Abelian Groups
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 149-159
Author(s):  
T.O. Banakh ◽  
V.M. Gavrylkiv

A subset $B$ of a group $G$ is called a basis of $G$ if each element $g\in G$ can be written as $g=ab$ for some elements $a,b\in B$. The smallest cardinality $|B|$ of a basis $B\subseteq G$ is called the basis size of $G$ and is denoted by $r[G]$. We prove that each finite group $G$ has $r[G]>\sqrt{|G|}$. If $G$ is Abelian, then $r[G]\ge \sqrt{2|G|-|G|/|G_2|}$, where $G_2=\{g\in G:g^{-1} = g\}$. Also we calculate the basis sizes of all Abelian groups of order $\le 60$ and all non-Abelian groups of order $\le 40$.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Robersy Sanchez ◽  
Jesus Barreto

Experimental studies reveal that genome architecture splits into natural domains suggesting a well-structured genomic architecture, where, for each species, genome populations are integrated by individual mutational variants. Herein, we show that the architecture of population genomes from the same or closed related species can be quantitatively represented in terms of the direct sum of homocyclic abelian groups defined on the genetic code, where populations from the same species lead to the same canonical decomposition into p -groups.  This finding unveils a new ground for the application of the abelian group theory to genomics and epigenomics, opening new horizons for the study of the biological processes (at genomic scale) and provides new lens for genomic medicine.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
Author(s):  
Pavol Jan Zlatos

Using the ideas of E. I. Gordon we present and farther advancean approach, based on nonstandard analysis, to simultaneousapproximations of locally compact abelian groups and their dualsby (hyper)finite abelian groups, as well as to approximations ofvarious types of Fourier transforms on them by the discrete Fouriertransform. Combining some methods of nonstandard analysis andadditive combinatorics we prove the three Gordon's Conjectureswhich were open since 1991 and are crucial both in the formulationsand proofs of the LCA groups and Fourier transform approximationtheorems


2021 ◽  
Vol 297 ◽  
pp. 107703
Author(s):  
Matheus Koveroff Bellini ◽  
Ana Carolina Boero ◽  
Vinicius de Oliveira Rodrigues ◽  
Artur Hideyuki Tomita

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-36
Author(s):  
ARIE LEVIT ◽  
ALEXANDER LUBOTZKY

Abstract We prove that all invariant random subgroups of the lamplighter group L are co-sofic. It follows that L is permutation stable, providing an example of an infinitely presented such group. Our proof applies more generally to all permutational wreath products of finitely generated abelian groups. We rely on the pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable groups.


Author(s):  
Bodan Arsovski

Abstract Extending a result by Alon, Linial, and Meshulam to abelian groups, we prove that if G is a finite abelian group of exponent m and S is a sequence of elements of G such that any subsequence of S consisting of at least $$|S| - m\ln |G|$$ elements generates G, then S is an additive basis of G . We also prove that the additive span of any l generating sets of G contains a coset of a subgroup of size at least $$|G{|^{1 - c{ \in ^l}}}$$ for certain c=c(m) and $$ \in = \in (m) < 1$$ ; we use the probabilistic method to give sharper values of c(m) and $$ \in (m)$$ in the case when G is a vector space; and we give new proofs of related known results.


Author(s):  
Nan Jia ◽  
Yaping Mao ◽  
Zhao Wang ◽  
Eddie Cheng
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