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New Astronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 92 ◽  
pp. 101720
Ki-Beom Kim ◽  
Heon-Young Chang

2022 ◽  
Vol 63 (1) ◽  
pp. 1.24-1.29
Megan Briers ◽  
Mixie Billina ◽  
Deborah Kent
The Sun ◽  

Abstract The total eclipse of the Sun on 12 December 1871 offered a timely test of new astrophysical methods – and a priceless opportunity for one Indian astronomer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (63) ◽  
pp. 1-18
zahra hedjazizadeh ◽  
Aras Khosravi ◽  
Seyed Asaad Hosseini ◽  
Alireza Rahimi ◽  

HortScience ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 57 (2) ◽  
pp. 236-238
Jules Janick ◽  
Harry Paris

In the first century CE, two Roman agricultural writers, Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella and Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder), referred to proto-greenhouses (specularia) constructed for the Emperor Tiberius (42 BCE–37 CE) presumably adjacent to his palace, the Villa Jovis on the Isle of Capri. Pliny stated in Historia Naturalis (Book 19, 23:64) that the specularia consisted of beds mounted on wheels that were moved into the sun, and on wintry days withdrawn under the cover of frames glazed with transparent stone (lapis specularis) to provide fruits of cucumis. According to Pliny, this was “a delicacy for which the Emperor Tiberius, had a remarkable partiality; in fact there was never a day on which he was not supplied it.” The cucumis fruits described by Columella and Pliny, long mistranslated as cucumbers, Cucumis sativus, were in fact long-fruited melons, Cucumis melo subsp. melo Flexuosus Group. They are known today as vegetable melons, snake melons, and faqqous, and were highly esteemed in Rome and ancient Israel.

10.1142/12507 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Sperello di Serego Alighieri ◽  
Massimo Capaccioli

2022 ◽  
pp. 168-185
T. H. M. Gellar-Goad

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 377
Norma Camilla Baratta ◽  
Giulio Magli ◽  
Arianna Picotti

The Kofun period of the history of Japan—between the 3rd and the 7th century AD—bears its name from the construction of huge, earth mound tombs called Kofun. Among them, the largest have a keyhole shape and are attributed to the first, semi-legendary emperors. The study of the orientation of ancient tombs is usually a powerful tool to better understand the cognitive aspects of religion and power in ancient societies. This study has never been carried out in Japan due to the very large number of Kofun and to the fact that access to the perimeter is usually forbidden. For these reasons, to investigate Kofun orientations, simple tools of satellite imagery are used here. Our results strongly point to a connection of all Kofun entrance corridors with the arc of the sky where the Sun and the Moon are visible every day of the year; additionally, these show an orientation of the keyhole Kofun to the arc of the rising/shining Sun, the goddess that the Japanese emperors put at the mythical origin of their dynasty.

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