The Future
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(FIVE YEARS 107723)



2021 ◽  

This book presents the current state of knowledge in the vibrant and diverse field of vocabulary studies, summarising the latest empirical studies and providing a firm indication of the future of the field. The chapters cover the key themes of theorizing and measuring vocabulary knowledge, formulaic language, and learning and teaching vocabulary.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Leanne Jackson ◽  
Leonardo De Pascalis ◽  
Joanne A. Harrold ◽  
Victoria Fallon ◽  
Sergio A. Silverio

Abstract Background COVID-19 has placed additional stressors on mothers during an already vulnerable lifecourse transition. Initial social distancing restrictions (Timepoint 1; T1) and initial changes to those social distancing restrictions (Timepoint 2; T2) have disrupted postpartum access to practical and emotional support. This qualitative study explores the postpartum psychological experiences of UK women during different phases of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated ‘lockdowns’. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 women, approximately 30 days after initial social distancing guidelines were imposed in the UK (22 April 2020). A separate 12 women were interviewed approximately 30 days after the initial easing of social distancing restrictions (10 June 2020). Data were transcribed verbatim, uploaded into NVivo for management and analysis, which followed a recurrent cross-sectional approach to thematic analysis. Results Two main themes were identified for T1: ‘Motherhood is Much Like Lockdown’ and ‘A Self-Contained Family Unit’. Each main T1 theme contained two sub-themes. Two main themes were also identified for T2: ‘Incongruously Held Views of COVID-19’ and ‘Mothering Amidst the Pandemic’. Each main T2 theme contained three sub-themes. Comparisons between data gathered at each timepoint identified increased emotional distress over time. Current findings call for the improvement of postpartum care by improving accessibility to social support, and prioritising the re-opening of schools, and face-to-face healthcare appointments and visitation. Conclusion Social distancing restrictions associated with COVID-19 have had a cumulative, negative effect on postpartum mental health. Recommendations such as: Allowing mothers to ‘bubble’ with a primary support provider even at their healthcare appointments; allowing one support partner to attend all necessary healthcare appointments; and providing tailored informational resources, may help to support postpartum emotional wellbeing during this, and similar health crises in the future.

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 629-654
Kai Cheang

Abstract This essay argues that the queer figure of the child that crops up curiously in (post–)Umbrella Movement Hong Kong is a defining political signifier for characterizing the city's youthful protesters and imagining alternative futures for Hong Kong. In many mainland Chinese media outlets, the youthfulness of the Hong Kong demonstrators is often emphasized to critique their fixation on the Western ideology of democracy. For the young resisters and their sympathizers, childishness connotes a different script of identity: it entails a narrative of temporal suspension in the face of assimilation into a Chinese homogeneity. By, for example, comparing the political star Joshua Wong to Peter Pan, who refuses to grow up, or by assigning uniform-wearing grade-school students the role of “the keepers of the Umbrella Movement,” prodemocratic cultural narratives keep alive the possibility of a political alterity that resists the neoliberal, temporal mandates of Hong Kong's government and mainland China. Theorizing that possibility in the context of temporal, queer, children's, and postcolonial studies, this essay contends that the future of resistance in Hong Kong will follow a lateral horizon, a sideways course that will put minor dissenters into new and nonheteropatriarchal relations with the existing order of the city.

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (5) ◽  
pp. 4-6
Rodolphe Sepulchre

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Hiluf Reda ◽  
Akshay Dvivedi

PurposeThis research aims to improve the performance and productivity of low-level technology organizations using lean tools – value stream mapping (VSM). In order to investigate the application of VSM in low-level technology organizations, this study takes footwear manufacturing organizations as a case study.Design/methodology/approachIdentifying a suitable organization was the first step for conducting the case study, followed by product family identification. Time and motion studies are used to determine the cycle time and identify the value-adding and non-value-adding activities, respectively. After making necessary observations and calculations, the current state map was developed. Different improvement proposals were identified, and the future state map was constructed.FindingsAs a result, 56.3% cycle time reduction and 69.7% reduction in lead time were obtained, confirming its application in low-level technology organizations to improve their performance and productivity. This promising result indicates that a significant improvement can be achieved if VSM is applied in low-level organizations other than footwear industries, such as the clothing and furniture industries. Speed is investigated to be one of the parameters in motion study.Research limitations/implicationsThis study focuses on low-level technology organizations, specifically leather shoe manufacturing industries. But experiences gained from implementing this study are realistic and applicable in similar organizations.Practical implicationsPerformance and productivity improvement are critical issues to be addressed in low-level technology organizations, especially in the leather footwear manufacturing sector. This can be achieved through VSM by identifying and removing the wastes. VSM can be applied to low-level organizations as well. VSM is a powerful tool that helps managers and practitioners in identifying wastes and opportunities for improvement.Originality/valueThe paper addresses applicability of VSM in the production process of low-level technology organizations with an original industrial case study in Ethiopia.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Cristina Moral Santaella

PurposeThe purpose of this article is to present the results obtained from the investigations that have been carried out within the International Successful School Principalship Project (ISSPP) project in the Spanish for social justice.Design/methodology/approachTwelve case studies have been carried out within the three lines of research proposed by ISSPP: successful principals, underperforming principals and principal leadership identity. All but one school were in challenging contexts. The methodological approach followed is based on multiple perspective case studies using a mixture of qualitative methods (interviews, focus groups and observations).FindingsResults show that successful principals not only believe in social justice through simple empathy with the concept of social justice, but also use strategies that combine transformational and instructional leadership processes and manage to reverse the bad situation of their disadvantaged schools, seeking excellence from equity. The leadership identity of successful principals is characterized to look to the future with hope, adopting a realistic utopian attitude to interpret their surrounding reality.Originality/valueFrom the case studies carried out, valuable information is obtained, which helps to understand the possibilities of implementing the ISSPP successful school leadership model in heterogeneous and disadvantaged context for equity and social justice.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Wang Zhizhong ◽  
Han Chao ◽  
Guosheng Huang ◽  
Han Bin ◽  
Han Bin

Purpose The deposition of particles onto a substrate during the cold spraying (CS) process relies on severe plastic deformation, so there are various micro-defects induced by insufficient deformation and severe crushing. To solve the problems, many post-treat techniques have been used to improving the quality by eliminating the micro-defects. This paper aims to help scholars and engineers in this field a better and systematic understand of CS technology by summarizing the post-treatment technologies that have been investigated recently years. Design/methodology/approach This review summarizes the types of micro-defects and introduces the effect of micro-defects on the properties of CS coating/additive manufactured, illustrates the post-treatment technologies and its effect on the microstructure and performances, and finally outlooks the future development trends of post-treatments for CS. Findings There are significant discoveries in post-treatment technology to change the performance of cold spray deposits. There are also many limitations for post-treatment methods, including improved performance and limitations of use. Thus, there is still a strong requirement for further improvement. Hybrid post-treatment may be a more ideal method, as it can eliminate more defects than a single method. The proposed ultrasonic impact treatment could be an alternative method, as it can densify and flatten the CS deposits. Originality/value It is the first time to reveal the influence factors on the performances of CS deposits from the perspective of microdefects, and proposed corresponding well targeted post-treatment methods, which is more instructive for improving the performances of CS deposits.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-19
Chia-Mei Chen ◽  
Zheng-Xun Cai ◽  
Dan-Wei (Marian) Wen

The rapid development of cross-border e-commerce over the past decade has accelerated the integration of the global economy. At the same time, cross-border e-commerce has increased the prevalence of cybercrime, and the future success of e-commerce depends on enhanced online privacy and security. However, investigating security incidents is time- and cost-intensive as identifying telltale anomalies and the source of attacks requires the use of multiple forensic tools and technologies and security domain knowledge. Prompt responses to cyber-attacks are important to reduce damage and loss and to improve the security of cross-border e-commerce. This article proposes a digital forensic model for first incident responders to identify suspicious system behaviors. A prototype system is developed and evaluated by incident response handlers. The model and system are proven to help reduce time and effort in investigating cyberattacks. The proposed model is expected to enhance security incident handling efficiency for cross-border e-commerce.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Lei Han ◽  
Lei Yang

With the large-scale genome-wide sequencing, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to compose of a large portion of the human transcriptome. Recent studies demonstrated the multidimensional functions of lncRNAs in heart development and disease. The subcellular localization of lncRNA is considered as a key factor that determines lncRNA function. Cytosolic lncRNAs mainly regulate mRNA stability, mRNA translation, miRNA processing and function, whereas nuclear lncRNAs epigenetically regulate chromatin remodeling, structure, and gene transcription. In this review, we summarize the molecular mechanisms of cytosolic and nuclear lncRNAs in heart development and disease separately, and emphasize the recent progress to dictate the crosstalk of cytosolic and nuclear lncRNAs in orchestrating the same biological process. Given the low evolutionary conservation of most lncRNAs, deeper understanding of human lncRNA will uncover a new layer of human regulatory mechanism underlying heart development and disease, and benefit the future clinical treatment for human heart disease.

Dr. Anupam Karmakar

Organizations have already gone through a major digital transformation with the advent of the internet before. For many years they are incorporating technology in almost every aspect. The outbreak of global pandemic COVID-19 in the year 2020, which again disturbed the equilibrium, and forced the semi-automated and semi-digital legacy system-oriented organizations to shift radically towards digital transformation. In this paper, three major sectors have been covered– healthcare, financial services, and education which have undergone digital revolution effectively due to this pandemic. Digital Revolution has replaced or removed old ways of operations in those sectors and helped to reduce redundancies and waste of resources of any kind. Companies also face tremendous challenges regarding the adaptation of everything digital. The objectives of this paper are – to examine the impact of Digital shift in those sectors due to the COVID-19 pandemic and to predict the future prospect of the business with the current rate of incorporation with digital technology in these sectors, how managerial approaches when it comes to management functions like cost-effectiveness, leadership style, learning experiences have evolved to facilitate and incorporate this technology shift effectively. This research paper also studies the roadblocks faced by the organization on the way of digital transformation.

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