long short term memory
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Author(s):  
Mohammed Al-Shabi ◽  
Anmar Abuhamdah

<span lang="EN-US">The development of the internet of things (IoT) has increased exponentially, creating a rapid pace of changes and enabling it to become more and more embedded in daily life. This is often achieved through integration: IoT is being integrated into billions of intelligent objects, commonly labeled “things,” from which the service collects various forms of data regarding both these “things” themselves as well as their environment. While IoT and IoT-powered decices can provide invaluable services in various fields, unauthorized access and inadvertent modification are potential issues of tremendous concern. In this paper, we present a process for resolving such IoT issues using adapted long short-term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural networks (RNN). With this method, we utilize specialized deep learning (DL) methods to detect abnormal and/or suspect behavior in IoT systems. LSTM RNNs are adopted in order to construct a high-accuracy model capable of detecting suspicious behavior based on a dataset of IoT sensors readings. The model is evaluated using the Intel Labs dataset as a test domain, performing four different tests, and using three criteria: F1, Accuracy, and time. The results obtained here demonstrate that the LSTM RNN model we create is capable of detecting abnormal behavior in IoT systems with high accuracy.</span>


Author(s):  
Ali Saeed ◽  
Rao Muhammad Adeel Nawab ◽  
Mark Stevenson

Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD), the process of automatically identifying the correct meaning of a word used in a given context, is a significant challenge in Natural Language Processing. A range of approaches to the problem has been explored by the research community. The majority of these efforts has focused on a relatively small set of languages, particularly English. Research on WSD for South Asian languages, particularly Urdu, is still in its infancy. In recent years, deep learning methods have proved to be extremely successful for a range of Natural Language Processing tasks. The main aim of this study is to apply, evaluate, and compare a range of deep learning methods approaches to Urdu WSD (both Lexical Sample and All-Words) including Simple Recurrent Neural Networks, Long-Short Term Memory, Gated Recurrent Units, Bidirectional Long-Short Term Memory, and Ensemble Learning. The evaluation was carried out on two benchmark corpora: (1) the ULS-WSD-18 corpus and (2) the UAW-WSD-18 corpus. Results (Accuracy = 63.25% and F1-Measure = 0.49) show that a deep learning approach outperforms previously reported results for the Urdu All-Words WSD task, whereas performance using deep learning approaches (Accuracy = 72.63% and F1-Measure = 0.60) are low in comparison to previously reported for the Urdu Lexical Sample task.


Author(s):  
Ahmed Nasser ◽  
Huthaifa AL-Khazraji

<p>Predictive maintenance (PdM) is a successful strategy used to reduce cost by minimizing the breakdown stoppages and production loss. The massive amount of data that results from the integration between the physical and digital systems of the production process makes it possible for deep learning (DL) algorithms to be applied and utilized for fault prediction and diagnosis. This paper presents a hybrid convolutional neural network based and long short-term memory network (CNN-LSTM) approach to a predictive maintenance problem. The proposed CNN-LSTM approach enhances the predictive accuracy and also reduces the complexity of the model. To evaluate the proposed model, two comparisons with regular LSTM and gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT) methods using a freely available dataset have been made. The PdM model based on CNN-LSTM method demonstrates better prediction accuracy compared to the regular LSTM, where the average F-Score increases form 93.34% in the case of regular LSTM to 97.48% for the proposed CNN-LSTM. Compared to the related works the proposed hybrid CNN-LSTM PdM approach achieved better results in term of accuracy.</p>


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