disaster management
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2022 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-26
Seunghan Lee ◽  
Saurabh Jain ◽  
Young-Jun Son

One of the major challenges faced by the current society is developing disaster management strategies to minimize the effects of catastrophic events. Disaster planning and strategy development phases of this urgency require larger amounts of cooperation among communities or individuals in society. Social networks have also been playing a crucial role in the establishment of efficient disaster management planning. This article proposes a hierarchical decision-making framework that would assist in analyzing two imperative information flow processes (innovation diffusion and opinion formation) in social networks under the consideration of community detection. The proposed framework was proven to capture the heterogeneity of individuals using cognitive behavior models and evaluate its impact on diffusion speed and opinion convergence. Moreover, the framework demonstrated the evolution of communities based on their inter-and intracommunication. The simulation results with real social network data suggest that the model can aid in establishing an efficient disaster management policy using social sensing and delivery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-39
Syarifuddin Syarifuddin ◽  
Umar Umar ◽  
Sukrin Sukrin ◽  
Ihlas Ihlas ◽  
Ruslan Ruslan

Kegiatan penanggulangan bencana yang dilakukan oleh MDMC Kabupaten Bima merupakan salah satu kegiatan wajib dilakukan setiap terjadi bencana alam maupun bencana sosial yang ada di sekitarnya. Bencana yang terjadi saat ini yaitu bencana banjir bandang yang melanda kabupaten Bima yang terdiri dari 4 Kecamatan dan puluhan desa dan ribuan warga yang terdampak. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penanggulangan bencana banjir yang telah dilakukan oleh Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Center (MDCM) kabupaten Bima pada bulan April tahun 2021. Ada beberapa tahapan yang telah dilakukan yaitu; a) Melakukan mitigasi bencana bersama dengan BPBD kabupaten Bima dan juga dengan relawan PMI kabupaten Bima, untuk meminimalisir korban atau dampak bencana; b) Melakukan Kesiapsiagaan bersama dengan BPBD kabupaten Bima, PMI kabupaten Bima dan juga dengan organisasi lainnya, dengan melakukan Rapat koordinasi Kesiapsiagaan; c) Operasi Tanggap Darurat, MDMC mengambil bagian menurunkan ratusan relawan dengan membuka POSKOR dan Dapur Umum lapangan (DUL); d) Melakukan Rehabilitasi dengan menurunkan puluhan relawan dibeberapa Desa yang terdampak bencana banjir bekerjasama dengan relawan RS PKU Muhammadiyah memberikan pelayanan dan pengobatan gratis, dan juga psikososial atau trauma healing yang lebih fokus kepada Anak uasi sekolah SD dan SMP. Ada beberapa kendala dan hambatan yang dihadapi oleh Relawan MDMC diantaranya yaitu kurangnya sumber daya Manusia atau reawan yang siap siaga, Sarana dan prasana yang digunakan di lapangan, dan Dana yang tidak mencukupi, kendala berikutnya adalah kurangnya kesadaran masyarakat  untuk saling membantu.

Reidar Staupe-Delgado ◽  
Olivier Rubin

AbstractIn this article, we set out to reconcile a general conceptualization of disaster temporalities by drawing on the epitome example of a creeping disaster, namely famine. Our argument is driven by the recognition that slowly manifesting disaster impacts pose distinct challenges for decision makers and researchers while there is a tendency for the disaster literature to overlook the role of disaster onset dynamics. More specifically and as a starting point, we identify four key themes that merit particular attention when dealing with creeping disasters: (1) our understanding of disaster as a phenomenon; (2) measurement and operationalization; (3) early warning and response; and (4) disaster management and termination. By integrating conceptual discussions of disaster with famine scholarship—a phenomenon often excluded from mainstream disaster research—this article provides fresh perspectives on disaster science as well as a number of implications for how we think about disaster risk reduction.

Sumit Narayan

Disabled children have a wide range of impairments, talents, and capacities, which collide with a wide range of circumstances and societal attitudes. The following article discusses disaster management in the context of disabled children. Disaster, disability and its management is discussed in the context of international practices in general and suited to India in particular. The research follows a review of the United States National Commission on Children and Disaster and its extrapolations to India. In addition to this Disaster Medicine as one approach to Disaster Management concerning disabled children has been explored. The research concludes that the understanding of particular issues of Children with disabilities as one stakeholder and their capacity to engage, as well as a shift in mindset and power relations in which children with disabilities contribute to DRR projects, are fundamental to disability-inclusive DRR.

S. Shaharuddin ◽  
K. N. Abdul Maulud ◽  
S. A. F. Syed Abdul Rahman ◽  
A. I. Che Ani

Abstract. Technology has advanced and progressed tremendously, and the term city is being elevated to a new level where the smart city has been introduced globally. Recent developments in the concept of smart city have led to a renewed interest in Digital Twin. Using precise Building Information Modelling (BIM) consolidated with big data and sensors, several attempts have been made to establish digital twin smart cities. In recent years, several researchers have sought to determine the capability of smart city and digital twin for various taxonomies such as development and urban planning purposes, built environment, manufacturing, environmental, disaster management, and healthcare. Despite being beneficial in many disciplines, especially in manufacturing, built environment, and urban planning, these existing studies have shown a lack of aspect in terms of emergency or disaster-related as opposed to the elements mentioned above. This is because the researcher has not treated emergencies or disasters in much detail. Therefore, an extensive review on smart city, digital twin, BIM and disaster management and technology that revolves around these terms were summarised. In general, 39 articles from prominent multidisciplinary databases were retrieved over the last two decades based on the suggested PRISMA workflow. These final articles were analysed and categorised into four themes based on the research content, gist, and keywords. Based on the review of 39 articles related to smart city, digital twin and BIM, a workflow for the smart city digital twin and the conceptual framework for indoor disaster management was proposed accordingly. The establishment of smart city digital twins solely for an indoor emergency can be beneficial to urbanites, and it could provide numerous benefits for enhanced situation assessment, decision making, coordination, and resource allocation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (S1) ◽  

In today’ s times, while measuring an organization’s performance in terms of best results, productivity, and profits, more and more is referred not to the material resources, but to the human resources and their competencies in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes. Human resource management system is a process of making people and organizations to come together so that the objectives of each other are met with a win-win approach. Competency is an underlying feature of an individual which enables him/her to deliver superior performance in a given job, role or any situation. Competency mapping is one of the prominent human resource management initiative to identify the knowledge, skills and attributes required to perform a job effectively and efficiently in best possible manner. At present, development of competencies has become one of the key priorities of the organizations. It is also important to realize the factors responsible for enhancement of the competencies to ensure high performance of the employees. This calls for the Human resource management to initiate for competency mapping and identifying the skills affecting the employee’s performance at workplace. Now a days, most of the organizations are utilizing the competency mapping as a tool to identify high performers.  The present study focuses on identifying the competencies for Disaster management professionals that enhances their performance in the management of disasters. The study describes the main goal of conducting competency mapping and how it influences the performance of the disaster management professionals. The overall objective of the study is to explore the factors which ensure high performance of the disaster management professionals.  The study validates that competency-based management and related HR practices are gaining momentum in the field of Disaster Management sector in the context of performance management of the disaster management professionals.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 38-45
Husmiati Yusuf ◽  
Fahmi Ilman Fahrudin ◽  
Adi Fahrudin ◽  
Abu Huraerah ◽  
Kiyah George Albert Wanda

This paper will look into the topic of community involvement in forest fire disaster prevention, specifically in Indonesia. To begin, the paper will discuss the problem of forest fires in Indonesia, which occur frequently. The study also addressed issues related to disaster management, such as a lack of competence and knowledge, which resulted in disaster management ineffectiveness. The paper's third portion discusses the government's involvement in catastrophe management. Several initiatives and support have been implemented.

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