scholarly journals Impact of hybrid FACTS devices on the stability of the Kenyan power system

Mutegi Mbae ◽  
Nnamdi Nwulu

<p>Flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices are deployed for improving power system’s stability either singly or as a combination. This research investigates hybrid FACTS devices and studies their impact on voltage, small-signal and transient stability simultaneously under various system disturbances. The simulations were done using five FACTS devices-static var compensator (SVC), static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), static synchronous series compensators (SSSC), thyristor controlled series compensator (TCSC) and unified power flow controller (UPFC) in MATLAB’s power system analysis toolbox (PSAT). These five devices were grouped into ten pairs and tested on Kenya’s transmission network under specific contingencies: the loss of a major generating machine and/or transmission line. The UPFC-STATCOM pair performed the best in all the three aspects under study. The settling times were 3 seconds and 3.05 seconds respectively for voltage and rotor angle improvement on the loss of a major generator at normal operation. The same pair gave settling times of 2.11 seconds and 3.12 seconds for voltage and rotor angle stability improvement respectively on the loss of a major transmission line at 140% system loading. From the study, two novel techniques were developed: A performance-based ranking system and classification for FACTS devices.</p>

2013 ◽  
Vol 433-435 ◽  
pp. 1320-1324
Wei Zheng ◽  
Shi Qun Li ◽  
Yong Zhi ◽  
Run Qing Bai ◽  
Chen Liang ◽  

Recently, the static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) device has been installed in Jiuquan wind farm in Gansu Province. To study its ability to support voltage, this paper presents a study of the mathematical model of the steady state and transient state of STATCOM and then uses the power system analysis software package (PSASP) to establish a user-defined model of STATCOM. In addition, the model is added into the power system example (CEPRI 7). After that, the power flow calculation and transient stability calculation are carried out to simulate and analyze. At last the STATCOM device is field tested in Jiuquan wind power base. Test results verify that STATCOM effectively supports the grid voltage.

Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) devices are integrated into power system networks to control power flow, increase transmission line capability to its thermal limit, and improve the security of transmission systems. Power flow is an important mathematical calculation for planning, operation, and control of power systems network. The focus of the chapter is to explore how to modify Newton-Raphson power flow method to include various FACTS devices such as static VAR compensator (SVC), static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), static synchronous series compensator (SSSC), thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC), thyristor-controlled phase shifter (TCPS), unified power flow controller (UPFC) controllers. This chapter briefly describes the power flow equations of the aforesaid FACTS-based power system network, and how the conventional power flow calculation is systematically extended to include these controllers is also been discussed.

2013 ◽  
Vol 385-386 ◽  
pp. 1078-1081 ◽  
Fang Zhang ◽  
Jian Ping Chen ◽  
Chuan Dong Li ◽  
Yan Juan Wu

The main objective of power flow control for unified power flow controller (UPFC) is to increase the transmission capacity over the existing transmission corridor or line. This paper presents a practical engineering methodology of embedding the power flow control model of UPFC into the commercial software -- power system analysis software package (PSASP) based on its user program interface (UPI) function. In the proposed methodology, the interface currents of UPFC series side and UPFC shunt side between the UPFC device and the network are used to control the transmission line power flow and UPFC bus voltage, respectively. In UPFC series side, the current of UPFC series branch is calculated from the power target equation of the controlled line. In UPFC shunt side, the shunt reactive current of UPFC is used to control the bus voltage. Simulation results on a practical power system show that the proposed methodology can be efficiently applied to the engineering research and analysis of the real power grid with UPFC with good convergence and only one control parameter needed to be prescribed.

2017 ◽  
Vol 7 (3) ◽  
pp. 1588-1594
Μ. Μ. Alomari ◽  
M. S. Widyan ◽  
M. Abdul-Niby ◽  
A. Gheitasi

The use of a unified power flow controller (UPFC) to control the bifurcations of a subsynchronous resonance (SSR) in a multi-machine power system is introduced in this study. UPFC is one of the flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) where a voltage source converter (VSC) is used based on gate-turn-off (GTO) thyristor valve technology. Furthermore, UPFC can be used as a stabilizer by means of a power system stabilizer (PSS). The considered system is a modified version of the second system of the IEEE second benchmark model of subsynchronous resonance where the UPFC is added to its transmission line. The dynamic effects of the machine components on SSR are considered. Time domain simulations based on the complete nonlinear dynamical mathematical model are used for numerical simulations. The results in case of including UPFC are compared to the case where the transmission line is conventionally compensated (without UPFC) where two Hopf bifurcations are predicted with unstable operating point at wide range of compensation levels. For UPFC systems, it is worth to mention that the operating point of the system never loses stability at all realistic compensation degrees and therefore all power system bifurcations have been eliminated.

Zaira Anwar ◽  
Tahir Nadeem Malik ◽  
Tahir Abbas

TL (Transmission Line) congestion is a key factor that affects the power system operational cost. In addition of renewable generation in National Grid of Pakistan, transmission line congestion are frequent. Consequently, the network in this particular region faces severe congestion and dynamic stability problems. It has been planned that renewable plants shaved to curtail some available generation to minimize this inevitable congestion. However, one of the cost-efficient solutions to this problem is series compensation of lines using TCSC (Thyristor Controlled Series Compensation). It significantly increases the transfer capability of existing power transmission and enhances the dynamic stability of system at a lower cost, and has shorter installation time as compared to the construction of new TLs. This paper deals with the dynamic modeling of a TCSC in the NTDC (National Transmission and Dispatch Company) network with its applications to alleviate congestion during fault conditions. This study has been carried out using simulation software PSS/E (Power System Simulator for Engineers) which does not have a predefined dynamic model for TCSC, this leads to the necessity of creating a user defined model. The model of TCSC has been programmed in FORTRAN and compiled along with existing dynamic models of network components. The results indicate that power flow and dynamic stability of network is enhanced

Mahmood Khalid Zarkani ◽  
Ahmed Sahib Tukkee ◽  
Mohammed Jasim Alali

<p>The rapid and enormous growths of the power electronics industries have made the flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices efficient and viable for utility application to increase power system operation controllability as well as flexibility. This research work presents the application of an evolutionary algorithm namely differential evolution (DE) approach to optimize the location and size of three main types of FACTS devices in order to minimize the power system losses as well as improving the network voltage profile. The utilized system has been reactively loaded beginning from the base to 150% and the system performance is analyzed with and without FACTS devices in order to confirm its importance within the power system. Thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC), unified power flow controller (UPFC) and static var compensator (SVC) are used in this research work to monitor the active and reactive power of the carried out system. The adopted algorithm has been examined on IEEE 30-bus test system. The obtained research findings are given with appropriate discussion and considered as quite encouraging that will be valuable in electrical grid restructuring.</p>

Elutunji Buraimoh ◽  
Funso Kehinde Ariyo ◽  
Micheal Omoigui ◽  
Innocent Ewaen Davidson

Electrical power systems are often required to operate at full loading capacity due to ever increasing demand and transmission line contingencies with limited grid expansion. This results in line overload and operating near system limit, thereby threatening system security. Utilization of existing system can be achieved using Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices without violating system limits. This research investigation involves static security assessment of a modelled IEEE 30-bus test system in MATLAB/SIMULINK/PSAT environment. The security status with the incorporation of combined Static Var Compensator (SVC), Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC) and Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC) were determined. Prior to this, Contingency Severity Index (CSI) based on Performance Index (PI) of Voltage and Active Power was employed to determine the optimal location of the FACTS devices. Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) was applied to determine the optimal sizing/percentage compensation of FACTS. Subsequently, power system with and without the incorporation of FACTS devices were modelled. The ability of the compensated system to withstand credible transmission line contingencies without violating the normal operating limits (bus voltage and line thermal) was examined and presented. The paper presents how combined SVC/TCSC and an IPFC aided the power system to boost its steady state security in the face of possible line contingencies.

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