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Danai Danai ◽  
Suppanunta Suppanunta ◽  
Sukontharos Sukontharos ◽  
Thitita Thitita ◽  
Anyapha Anyapha

The digital transformation disruptive on music industry in South Korea expresses objectives are to study risk and disruptive technology on an impact in the music businesses; also, how Korean music industry manages during in the digital era. Besides, using risk theory, demand and supply theory, including disruptive information to support. Methods are used mostly via qualitative data. The result finds from risk that has affected both consumers and producers. Companies and labels in music industry may lose incomes and powers to control the market. Consumers may pay much costs to consume products. On the other hands, consumers have varieties of channels to access in music. Moreover, South Korea adopts and creates the developed technological products to survive in digital age. Technology and digital transformation in music industry have both advantages and disadvantages to the role of people who play in this field. To cope with the changes, industry needs to develop and adapt itself on surviving and handling the competition from more competitors and technology. They should find an approach to adapt, continue and develop an efficiency in the manufacturing sector such as seeking strategies to grasp market, generate another source of revenues by viewing both competitors and partners. Opening minds to challenges for deploying, launching, digitizing, and modernizing the new digital capabilities deeply on how distribution network be integrated into the music industry transformation process to interact with the customers. Because the digital transformation has appeared as a key press in society rather than an option from now on. Keywords: Digital, Disruptive, Music, South Korea, Transformation

Zootaxa ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 5040 (3) ◽  
pp. 404-413

The genera and species of the tribe Rhaconotini are reviewed for the fauna of the Korean Peninsula. A new Rhaconotus species, Rh. koreanus sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The generic placement of the Oriental Rhyssalus striatulus Cameron is corrected and Ipodoryctes species described from China, overlooked in a recent publication on Rhaconotini, are reclassified. The following are new combinations: Rhyssalus striatulus Cameron, 1909 = Mimipodoryctes striatulus (Cameron, 1909) comb. nov.; Ipodoryctes guizhouensis Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Rhaconotinus) guizhouensis (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.; Ipodoryctes hebeiensis Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Rhaconotinus) hebeiensis (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.; Ipodoryctes rugosus Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Rhaconotinus) rugosus (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.; Ipodoryctes rutilans Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Rhaconotinus) rutilans (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.; Ipodoryctes wuyiensis Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Rhaconotinus) wuyiensis (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.; and Ipodoryctes liui Tang et Chen, 2011 = Rhaconotinus (Hexarhaconotinus) liui (Tang et Chen, 2011), comb. nov.  

2021 ◽  
pp. oemed-2021-107635
Bee-Ah Kang ◽  
Sijoung Kwon ◽  
Myoungsoon You ◽  
Heeyoung Lee

ObjectivesFront-line health workers (FHWs) for COVID-19 control in South Korea have implemented a labour-intensive contact tracing programme, which places them at high risk for mental health problems. However, a few studies have examined mental health conditions in this population. We employed a qualitative approach to understand the factors perceived as causes of burn-out and embitterment among temporary FHWs to provide recommendations for supporting the workforce.MethodsWe recruited 20 FHWs to participate in semistructured focus group interviews through purposive sampling. The sample size was determined on the basis of data saturation. We collected data from October to November 2020, audiorecording and transcribing the interviews. Data analysis was conducted manually, applying the principles of grounded theory.ResultsFive levels of perceived sources of occupational burn-out and embitterment emerged. FHWs showed considerable mistrust of patients and faced ethical dilemmas in accessing and disclosing personal information. Poor collaboration with community health centre workers and interested parties as well as inadequate organisational support aggravated their conditions. Lack of social recognition and employment instability also presented challenges for FHWs’ mental health.ConclusionsThe current pandemic response system imposes great moral and emotional burdens on the workforce, prompting the need for initiatives to safeguard the values and needs of those who represent the backbone of the system. This study suggests that multilevel strategies, including providing organisational support and establishing contingency plans for workforce management and resource distribution, may improve FHWs’ mental health outcomes as well as the health system for emergency preparedness.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (9) ◽  
pp. e0257541
Yun Suk Cho ◽  
Yu Jin Sohn ◽  
Jong Hoon Hyun ◽  
Yae Jee Baek ◽  
Moo Hyun Kim ◽  

Background Brain abscess can be life-threatening and manifest various neurological findings, although the mortality rate has decreased recently. We investigated the risk factors for unfavorable outcomes of patients with brain abscess. Methods A retrospective cohort study examined patients with brain abscess seen from May 2005 to December 2018 in a tertiary care hospital in Seoul, South Korea. We reviewed the medical records for clinical findings, therapeutic modalities, and prognostic factors of brain abscess. Unfavorable clinical outcomes were defined as death, moderate to severe disability with neurological deficits, or vegetative state at 1 year or at the time of discharge from outpatient follow-up. Results The study enrolled 135 patients: 65.2% were males; the mean age was 56 years. 35.6% had unfavorable outcomes. In multivariate analysis, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) (p < 0.001), pre-existing hemiplegia (p = 0.049), and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) (p = 0.028) were independently associated with unfavorable outcomes. Conclusions Higher SOFA, pre-existing hemiplegia and higher Charlson comorbidity index were significant risk factors for unfavorable clinical outcomes in patients with brain abscess.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 347-358
Hyeongtae Cho ◽  
SungMan Yoon

This study examines whether the management style of a fund differs depending on the type of fund being managed for tax purposes, given the rules of temporary tax relief for fund investments. The study considers a change in the ratio of tax-favored assets to the net asset value of a tax relief qualified fund around the effective date of tax relief laws in South Korea in 2007 and 2016. A regression model is used to test sample data from domestic and overseas equity funds available in the three months before and after the 2007 and 2016 Restriction of Special Taxation Act came into effect. It was found that the ratio of the value of tax-favored assets to the net asset value in the tax relief qualified fund increased significantly since the enactment of tax relief laws in both 2007 and 2016. These findings suggest that fund managers may try to change the asset allocation in a managed fund to increase the after-tax return of the fund investor, which means that fund managers do take into account the potential tax burden on fund investors and try to minimize it. AcknowledgmentThis work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF- 2019S1A5A8035027).

Hyun Joo Oh ◽  
Kyungwha Hong

This article presents the case of a church in South Korea known for doing effective online children's ministry since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study explored how the church transitioned from in-person to online worship and conducted online children's ministry during COVID-19. Data were collected through interviews, observations, documents, and videos. Results illustrated the process of transition and exposed the positive and negative aspects of online ministry. Future ministry considerations are also discussed.

Mikyung Jun ◽  
Songyi Lee ◽  
Taeeun Shim

The purpose of this study is to examine the first-year students’ experience in college during the COVID-19 pandemic to provide a better understanding of their daily life. Using inductive content analysis, this study examined the characteristics and experiences of students who started college during the COVID-19 period in South Korea. We analyzed 623 pieces of content, using data presented by a total of 81 study subjects. From this analysis, we derived 22 primary keywords, which we divided into eight categories, and then reclassified into three general topics: self-awareness (i.e., self-reflection), activities (i.e., engagement in activities), and resources (i.e., creating relationships or producing results). The results showed that, although first-year college students experienced difficulties in adapting to the COVID-19 situation, they tried to cope with them. Our findings shed light on the experiences of college students who experienced psychological problems during the COVID-19 pandemic and overcame related challenges.

2021 ◽  
Sukhyun Ryu ◽  
Sheikh Taslim Ali ◽  
Eunbi Noh ◽  
Dasom Kim ◽  
Eric H.Y. Lau ◽  

Abstract Background: After relaxing social distancing measures, South Korea experienced a resurgent second epidemic wave of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we aimed to identify the transmission dynamics of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections and assess the impact of COVID-19 case finding and contact tracing in each epidemic wave.Methods: We collected data on COVID-19 cases published by local public health authorities in South Korea and divided the study into two epidemic periods (19 January–19 April 2020 for the first epidemic wave and 20 April–11 August 2020 for the second epidemic wave). To identify changes in the transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2, the daily effective reproductive number (Rt) was estimated using the illness onset of the cases. Furthermore, to identify the characteristics of each epidemic wave, frequencies of cluster types were measured, and age-specific transmission probability matrices and serial intervals were estimated. The proportion of asymptomatic cases and cases with unknown sources of infection were also estimated to assess the changes of infections identified as cases in each wave.Results: In early May 2020, within 2-weeks of a relaxation in strict social distancing measures, Rt increased rapidly from 0.2 to 1.8 within a week and was around 1 until early July 2020. In both epidemic waves, the most frequent cluster types were religious-related activities and transmissions among the same age were more common. Furthermore, children were rarely infectors or infectees, and the mean serial intervals were similar (~3 days) in both waves. The proportion of asymptomatic cases at presentation increased from 22% (in the first wave) to 27% (in the second wave), while the cases with unknown sources of infection were similar in both waves (22% and 24%, respectively).Conclusions: Our study shows that relaxing social distancing measures was associated with increased SARS-CoV-2 transmission despite rigorous case findings in South Korea. Along with social distancing measures, the enhanced contact tracing including asymptomatic cases could be an efficient approach to control further epidemic waves.

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