Manna Rafflesia
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Published By Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Arastamar Bengkulu

2721-0006, 2356-4547
Updated Wednesday, 05 May 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 348-368
Author(s):  
Linda Zenita Simanjuntak ◽  
Samuel Abdi Hu ◽  
Lukgimin Aziz

Artikel ini berangkat dari gagasan tentang fakta di berbagai belahan dunia, khususnya segmen penggembalaan dalam teologi Kristen. Sebagai sebuah nubuatan, tentunya nabi Yehezkiel memiliki banyak pesan penting bagi kehidupan para Gembala saat itu. Yehezkiel 34 sebagai salah satu bagian nubuat yang krusial bagi para pembaca saat ini, khususnya bidang teologi praktis patut untuk dikaji guna memperoleh tuntunan yang bermakna bagi para Gembala Jemaat dalam menggembalakan sekelompok orang yang menghadapi berbagai tantangan dalam hidup. Berbagai tantangan tersebut semakin pelik ketika pandemi corona dideklarasikan pada awal tahun 2020. Dengan menggunakan metode studi pustaka, peneliti menggali berbagai karya sastra untuk menjawab kebutuhan di lapangan, khususnya teologi pastoral sebagai bagian dari teologi praktis. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa semangat penggembalaan tidak boleh diredupkan oleh tantangan hidup yang semakin kompleks. Isi nubuatan dalam Yehezkiel 34 ini membahas dua bidang yang berbeda, yaitu penghakiman pengharapan di dalam Kristus. Sebagai nubuatan, Yehezkiel 34 memberi domba-domba itu harapan penuh sukacita untuk menunggu campur tangan Tuhan selama praktik penggembalaan yang menyesatkan. Di sisi lain, sebagian Gembala justru memiliki kesempatan untuk menunjukkan kekuatan dan kepemimpinan Tuhan Gembala Agung yang telah mengizinkan mereka untuk melayani. Tuhan telah memberikan alat dan kebijaksanaan bijak kepada para Pendeta untuk memimpin jemaat pada kenyamanan dan kenyamanan hidup baik secara fisik maupun spiritual.    


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 441-466
Author(s):  
Gernaida K.R. Pakpahan

This research aims to explore the implementation of human rights in the 8th century BC. The prophet Amos's criticism was aimed at the failure of nations to build human solidarity which was shown in various human rights violations. The approach method used is a form criticism approach, a synchronic and diachronic approach that seeks to examine the historical context of the book of Amos. The results obtained from the research show that violations of human rights during the Amos era include: deprivation of one's right to life and property, trafficking and human slavery, loss of fraternal solidarity, anger, and revenge, intimidation, terror and fear, the humiliation of human beings, refusal. rule of law. Israel's crimes against humanity are driven by a materialistic spirit so that it carries out the sale of the righteous, the poor, the weak, the exploitation of women, fines, and debts. Building humanitarianism through law enforcement so that truth and justice are created in society.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 369-394
Author(s):  
Yudi Jatmiko

The emergence of Instagram has indisputably made the world full of pictures. Messages that are generally dominated by words have turned into a collection of colorful pictures on Instagram. Pictures have brought a world that is beyond words. On the other hand, many experts observe the destructive sides of Instagram. The pictures that are initially meant to reveal beauty have transformed into a means of self-fulfillment. Pictures have turned into a context where the self has become the center of the message and the world. In the Christian faith, this is fatal! A self-centered life is contradictory to the Christian nature as God’s image, which basically must center life on God. The question begs to answer: how should Christian respond to Instagram? This is the focus of the research. To answer the question above, using the methodology of phenomenology approach and literary research, I will explain the history and impacts of Instagram. After that, I will analyze it from the perspective of the Christian faith, especially those that are related to the philosophy undergirding Instagram. Finally, I believe Instagram is not evil per se. However, appropriate responses are needed to bring forth a clearer God’s image in the world that is full of pictures.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 279-302
Author(s):  
Adi Putra ◽  
Gunar Sahari

This research discusses the pastoral leadership of Jesus Christ as written in the Bible to be applied in the Pelita Dunia Theological Seminary. So that every graduate produced can understand and practice correct pastoral leadership in accordance with the teachings and actions of Jesus Christ. This study uses a qualitative approach that combines a literature review with the results of interviews with several alumni. Through this research, information was obtained that Jesus' pastoral leadership based on the explanations in the Gospels is clearly visible in three ways, as Jesus' pastoral leadership carries out God's vision and that means that every pastor also carries out God's vision, Jesus' pastoral leadership reaches out to the lost and improves relationships and that means every pastor also reaches out to the lost congregation and mends broken relationship with God, and pastoral leadership Jesus disciplines and sends and that means every pastor disciplines and sends the congregation to preach the gospel. In addition, this study also concluded that Pelita Dunia Theological Seminary should include and teach Pastoral Leadership to every student in order to produce graduates who can serve like Jesus.  


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 419-440
Author(s):  
Adieli Waruwu ◽  
Samuel Purdaryanto

At the end of 2019, the whole world and Indonesia were shocked by the emergence of the new coronavirus disease 2019. It has been more than a year since this disaster struck. The number of victims around the world has reached more than one hundred million with the death toll of more than two million people. Various efforts have been made to prevent the spread of this virus, one of which is social restrictions so that it has an impact in various areas of human life. One of the impacts is the missionary service which usually carries out social and face-to-face interactions. By using qualitative research methods with a literature review approach, observation, and interviews and then describing, this study will provide answers and solutions for mission service strategies during the Covid19 pandemic. The results of this study found answers to mission services online or online. By utilizing internet networks and social media, the gospel can still be preached despite social restrictions. Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, and Tiktok are some social media applications that can be used for mission services during the Covid-19 pandemic, through these applications this news can be presented in the form of writing, audio, and video which are shared via social media. This strategy, with its strengths and weaknesses, provides a great opportunity to continue working on the Great Commission of the Lord Jesus during the Covid-19 pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 258-278
Author(s):  
Efesus Suratman

Many people expect a good, healthy, prosperous life, do not experience suffering. People who have a prosperous, healthy life, without suffering are usually identified with people who are obedient and fear God, where the concept of fearing God gets blessings and does not get curses, suffering, or other bad things that are often referred to as the principle of retaliation. This principle of retaliation is a common and believed principle from time to time. In wisdom literature, the principle of retaliation is one of the points that need attention. But in fact there are many who are pious, fearing God, whether they experience suffering that is not appropriate. This research approach is qualitative using a theological approach that can be used to understand the gaps that occur, collect data from various literary sources that can be used to collect the material needed, such as books in libraries, Junarl, the web, electronic mass media, etc. . the concept of the principle of retribution cannot be established in general terms and can be stated inaccurately if it is addressed to righteous people, pious people, good people, and suffering children, because the theory stated by the facts that occurs is incompatible and very contradictory.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 303-326
Author(s):  
Sri Wahyuni Kusradi ◽  
Marlon Butarbutar ◽  
Ferdinan Pasaribu

This article intends to describe a pattern of mentoring to shape the students of Ebenhaezer Theological Seminary (Ind. STTE) as servant leaders. This is motivated by the lack of the number of servants of God who can become a leader at the same time. There is also the view that a true leader is only born, not formed. There are many discussions about Servant Leader, but this article intends to discuss how to be mentored informing as a servant leader in the STTE. In this article, the author uses qualitative methods. To find this problem, the writer interviewed several students who were being formed in the STTE. The writer also tried to find a theoretical basis for nurturing or mentoring to form Servant Leaders and make them relevant in the formation of  Theology students. Based on this evaluation, it can be seen that effective tutoring or mentoring can help students become powerful Servant leaders.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 327-347
Author(s):  
Hisikia Gulo ◽  
Hendi Hendi

This article is a review of the spirituality of Jesus prayer according to the    Philokalia Fathers for the spiritual growth of the congregation in a book entitled Philokalia: The Bible of Orthodox Spirituality, this book is a book that is not widely known by believers because this topic is rarely discussed, even studied by the Church. The aim of this research is to explore that the Jesus Prayer Prayer is a spiritual discipline, its practice is to help a person control the mind of many wandering thoughts so that they can focus more on Jesus Christ. The research method is literature and then interaction with other related texts in the Bible and other Church Fathers. The results of the analysis show that the Prayer of Jesus praying for mercy from God will make someone realize that only God is the source of help in the pain and suffering of the human soul and body.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 189-209
Author(s):  
Made Nopen Supriadi ◽  
Daniel Sarwono ◽  
Estherlina Maria Ayawaila

This paper is a phenomenological descriptive analysis of the living conditions of Christians today. The author found several problems in the life of Christian spirituality today, namely: the failure of Christians to reflect on their spirituality by their religious positions, the emergence of an apathetic attitude to show a good spiritual life due to an experience of failure, a lack of practical implementation of the values ​​of spirituality that are understood, the life of spirituality. without obedience and the presence of a center of non-biblical spirituality in the Christian life. The writer observes this problem as a problem in building the spiritual formation of Christianity today. This problem the writer observed was also experienced by Zacharias, but the Bible provides the fact that Zacharias was able to overcome these problems. Thus this paper refers to the principle of Zacharias spirituality in answering this problem. Hopefully this article adds insight and provides answers to the lives of Christians today.


2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (2) ◽  
pp. 210-234
Author(s):  
Simon Simon ◽  
Semuel Ruddy Angkouw

This paper discusses the initiation of the church as part of the implementation of the Great Commission. The method used in this paper is a qualitative method with a literature approach. Planting churches is part of the Great Commission because the pioneers of the church implement the spread of the Gospel to the established congregations. If we trace the PB (New Agreement) and its historical records in determining the pioneering locations of the church, God and man played a role. From God's point of view, it is theological basis when Paul and Silas prayed, then the Holy Spirit gave instructions on where they should go (Acts 16: 4-12). While from humans, the apostles sent people to preach the Gospel in the designated areas. In this pioneering exercise in identifying culture, it requires the involvement of mentoring involved. In starting a new church planting, focus on the arrangement of faith to new converts as well as on the congregation that will join as members but take priority over discussing material matters.


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