Mathematische Annalen
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Published By Springer-Verlag

1432-1807, 0025-5831

Fuensanta Aroca ◽  
Julie Decaup ◽  
Guillaume Rond

Fabrizio Andreatta

AbstractConsider a Shimura variety of Hodge type admitting a smooth integral model S at an odd prime $$p\ge 5$$ p ≥ 5 . Consider its perfectoid cover $$S^{\text {ad}}(p^\infty )$$ S ad ( p ∞ ) and the Hodge–Tate period map introduced by Caraiani and Scholze. We compare the pull-back to $$S^{\text {ad}}(p^\infty )$$ S ad ( p ∞ ) of the Ekedahl–Oort stratification on the mod p special fiber of a toroidal compactification of S and the pull back to $$S^\text {ad}(p^\infty )$$ S ad ( p ∞ ) of the fine Deligne–Lusztig stratification on the mod p special fiber of the flag variety which is the target of the Hodge–Tate period map. An application to the non-emptiness of Ekedhal–Oort strata is provided.

Peter Feller ◽  
Lukas Lewark ◽  
Andrew Lobb

AbstractWe prove that any link admitting a diagram with a single negative crossing is strongly quasipositive. This answers a question of Stoimenow’s in the (strong) positive. As a second main result, we give a simple and complete characterization of link diagrams with quasipositive canonical surface (the surface produced by Seifert’s algorithm). As applications, we determine which prime knots up to 13 crossings are strongly quasipositive, and we confirm the following conjecture for knots that have a canonical surface realizing their genus: a knot is strongly quasipositive if and only if the Bennequin inequality is an equality.

Ruadhaí Dervan ◽  
Eveline Legendre

AbstractFujita and Li have given a characterisation of K-stability of a Fano variety in terms of quantities associated to valuations, which has been essential to all recent progress in the area. We introduce a notion of valuative stability for arbitrary polarised varieties, and show that it is equivalent to K-stability with respect to test configurations with integral central fibre. The numerical invariant governing valuative stability is modelled on Fujita’s $$\beta $$ β -invariant, but includes a term involving the derivative of the volume. We give several examples of valuatively stable and unstable varieties, including the toric case. We also discuss the role that the $$\delta $$ δ -invariant plays in the study of valuative stability and K-stability of polarised varieties.

Frederic Weber ◽  
Rico Zacher

AbstractWe establish a reduction principle to derive Li–Yau inequalities for non-local diffusion problems in a very general framework, which covers both the discrete and continuous setting. Our approach is not based on curvature-dimension inequalities but on heat kernel representations of the solutions and consists in reducing the problem to the heat kernel. As an important application we solve a long-standing open problem by obtaining a Li–Yau inequality for positive solutions u to the fractional (in space) heat equation of the form $$(-\Delta )^{\beta /2}(\log u)\le C/t$$ ( - Δ ) β / 2 ( log u ) ≤ C / t , where $$\beta \in (0,2)$$ β ∈ ( 0 , 2 ) . We also show that this Li–Yau inequality allows to derive a Harnack inequality. We further illustrate our general result with an example in the discrete setting by proving a sharp Li–Yau inequality for diffusion on a complete graph.

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