Bobath in Brazil: what is the best study design for intervention for children with cerebral palsy?

Cláudia R M Alcântara de Torre
2010 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 12-20 ◽  
Guro Andersen ◽  
Tone R. Mjøen ◽  
Torstein Vik

Abstract This study describes the prevalence of speech problems and the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Norway. Information on the communicative abilities of 564 children with CP born 1996–2003, recorded in the Norwegian CP Registry, was collected. A total of 270 children (48%) had normal speech, 90 (16%) had slightly indistinct speech, 52 (9%) had indistinct speech, 35 (6%) had very indistinct speech, 110 children (19%) had no speech, and 7 (1%) were unknown. Speech problems were most common in children with dyskinetic CP (92 %), in children with the most severe gross motor function impairments and among children being totally dependent on assistance in feeding or tube-fed children. A higher proportion of children born at term had speech problems when compared with children born before 32 weeks of gestational age 32 (p > 0.001). Among the 197 children with speech problems only, 106 (54%) used AAC in some form. Approximately 20% of children had no verbal speech, whereas ~15% had significant speech problems. Among children with either significant speech problems or no speech, only 54% used AAC in any form.

Firas Massaad ◽  
Frédéric Dierick ◽  
Adélaïde van den Hecke ◽  
Christine Detrembleur

2006 ◽  
Vol 48 (09) ◽  
pp. 713 ◽  
Mario C Petersen ◽  
Satish Kedia ◽  
Pam Davis ◽  
Lisa Newman ◽  
Carrie Temple

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