Ushuluna: Jurnal Ilmu Ushuluddin
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Published By LP2M Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

2721-754x, 2460-9692

2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 209-222
Author(s):  
Lukita Fahriana ◽  
Lufaefi Lufaefi

Indonesia is a country that is inhabited by various religious adherents. Not a little diversity that led to conflicts. One of the factors arising from the conflict is because of the conversion of religions, especially if done by people of Islam who moved to other religion in overt. Conversion is seen as apostasy, the consequence of which is sin and must be killed. In the conversion of religion, change or is not merely due to matters of belief, or degrading religion, but many factors cause it, such as environmental factors, social relations, psychology, and even because the factor of Divine guidance. In a pluralistic society, the existence of religious conversion can glue brotherhood between religious communities. Therefore, the conversion of religion can shape one's thoughts to accept and appreciate the religion of others more openly in many perspectives.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 202-211
Author(s):  
Putri Adelia

There is an assumption that develops in society that according to religion women have no place in social life and women's role is limited only in the domestic sphere. The implication is that women are not allowed to take roles in the public sphere, such as being educated as equals to men, working outside the home, even taking part in political territory. One of the modern-day Muslim scholars who interpreted the verse as a limitation on women leaving the house was Abū al-A‘lā al-Maudūdī. The author is interested in further examining his interpretation because it is classified into modern commentators but some interpretations related to women seem to be gender biased. This paper will discuss al-Maudūdī's interpretation of the QS. Al-Aḥzāb: 33 this verse is said to be the initial foothold regarding perceptions of restrictions on the movement of women in the public sphere resulting from an understanding of the results of the interpretation of orders for women to always remain at home. Then examine how this interpretation affects women's political activities.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 164-183
Author(s):  
Misbahuddin Misbahuddin

The end-time traditions differ slightly from other traditions because they are predictive and cannot be ascertained when they occur. Themes related to end-time hadiths such as the appearance of al-Mahdi, the Antichrist, Jesus, and the Great War seized many Muslim scholars to interpret them. Sometimes, certain interpretations have tendencies that are biased. There are a lot of debates related to these traditions, for example, are the traditions of ahad and israiliyyat about the end of time accepted? Sunni clerics choose to use ahad and be careful in responding to israiliyyat. They also offer several stages in formulating it.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 184-201
Author(s):  
Rizki Ulfahadi ◽  
Reynaldi Adi Surya

Islamic Studies in the Western have different view and method from Eastern Islamic studies (such as Arab or Indonesia). The orientalists researched Islam through critical and historical views. One of the topics discussed in this paper is "Early Islam" or "Old Islam" problem, the origin of prophet Muhammad SAW, the origin of the word "Islam", and etc. We explain their opinions about Muslim scholars’ construction of the early Islam.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 202-208
Author(s):  
Ummi Kalsum Hasibuan ◽  
Sartika Suryadinata

This article explores the book of al-Sunnah Qabla al-Tadwīn by M. Ajjaj al-Khatib, an Islamic thinker who is an expert in the field of hadith science, coming from the city of Damascus. The purpose of this paper is to uncover, study and find out about the biography of M. Ajjaj al-Khatib and how systematic and fleeting about discussing the contents of the book al-Sunnah Qabla al-Tadwin then related to the rebuttal of Ajjaj al-Khatib sunnah. Then do not need attention about the advantages and disadvantages that exist in the book. The method used in this paper is a descriptive-text analysis method for the book as-Sunnah Qabla Tadwīn by using a supported book.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-21
Author(s):  
Reynaldi Adi Surya

Reason has an important and vital meaning in human life. It's not wrong if it says about what makes human survive and expand their culture along with their amazing civilization. in moslem, reason also recognized as one of god's greatest creation, but in moslem's intellectual tradition, scholars and highbrows argue about what mind actually means and the extent role of reason spiritually. Moslem philosophers and fuqaha ahl ra'y stick up with reason as the source of knowledge and references within life and religions problem, however hadith expert and the one who stick to literal tradition assume that mind's role is very limited in religions problem, some even think that reason is not permitted to play in religion realm. Up until this moment, classic debate about reason and human rational capability are still being debated, especially in religion realm. writer tried as much as possible to redescribe those controversy shortly in this article.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 62-74
Author(s):  
Achmad Baiquni

This paper discusses about al-Ḥawālah, namely the transfer of debt. This study has a very important purpose for the continuation of human interaction in daily life, it is very important for academics to learn about al-Ḥawālah studies in the Qur’an and Hadith, so that it can be used as a source of legal assistance for Muslims. The author can consider al-Ḥawālah, namely the transfer of debt from the debtor (al-mudīn) to others who are burdened with others with a kafālah that can only collect dependents in the hands of the guarantor (kāfil) without being moved, while the debt is still in the responsibility of al-mudīn.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 131-149
Author(s):  
Lilik Ummi Kaltsum

The Indonesian Parliament has passed the Pesantren Law. An important point of the Pesantren Law is the state's recognition of pesantren graduates, both formal and informal. Pesantren data from the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia is divided; 12,626 pesantren that focus on studying the Book (Yellow), and 15,109 pesantren who study the Book and other educational providers, with a total of 27,735 pesantren in Indonesia.In an Islamic boarding school, an ideological spirit will be found. The kyai will teach his chosen ideology to all students, both in attitude and speech, both in formal and informal learning. Scientific transformation as well as ideology will gradually form a santri figure similar to his kyai. And the pesantren culture continues to be rooted in obedience and loyalty between the kyai and santri. This situation led to the same spirit. This paper will photograph pesantren in packaging certain ideologies. What is the argument for choosing ideology? How do you socialize it?


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 94-110
Author(s):  
Zaimul Asror

This paper discusses the characteristics, and methods of interpretation of Tarjumān al-Mustafīd. Using the descriptive-analytic method, the study answers the question of how are the characteristics of Tarjumān al-Mustafīd, written by ‘Abd al-Ra’ūf? The writer finds that although the author of this tafsir had served as a mufti during the reign of the Sulṭānah Safiat al-Dīn Tāj al-ʻAlām (1641-1675), but — as far as the writer could observe, no political influence was found in this book of commentary. Moreover, although ‘Abd al-Rā'uf was a mursyīd of the Syattariyah tariqah, he did not give much nuance to his book of tafsir. At the same time, this finding rejects the assumption that Tarjumān al-Mustafīd can be characterized to have sufi nuances in it.


2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 35-46
Author(s):  
Rohmatul Maulidiana Aulia

The main problem discussed in this paper is Islamic Renewal by the Modern Muslim  movement.  This  movement  is  a  response  to  the  reality  of  Muslims  who contradict the understanding of ijtihad Modern Muslims. Under the pretext of enforcing the authority of the Qur'an and sunna consequently so that Muslims can practice and re-live the pure teachings of Islam and revive the spirit of ijtihad and leave the habit of taklid. This paper discusses the understanding of al-Rujū 'ila al-Qur'an wa al-Sunnah, especially by modernists. This paper will describe analytically and critically explore the modernist view of the principle of al-Rujū 'ila al-Qur'an wa al-Sunnah.


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