scholarly journals Solar photovoltaic technology in isolated rural communities in Latin America and the Caribbean

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 1238-1248
Bárbara Liz Miravet-Sánchez ◽  
Alberto E. García-Rivero ◽  
Ricardo A. Yuli-Posadas ◽  
Luis Alberto Inostroza-Ruiz ◽  
Victor Fernández-Guzmán ◽  
Constanza Gutiérrez-Gómez

Abstract The livestock sector faces an important challenge in the medium and long term since it must satisfy an increasing demand for animal products as a result of the increase in population and the world economy but safeguarding natural resources and at the same time minimizing the environmental contamination, especially the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions attributed to livestock husbandry. For Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), this becomes more relevant given the importance of the sector for the food security of rural communities, particularly for small-scale producers. In this manuscript, we address the main challenges of LAC in this context, from a global perspective that includes the demographic, economic, cultural, and environmental effects. The biggest global challenge for the LAC livestock sector for the coming decades is how to satisfy the growing human demand for animal protein in a sustainable way maintaining the food security of their communities. The efforts to achieve these goals require focusing on improving the efficiency of both animal husbandry and production systems. Therefore, it is necessary to implement technologies of sustainable intensification and it is urgent that those who make political decisions become aware of these issues.

2014 ◽  
Vol 60 (No. 4) ◽  
pp. 159-173 ◽  
K. Janda ◽  
P. Zetek

Agricultural output in developing countries still represents a substantial part of the GDP. This ratio has actually increased in some areas such as the Latin America. As such, there is an increasing importance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) focusing on the activities associated with agriculture and encouraging entrepreneurship in agriculture and in the rural communities in general. The contribution of microfinance institutions consists mainly in providing special-purpose loans, usually without collateral. However, questions exist as to the magnitude and the adequate level of risk of providing micro-credit loans in relation to the interest rates being charged. We review two main approaches to setting interest rates in the MFIs. One approach takes the view that interest rates should be set at a high level due to the excessive risk that these institutions undertake. The second approach is to convince the public of the possibility of reducing these rates through cost savings, increased efficiency, and sharing best practice, etc. Subsequently we econometrically analyse the impact of macroeconomic factors on the microfinance interest rates in Latin America and the Caribbean. We show that these results depend on the chosen indicator of interest rate.    

Glafiro Torres-Hernández ◽  
Jorge Alonso Maldonado-Jáquez ◽  
Lorenzo Danilo Granados-Rivera ◽  
Maria Wurzinger ◽  
Alvar Alonso Cruz-Tamayo

2020 ◽  
Enrique Chueca Montuenga ◽  
Mariana Weiss ◽  
Rogelio Celaya ◽  
Mauricio Tolmasquim ◽  
Michelle Hallack

Latin America and the Caribbean during the past decade have exponentially expanded their solar installed capacity, with a special emphasis on the rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in the households. These are potential results of incentive policies and regulatory instruments implemented in those countries to foster solar distributed generation. However, with the perspective of massive adoption of solar rooftop systems, the reinforcement of socioeconomic inequalities has been cited as a possible outcome of the current incentive policies. To improve and redesign policies in order to avoid this of distortions it is important to understand who the adopters are under the current institutional framework are and how the adoption of solar is taking place. This empirical analysis is presents evidence to look into whether the incentive policies ensure that solar generation can be adopted by many households and avoid being concentrated in a few early adopters of the technology. With this purpose it seeks to identify (i) the geospatial distribution of solar and (ii) how has the solar situation evolved since regulators permitted these installations in Mexico, Chile, and Brazil using socioeconomic data, electricity pricing, and the complete geolocated census of PV installations in these countries.

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