International Journal of Human and Health Sciences (IJHHS)
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Published By International Journal Of Human And Health Sciences Ijhhs

2523-692x
Updated Sunday, 07 March 2021

2018 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 145 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ahmed Shawkat Hashem ◽  
Hesham Shokry Ismail ◽  
Santosh R Patil ◽  
Mohammad Khursheed Alam

Background: Due to limited data about the prevalence of the moderate chronic periodontitis among smokers and non- smokers in Saudi population this study was conducted.Methods: For each participant, full mouth periodontal examination was performed and recorded on a special examination form by one of the 3 examiners. These data included probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL). The Data was collected and entered into the personal computer. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS/version 21) software. Number and percent of each category were calculated, for categorized parameters, chi square test was used. The level of significant was 0.05.Results: On comparison the prevalence of moderate chronic periodontitis among the smoker and non- smoker groups, chi square test was 9.114, with ( p< 0.05) which is statistically significant, while on comparison the age between the two groups, it was found that there was no significant relation between the age and the different grade of chronic periodontitis.Conclusion: Moderate Chronic Periodontitis is more prevalent among smokers in Aljouf province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 02 No. 03 July’18. Page : 145-148


Author(s):  
Joseph Bagi Suleiman ◽  
Ainul Bahiyah Abu Bakar ◽  
Mahaneem Mohamed

Introduction: Obesity has been reported to impair male reproductive function and testicular apoptosis while bee bread has been traditionally consumed to enhance male fertility.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of Malaysian bee bread on apoptosis and proliferation of testicular germ cells in high-fat diet-induced obese rats.Methods: Twenty-four adult male Sprague Dawley rats weighing between 250-300 g were randomised into four groups (n=6/group), namely normal control (NC), high-fat diet (HFD), HFD plus bee bread (HFD+B) and HFD plus an anti-obesity drug orlistat (HFD+O) groups. Bee bread (0.5g/kg/day) and orlistat (10 mg/kg/day) were suspended in distilled water and given by oral gavage for 12 weeks. Markers for apoptosis and proliferation of testicular germ cells were assessed.Results: mRNA transcript levels of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, p53 and Bax/Bcl2 ratio in the testis of HFD group were significantly increased while immunohistochemical staining of cleaved caspase-3 increased and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunoexpress ions decreased relative to NC group. Treatment with bee bread significantly decreased the apoptotic markers, significantly decreased mRNA transcript levels of anti-apoptotic markers (Bcl2) and increased PCNA immunoexpression in HFD+B, relative to NC group and HFD+O.Conclusion: Bee bread improved proliferation of testicular germ cells by attenuating apoptosis in high- fat diet-induced obese male rats.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 44


Author(s):  
Albar Mohammed Ali ◽  
Chamsi Pasha Hassan

Medical and technological resources allow many patients affected by advanced diseases to receive more aggressive and expensive treatments than ever before. This wide range of available options can frequently lead to complex end-of-life decisions, such as when to start palliative care programs. Medical futility refers to interventions that are unlikely to produce any significant benefit for the patient. Medical futility is a daily problem, with significant ethical implications and concerns about the respect of the main ethics principles: beneficence, non-maleficence, patient’s autonomy, and justice. Proceeding with futile treatment is neither in the best interests of the patient nor of the healthcare system. This paper examines the definition of futility, applications of the concept of medical futility, the complexities of management when care is considered futile.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 02 No. 01 Jan’18. Page : 13-17


Author(s):  
Afiq Izzudin A Rahim ◽  
Mohd Ismail Ibrahim ◽  
Faizul Nizam A Salim ◽  
Mohd Ariff Ikram Ariffin

Objectives: This study aimed to determine Facebook post characteristics and factors associated with good engagement rates among netizens on the Facebook (FB) page of Ministry of Health Malaysia.Methods: 2123 FB posts were randomly selected in this cross-sectional study. The logist ic regression model was applied to identify factors associated with good engagement rates.Results: Majority of the FB post characteristics were organizational promotion content, photo type and posted between midnight and early morning. An FB post with a good engagement rate was significantly associated with a health education post (Adjusted Odd Ratio (AOR): 3.80, 95% Confidence Interval CI: 3.02–4.78, p < 0.001), a risk communication post (AOR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.39–2.26, p < 0.001), a post in the afternoon (AOR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.34–2.31, p < 0.001) or in the evening (AOR: 1.48, 95% CI: 1.20–1.82, p < 0.001), and a video format (AOR: 3.74, 95% CI: 1.44–9.71, p = 0.007).Conclusion: We present the first comprehensive analysis of social media engagement and health communication analysis in Malaysia. The dynamic of health communication and rapid changes of health technology recently require health organizations to constantly upgrading their health promotion capacity and facilities. Therefore, they can effectively disseminate qualit y health information, achieving better audience engagement and subsequently improving health literacy among netizens on social media.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Supplementary Issue: 2019 Page: 32


2019 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 231 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohamad Riza ◽  
Andina Putri A

Objective: to compare the effect of administration of energy drinks and coffee on creatinine levels in rats.Methods: an experimental laboratory research using the post test only control group design. The study used 18 male white Sprague Dawley divided into three groups to receive one of the following treatments: 2 cc distilled water,0.072 g /2cc energy drinks and 0.9 g/cc of coffee for 14 days. The creatinine level was evaluated. Data were analyzed by One Way ANOVA test.Results: The mean creatinine level in the aquades group, energy drinks, coffee group was 0.708 mg/dl, 2.05 mg/dl 1.861 mg/dl, respectively. Post Hoc test the LSD test showed a significant difference among these groups (p <0.05).Conclusion: There was a significant different effect between 0.072 g / 2cc energy drinks and 0.9 g/cc coffee on creatinine levels in rat.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 03 No. 04 October’19 Page : 231-234


Author(s):  
Abdus Salam ◽  
Rabeya Yousuf ◽  
Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar

Multiple choice questions (MCQ) are the most widely used objective test items. Students often learn what we assess, and not what we teach, although teaching and assessment are the two sides of the same coin. So, assessment in medical education is very important to ensure that qualified competent doctors are being produced.A good test is the test that assesses higher level of thinking skills. Many inhouse MCQs are found faulty which assess lower level of thinking skills. The main problems in constructing good MCQs are that (i) very few faculty members have formal training in questions construction, (ii) most of the questions are prepared in the last minutes where little time exist for vetting to review the quality of questions and (iii) lack of promise on the standard of the question format and underestimation of the use of blueprint in medical schools. Constructing good MCQs, emphasis should be given that, the stem is meaningful and present a definite problem, it contains only relevant material and avoid negativity. It should be ensuring that, all options present as plausible, clear and concise, mutually exclusive, logical in order, free from clues and avoid ‘all of the above’ and ‘none of the above’. The MCQs can tests well any higher level of the cognitive domain, if it is constructed well. Efforts must be made to prepare and use of test blueprint as a guide to construct good MCQs. This paper describes and offers medical teachers a window to a comprehensive understanding of different types and aspects of MCQs and how to construct test blueprint and good MCQs that tests higher order thinking skills in the future medical graduates, thereby ensures competent doctors are being produced.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 04 No. 02 April’20 Page : 79-88


Author(s):  
Bushra Fatima ◽  
Ayesha Ahmad ◽  
Tamkin Khan ◽  
Rizwan Ahmad

Crigler-Najjar syndromes are rare, autosomal recessive disorders caused by mutations in the genes of bilirubin metabolism. The management of these pregnancies is controversial due to paucity of literature. We discuss here a successfully managed case of pregnancy with Crigler-Najjar Syndrome.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 04 No. 01 January’20 Page : 60-62


2018 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 161 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohd Shaiful Nizam Mamat ◽  
Rohaida Ibrahim ◽  
Baharudin Abdullah

Salivary gland stone (sialolithiasis) is most common disease of the salivary gland and mainly occur at the submandibular gland. Traditionally, sialolithiasis is removed via an extra-oral approach but the major disadvantages of this treatment include a risk of injuring the lingul nerve, marginal mandibular nerve and scar formation. In this case report, we revealed an even less invasive intraoral surgical technique for the removal of sialolith that does not affect the submandibular gland function with the preservation of lingual nerve. This report describes a patient who had unusual bilateral submandibular gland sialolith that posteriorly located,which successfully removed via intraoral approach without any postoperative complications.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 02 No. 03 July’18. Page : 161-163


Author(s):  
Ahmet Özdinç

Objective: Health Transformation Program (HTP) which is a health sector reform began in 2003 in Turkey has changed many parameters within the health sector. In the years when the reform was proposed, it can be said that most of the limitations of the health system are related to the insufficiency of resources and the inability to organize them properly. It is clear that the limitations of human resources, like all resources, bring out the justice problem in distribution. Justice requires fair participation to the resources that will be used in the field of health and fair, honest, and equal distribution of the allocated resource according to needs. Our study will evaluate the human resources policy of the Health Transformation Program in terms of need, equality, utilitarianism, and equity which are the sub-principles of justice.Materials and methods: This research is an example of retrospective study. The health justice principle has been tried to be tested as a new health policy, the Health Transformation Program, was declared in Turkey in 2003 by comparing human resources data between the beginning and end of the process up to 2013. The data acquired in our country will be compared with the data of the world and OECD countries before and after the program. Human resources data will be obtained from the Ministry of Health, State Planning Organization, WHO, WB and OECD.Results and discussion: As a result of the evaluations, it is observed that the principles of justice are generally pursued in the planning and implementation of the Health Transformation Program. On the other hand, it is possible for people to have access to health services according to their needs, as the program claims, by applying the need principle. However, the lack of tangible criteria to determine needs and the ambiguity of the definition of need delimitate the usage of this sub-principle of justice.Conclusion: It is difficult to fully observe the principle of justice in health policies. Fair planning human resources as well as physical resources is significant for both patients and health care workers themselves.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 04 No. 01 January’20 Page : 41-50


2019 ◽  
Vol 3 (3) ◽  
pp. 150 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mujeeb Hoosen

African plants have been used for medicinal purposes for many centuries. Many of these African medicinal plants are assumed to be safe but have yet to be scientifically validated. Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) is a commercialised South African tea recognised for its phytopharmaceutical potential. Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) has been gaining popularity globally for its health benefits and accepted as a nutraceutical due to the growing evidence of its efficacy. The bioactive constituents found in Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) have been reported to exert both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity however a few in vitro studies has suggested otherwise. Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) has shown to modify the actions of the immune system by influencing the regulation of messenger molecules like cytokines and nitric oxide however most of these studies have been conducted in vitro with a very few studies reaching in vivo application. Divergent in vitro cell models has shown to produce varying results regarding cytokine and nitric oxide NO activity of Aspalathus linearis (rooibos). This review highlights recent studies on the (NO) and cytokine activities of Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) both in vitro and in vivo. Most studies report on its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity however a few in vitro studies suggests opposite effects which should be considered for prolonged use especially when prescribed in a supplementation form. Many studies have looked at aspects of safety and toxicity of Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) however no complete toxicological studies have been done as yet.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 03 No. 03 July’19. Page: 150-157


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