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Published By Al-Kindi Center For Research And Development

2663-7197
Updated Wednesday, 01 December 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 122-132
Author(s):  
Nurwahida Alimuddin ◽  
Ibrahim Latepo

University students have intensively used social media in their daily life. The students use social media for social, education, and interaction purposes. Some studies found that students also use social media for psychological relief benefits such as building happiness through making friends and finding entertainment. However, limited studies have been conducted to find out variables that affect psychological needs in social media use. This study, therefore, aims to find out variables that affect university students' psychological needs in social media use. This study used a quantitative method with a survey approach. Samples were eighty students who were purposively recruited from four faculties. This study shows that information search, social interaction, entertainment, narcissism, and attention seekers behavior have significantly influenced the students' motivation to fulfill psychological needs in social media use. Personal identity-building did not affect the students’ use of social media in fulfilling their psychological needs. The students might be focused on social identity rather than personal identity building. We concluded that social media had become a new source for university students to find psychological relief and well-being.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 133-140
Author(s):  
Omer Ahmed Omer ◽  
Nadra Abd Allah Ali

The current qualitative study aims at exploring and analyzing in a descriptive way the impact of e-learning on different interactions forms in French virtual class in order to strengthen the students’ engagement in this type of class. The problem that we encounter when it comes to French virtual class is the lack of spontaneous and active interactions which could negatively affect the learning process. The study was based on data collected from structured observations conducted throughout the 2nd semester 2020/2021. The results show that the general interaction rate is unsatisfactory; especially the peers’ interaction rate which is the worst. To enhance the virtual class interactions, some tips and practices have been recommended. A further study may help to identify the factors that affect the interactions in virtual class.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 111-121
Author(s):  
Elias C. Olapane ◽  
Mary Joyce E. Fernandez ◽  
Brechelle Grace D. Payongayong

Implemented in 2007, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) otherwise known as the Conditional Cash Transfer Program (CCT) is a flagship economic and social reform of the Philippine government in order to reduce poverty particularly in the areas of education, healthcare, and the economy as a whole. The emergence of the pandemic interested the researchers in examining the implementation of such a program among its beneficiaries using trend analysis (2015-2021). From 17 regions in the Philippines, the researchers used cluster sampling and took the National Capital Regional (NCR) as an area of interest. The aggregated data from the National Capital Region (NCR) was chosen and used in this study.  Results of the study show an erratic trend on the number of 4Ps beneficiaries in the National Capital Region and when disaggregated by years, sex, provinces, and age group.  The NCR 2nd and 3rd Districts have the highest number of 4Ps beneficiaries representing NCR, with 30%-31%, while the lowest provinces which are 1st and 4th districts range from 19%-20%. In terms of sex, 93% are female beneficiaries while 7% are male ones from 2015-2018 only because starting 2019 to 2021, the proportion of both sexes became stable and stays with 90% for female grantees and 10% for male grantees. The age group with the least grantee is 18 years old and below, which equates to around 1-2% per year.  Further, a "high level" of health compliance among the child monitored 4Ps beneficiaries was observed in 2015 (90%), 2018 (91%), 2019 (93%), and 2020 (97%). It was then concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic had not affected the number of child and adult 4Ps beneficiaries. Interestingly, under 5 mortality rates have significantly reduced from 2015 to the 1st quarter of 2021.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 106-110
Author(s):  
Xin Xie ◽  
Yaqi Liu ◽  
Deeana Kasa

This article aims to analyze Chinese netizens’ speech act of complaints under pandemic of COVID-19 by Searl’s felicity condition of speech act (1969) and discuss with politeness theories. Researchers collected data from the comment area of a short video on Douyin in September 2021. The result shows that there are 11 strategies employed to complain about the returnees, namely Suggestion, Statement, Order, Irony, Expectation, Expressing negative emotions, Request, Criticism, Asking for reasons, Calling for empathy, and Exclaiming strategies according to the order of most to least. In uneasy situations, Chinese speakers still try to employ polite strategies to express their dissatisfaction, however, they may threaten listeners’ “face” inevitably.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 98-105
Author(s):  
Samuel Aron Issak

This paper discusses the US and China’s response to the Darfur crisis in order to examine the underlying conflicting perspectives on the legitimacy of humanitarian intervention. The findings show that the US and China characterized the Darfur crisis differently. For the US the level of violence in Darfur was genocide; thus, robust humanitarian intervention was required to stop it. On the other hand, China described the situation as a crisis, but not genocide. Therefore, addressing it requires a peace process rather than humanitarian intervention. This is a clear indication of the conflicting perspectives that exist around the principle of humanitarian intervention. The reason is that national interest rather than humanitarian consideration seems to dictate their response to the Darfur crisis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 84-96
Author(s):  
Lina Taysir Alzouabi ◽  
Ayat Jebril Nashwan

Since the Syrian crisis began ten years ago, 5.6 million Syrians have been forced to flee to neighboring countries. Jordan is not a member of the 1951 Geneva Refugee convention, so Syrians are treated as asylum seekers rather than refugees. This study explores Syrian asylum seekers’ experiences and challenges in Jordan, including the sectors of housing, education, healthcare services, and employment to understand why they are motivated to seek asylum in Europe. Through semi-structured interviews with 30 Syrian asylum seekers living in four Jordanian governorates outside camps, the goal is to elucidate the drivers that motivate them to seek asylum in Europe. The findings emphasize the importance of education and work permits both of which are considered major push factors or drivers for immigration. The narratives provide a contextual understanding of the immigration crisis from the voices of the refugees themselves, which in turn will contribute to the knowledge base of immigration literature and enhance the support for the Syrian asylum seekers in the host community of Jordan.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 79-83
Author(s):  
Pearl Lettee Maunes

The Philippine government has imposed General Community Quarantine (GCQ) measures to slow the risk of the spread of COVID-19. This study seeks to identify the problems women encountered during this period and determine solutions to address those problems. Descriptive qualitative method multiple case study design was used. With thematic analysis, results found out that women are burdened by family security and financial capability, which contributes to the triple role of women. Moreover, resiliency has emerged as the main factor in solving these burdens. This study contributes to the fifth Sustainable Development Goal, gender equality, and women empowerment.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 57-78
Author(s):  
Elias C. Olapane

NVivo is a methodological tool in analyzing qualitative data. The software belongs to the genre of Computer-assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS). This qualitative case study aimed to explore the practices of NVivo adopters within the West Visayas State University (WVSU) System, Academic Year 2019-2020. A researcher-made and foreshadowed Focus Group Discussion (FGD), in-depth interview, and observation protocols were utilized to gather data from the participants. The conceptual analysis was done using NVivo 12 Plus, while the researcher did the analytic analysis. The study revealed that the WVSU NVivo adopters are generally tech-savvy and stationed in the research office. Their speed of using the software varies. The adopters vary in terms of using NVivo- some were fast learners, while others were slow. They regularly ask questions from the researcher-resource speaker, though the NVivo manual of operation was distributed to them. Seven (7) themes have emerged that may optimize NVivo’s functionalities in qualitative data analysis. These themes are requirements for improved coding practices, the need for enhanced visualization skills; the importance of the knowledge on the NVivo research cycle; qualities of NVivo adopters; motivation in using NVivo; and practices for practical qualitative data analysis using NVivo. It is thus concluded that there is a need for WVSU administration to consider several mechanisms to improve the use of CAQDAS, specifically NVivo, in qualitative data analysis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 41-56
Author(s):  
Elias C. Olapane ◽  
Lalaine E. Ricardo ◽  
Jenewel M. Azuelo

Ethnic groups are known as minorities in any society. However, the richness of their culture can never be undermined, rather, it serves as defining stuff of history that is worthy of being upheld and preserved. This ethnographic study was specifically designed to investigate how the Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons in barangay Agcalaga, Calinog, Iloilo, Philippines upheld their cultural society amidst the influence of the mainstream institutions in their community during the 1st quarter of 2019. The informants were chosen through purposive sampling on the basis of the inclusion criteria set before them. Permission from the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) and the cultural community was secured prior to the conduct of fieldwork in the said area. The researchers performed data triangulation and ground truths for the validity of data and observed data saturation for the reliability of the gathered data. NVivo 12 Plus was used for conceptual analysis while the researchers themselves did the analytic analysis. Barangay Agcalaga is generally on its midway progress. Being a cultural community, the Panay Bukidnon-Halawodnons in this place maintain their cultures such as Council of Elders, "binanog" dance, rituals in farming, house construction, circumcision, dagaan, luy-a luy-a, and batak-dungan; bayanihan; babaylan; and love of nature while their lost cultures include binukot; serenade (harana); traditional IP house; burial rites (embalming); dowry system; primitive costumes (bahag and patadyong).  The Philippine government is called to ratify the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention No. 169 or Convention 169 to fortify the cultures of the Indigenous Peoples not only in Calinog, Iloilo but also in the entire country.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (11) ◽  
pp. 29-39
Author(s):  
Bertha Danso ◽  
Theodora Naa Maamle Whyte ◽  
Peter Owusu-Akyaw Jnr. ◽  
Rita Adasi Fenteng ◽  
Loretta Akosua Akyaa

Inventory management encompasses a wide variety of tasks. These tasks differ depending on the organization. The study's main goal is to evaluate inventory management activities at Takoradi Technical University's hospitality management department. Non–experimental analysis was used to design the sample. The study's target population was hospitality students with sample sizes of 60 students. Purposive sampling was used to collect data for the analysis. The analysis relied on primary data.  To collect data for the analysis, a structured questionnaire was created with both opened-ended and closed-ended questions. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel were used to analyze and process the information. Frequency distribution tables, pie charts, and bar charts were used to display the findings. According to the results, the department did a commendable job of resource management in order to provide supplies for the students' practical training. The department's inventory management process was purely commercial and the proper inventory management process was implemented. Regardless, it was recommended that the hospitality department strive to keep inventory under control. Evidence for inventory management and record documentation should also be handy at all times.


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