Sustainable Development
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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Enrico Guarini ◽  
Elisa Mori ◽  
Elena Zuffada

PurposeThis article investigates how Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be integrated into the strategic planning and management processes of local governments (LGs). It draws from the classic strategic planning and control framework developed in management studies and elaborates some propositions for adapting, implementing and monitoring the SDGs at the city level.Design/methodology/approachAs a first step in the assessment of the ways the principles of sustainable development can be integrated into LG management, this research scrutinizes the incorporation of sustainability goals in the strategic plans of all medium-to-large capital cities of provinces in Italy, a context in which there has been a National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD) since 2016.FindingsThe focus on SDGs at the LG level in Italy is in its initial stage, and few capital cities have started to integrate sustainable development concerns into their comprehensive strategic plans. SDGs are used mainly as a reference framework in the strategic plans to demonstrate the contribution of LG strategies to global concerns on sustainable development.Practical implicationsThe paper offers insights for political leaders and public managers to rethink their strategic management systems, including the continuous process of evaluating and updating of strategic plans, in accordance with the multidimensional perspective of sustainability. To this end, the study has identified possible patterns of actions that public managers elsewhere will find useful.Originality/valueThe managerial approach behind the proposed conceptual framework might contribute to effectively localize the SDGs in multilevel government settings and to integrate the concept of sustainability as a guiding principle into organizational routines.


Auditor ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 40-45
Author(s):  
Nataliya Kazakova ◽  
Lyudmila Permitina

The article proposes the author’s two-level methodology of on-farm control based on the concept of sustainable development, which has practical significance and allows solving the problem of control, optimization of costs and production costs both at the pre-production stage and in the production process with an emphasis on control procedures for three types of costs: economic, environmental and social.


The book was the result of the 3rd All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference “Population social dynamics and sustainable development” held on December 1 st, 2020 at the Lomonosov MSU, Faculty of Sociology and includes theses of the event participants. Texts are published in the author's edition, the opinion of the Organizing Committee may not correspond with authors' position. The publication is meant for sociologists - scientists and practitioners, as well as all those interested in modern socio-demographic problems presented in the frame - work of this event.


Area ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Laura De Vito ◽  
Chad Staddon ◽  
Adriana A. Zuniga‐Teran ◽  
Andrea K. Gerlak ◽  
Yolandi Schoema ◽  
...  

Nature ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 598 (7882) ◽  
pp. 611-617
Author(s):  
Jackson Lord ◽  
Ashley Thomas ◽  
Neil Treat ◽  
Matthew Forkin ◽  
Robert Bain ◽  
...  

AbstractAccess to safely managed drinking water (SMDW) remains a global challenge, and affects 2.2 billion people1,2. Solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting (AWH) devices with continuous cycling may accelerate progress by enabling decentralized extraction of water from air3–6, but low specific yields (SY) and low daytime relative humidity (RH) have raised questions about their performance (in litres of water output per day)7–11. However, to our knowledge, no analysis has mapped the global potential of AWH12 despite favourable conditions in tropical regions, where two-thirds of people without SMDW live2. Here we show that AWH could provide SMDW for a billion people. Our assessment—using Google Earth Engine13—introduces a hypothetical 1-metre-square device with a SY profile of 0.2 to 2.5 litres per kilowatt-hour (0.1 to 1.25 litres per kilowatt-hour for a 2-metre-square device) at 30% to 90% RH, respectively. Such a device could meet a target average daily drinking water requirement of 5 litres per day per person14. We plot the impact potential of existing devices and new sorbent classes, which suggests that these targets could be met with continued technological development, and well within thermodynamic limits. Indeed, these performance targets have been achieved experimentally in demonstrations of sorbent materials15–17. Our tools can inform design trade-offs for atmospheric water harvesting devices that maximize global impact, alongside ongoing efforts to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with existing technologies.


Auditor ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 46-53
Author(s):  
Thi Lok Doan

The article presents the author’s approach to the formation of corporate reporting of public companies using the example of the oil and gas industry. The key risks of sustainable development are disclosed that correspond to the interests of various significant groups of the company’s stakeholders. The approbation results of a typical corporate reporting model for oil and gas companies in the Petrolimex report (Vietnam) are presented.


2022 ◽  
Vol 153 ◽  
pp. 111710
Author(s):  
A.G. Olabi ◽  
Khaled Obaideen ◽  
Khaled Elsaid ◽  
Tabbi Wilberforce ◽  
Enas Taha Sayed ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Michael Steventon ◽  
Chris Jackson ◽  
Mark Ireland ◽  
Matt Hall ◽  
Marcus Munafo ◽  
...  

Reproducibility, the extent to which consistent results are obtained when an experiment or study is repeated, sits at the foundation of science. The aim of this process is to produce robust findings and knowledge, with reproducibility being the screening tool to benchmark how well we are implementing the scientific method. However, the re-examination of results from many disciplines has caused significant concern as to the reproducibility of published findings. This concern is well-founded – our ability to independently reproduce results build trust both within the scientific community, between scientists and the politicians charged with translating research findings into public policy, and the general public. Within geoscience, discussions and practical frameworks for reproducibility are in their infancy, particularly in subsurface geoscience, an area where there are commonly significant uncertainties related to data (e.g. geographical coverage). Given the vital role of subsurface geoscience as part of sustainable development pathways and in achieving Net Zero, such as for carbon capture storage, mining, and natural hazard assessment, there is likely to be an increased scrutiny on the reproducibility of geoscience results. We surveyed 347 Earth scientists from a broad section of academia, government, and industry to understand their experience and knowledge of reproducibility in the subsurface. More than 85% of respondents recognised there is a reproducibility problem in subsurface geoscience, with >90% of respondents viewing conceptual biases as having a major impact on the robustness of their findings and overall quality of their work. Access to data, undocumented methodologies, and confidentiality issues (e.g. use of proprietary data and methods) were identified as major barriers to reproducing published results. Overall, the survey results suggest a need for funding bodies, data providers, research groups, and publishers to build a framework and set of minimum standards for increasing the reproducibility of, and political and public trust in, the results of subsurface studies.


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