emergency situation of covid-19 has been quite effective, but in its implementation still requires monitoring and evaluation from policy makers as the initiator of the emergency curriculum.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 145-166
Author(s):  
Elkhayati Rifai

The article is an edited and critical study of an unpublished astronomical text entitled "The Astronomical Instrument Known as The Two-Pronged Machine" of a Damascene astronomer from the thirteenth century AD, Ismail ibn Heba Allah al-Hamawi. ancient scientific texts on this instrument are written by al-Kindi then Ibn Abbad and al-Nayrizi. Al-Kindi's text is the only text published from ancient texts, and today we present to researchers in the development of astronomical instruments a new text to contribute to enriching our knowledge of the scientific tradition of astronomical instruments in Islamic civilization.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 133-144
Author(s):  
Zughrofiyatun Najah ◽  
Umi Hijriyah ◽  
Ahmad Nur Mizan ◽  
Dian Risky Amalia

This study aims to examine the language style (al–uslub) used by al- Barudi in his poetry with the theme of life descriptions by describing the main idea or theme, elements of feeling or emotion, and language style based on aspects of diction or choice of words, syntax or sentence structure and rhetorical aspect or meaning. This research is a type of qualitative research with a descriptive-analytical literature study by referring to Al-Barudi's poetry text as the primary source. The data analysis method used is content analysis (tahlil al–madmun).  The author uses a stylistic approach in examining and analyzing the language styles used by the poets in this poem. In examining this poem, the writer will use the stylistic theory proposed by Gorys Keraf related to the classification of types of diction, language style based on syntactic aspects, and rhetorical aspects or meaning. This poetry has the theme of "life description" with a choice of words that still maintain aesthetic values supported by a very strong language style or (al–uslub). The language style contained in the poem is very strong and appropriate with the characteristics of the neoclassical genre of poetry pioneered by al-Barudi at that time, although free, but still strongly adheres to wazan and qafiyah. Seen from the aspect of diction, the words chosen by the poet in sya'ir are quite easy to understand in a popular style. Then from the aspect of sentence structure or syntax, this poem has a climax style. The language styles based on the meaning contained in this poem are hyperbole, simile, pleonasm, apostrophe, ellipsis, assonance, erotesis, and euphemism.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 117-132
Author(s):  
Laila Faoziyah ◽  
Nailul Izzah

The issue raised in this research is about the material content of the Arabic language textbook Madarasah Aliyah Class XI published by the Ministry of Religion. This study aims to analyze the Arabic language textbooks for Madrasah Aliyah Class XI based on the 2013 curriculum. This research is a qualitative research with a literature study method. Data collection is done by documentation technique and data analysis that the writer uses is content analysis. While the 2013 Curriculum is a theory that is used as a medium to analyze qira'ah about Amal al-Murahiqin. The results of the study indicate that the Islamic Madarasah Aliyah Class XI Arabic Textbook published by the Ministry of Religion is in accordance with the 2013 curriculum. This can be seen from the material and pictures contained in it are in accordance with core competencies and basic competencies. In addition, the qira'ah material on Amal al-Murahiqin has included the values ​​of spiritual attitudes, social attitudes, knowledge, and skills taught in learning.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 101-116
Author(s):  
Fatkhur Roji ◽  
Muhammad Syaifullah ◽  
Mohammad Izdiyan Muttaqin

Surah Annisa’ is very popular and is often used as material for preaching and determining the study of women, but often researchers find errors in the interpretation and understanding of conveying the verses in the Annisa’ letter, these errors are found in understanding the verses that contain tarkib idhofy, which should be destined في , conveying to be ل, the purpose of this study is to minimize misunderstanding and provide insight into the study of tarkib idhofy. This study uses a research library research design, the data in this study is the Idhofy tag which is contained in Annisa's letter. The results of the study stated that those who have tarkib idhofy in Annisa verses 1 to 25, have tarkib idhofy, the verses are in verses 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 20, 23, 24, and 25. And from the results of the semantic analysis, it is stated that the meaning of min (من) has 8 lafadz, while those that have the meaning fii (في) are 4 lafadz, and those which have the meaning of ownership (ل) are 13 lafadz.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 83-100
Author(s):  
Mohamad Yahya Ashari ◽  
Rifatul Mahfudhoh

This study pays close attention to explain the implemantation of inclusive education especially in using the strategies and its problems of learning process. The aims of this study are determinating of the learning objectives, strategy of arabic learning and the learning problems in arabic teaching for inclusion students in islamic primay school of Islamiyah Wathoniyah Jombang. This study uses the qualitative descriptive approach, it uses interviews, observation and documentation for collecting data. This study uses the method of data analisys by implementing the steps of Miles and Hubberman such as data colletion, data shorting, data display and conclusion. The results of this study are: 1) the subjects of arabic learning determinated to two subjects, they are the subjects of usual learning and the subjects of inclusive learning. 2) the arabic learning uses the strategy of contextual teaching and learning and the strategy of cooperative learning by applying language games and pictures. 3) the learning problems in arabic teaching are: (1) less effective of the time for arabic additional lessons outside of the official learning to increase the understanding of inclusion students, (2) the different varies of inclusion students caracteristicts, (3) the less communication and partipication of inclusion students parent.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 27-40
Author(s):  
Dian Risky Amalia ◽  
Bety Dwi Pratiwi

This study has the objectives, 1- Preparing integrative teaching materials based on Nusantara Islam for intermediate level, 2-Knowing the characteristics of integrative teaching materials based on Nusantara Islam for intermediate level IAIM NU Metro Lampung, 3- Knowing the extent to which the effectiveness of teaching materials is to improve the four skills in Arabic.This research is an experimental research designed by researchers with pre-test and post-test. While the population of this study were second semester students majoring in English Education, and took 18 students. Results of this study are 1. Completion of teaching materials which have the following stages: Initial analysis, preparation of teaching materials, validation of 2 experts, revision of teaching materials, field trials, revision of teaching materials after implementation in the field, final results. Teaching materials compiled by researchers are in (1) Format and layout arrangements, (2) Module content consisting of instructions for use, learning and evaluation activities, (3) the use of language in teaching materials is conversational language, language of expressions / descriptions, and the natural language of the Prophet's hadith. 3. Teaching materials prepared by researchers are good and effective. This is evidenced by the result of t count (5.67) which is greater than the t table at 0.05% degree of error (2.11).


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Edi Kurniawan Farid ◽  
Mamluatun Ni'mah ◽  
Nur Arifah

This research aims to know the teaching of the speaking skill using the audio-oral method for the students of Islmic Senior High School of Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo and to know its problems. This qualitative research used observation, interview, and documentation to collect data. To analyze the data, this research based on three basic things, data reduction, data presentation, and extrapolation. And, to measure the validity of the data, this research used triangulation. The results of this research are the teaching of the speaking skill using the audio-oral method for the students of Islmic Senior High School of Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo by giving the dialogues, then translates them and represents the pronunciation in the Arabic dialect, which the students hear and then imitate afterwards sometimes the tape recorder used for improving the arabic speaking skill correctly while teaching continued with more exercises in various Arabic dialogues. The problems of the teaching of the speaking skill using the audio-oral method for the students of Islmic Senior High School of Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo consist of three basic problems which are related to the language environment, the local language, the monotonic teaching method and learning media.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 11-26
Author(s):  
Faiz Shuaib Adam

The deletion in the syndromic compounds is a syntactic phenomenon that deals with the syntactic changes that occur to the Arabic sentence in deleting one of the compounds, and the compounds associated with this concept are those terms that the owner does not separate from the other, And its deletion is one of the characteristics of the Arabic language, the structure of the economy in the composition, and the structure of that deletion builds on several purposes and grammatical errors that suggest and summarize that. The research deals with these compounds contained in the commentary of Antarah bin Shaddad, who is one of the knights ’poets from the pre-Islamic era, because of the large number of these omissions in this comment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 41-60
Author(s):  
Masrurotul Mahmudah ◽  
Abdul Halim ◽  
Muhammad Syaifullah ◽  
Ikhwan Aziz Q ◽  
Hernisawati Hernisawati

There are several factors that are very influential in language, namely human cleverness in speaking skills, Maharah al-Kalam is the ability to express articulated sounds or words to express thoughts in the form of ideas, opinions, desires, or feelings to the interlocutor. In a broader sense, speaking is a system of signs that can be heard and seen which utilizes a number of muscles and muscle tissues of the human body to convey thoughts in order to fulfill their needs. In general, maharah al-kalam aims to be able to communicate properly and properly with the language they are learning. Moving on from the problem of learning disabilities that have a big impact on learning can certainly harm teachers and students in receiving the material. In learning Arabic, of course, you really need a lot of training to speak and memorize vocabulary so that there are no difficulties in learning Arabic. Students must also be active in learning. After that the student looked difficult when he spoke Arabic and spoke it and the accuracy of Arabic was not good, Apart from memorizing habitual vocabulary by the student, creating a supportive environment for practicing conversation. With a good language environment, speech can also be intertwined well. Regardless, there are many problems in learning to speak at MTs Riyadlatul ulum which make the lack of maximum learning in speaking skills, students' lack of speaking in speaking and speaking habits can also hinder the learning process to speak, unclear pronunciation and tarkibnya arrangement make the speaker and listener make it difficult. The population in this study were students of class VIII MTs Riyadlatul Ulum, using qualitative descriptive research. Data collection was carried out by means of interviews, observation and documentation. In the interview, to find out the problems that students have experienced and to get data about the factors that influence it, in the researchers' observations the researchers looked at the problems that appeared to students when in learning and documentation for evidence of research implementation.


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