max phase
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2022 ◽  
Vol 210 ◽  
pp. 114425
Julien Guénolé ◽  
Vincent Taupin ◽  
Maxime Vallet ◽  
Wenbo Yu ◽  
Antoine Guitton

Mostafa H. Sliem ◽  
Karthik Kannan ◽  
Muni Raj Maurya ◽  
Khouloud Jlassi ◽  
Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 273-282
Xinxin Qi ◽  
Weilong Yin ◽  
Sen Jin ◽  
Aiguo Zhou ◽  
Xiaodong He ◽  

AbstractMo2Ga2C is a new MAX phase with a stacking Ga-bilayer as well as possible unusual properties. To understand this unique MAX phase structure and promote possible future applications, the structure, chemical bonding, and mechanical and thermodynamic properties of Mo2Ga2C were investigated by first-principles. Using the “bond stiffness” model, the strongest covalent bonding (1162 GPa) was formed between Mo and C atoms in Mo2Ga2C, while the weakest Ga-Ga (389 GPa) bonding was formed between two Ga-atomic layers, different from other typical MAX phases. The ratio of the bond stiffness of the weakest bond to the strongest bond (0.33) was lower than 1/2, indicating the high damage tolerance and fracture toughness of Mo2Ga2C, which was confirmed by indentation without any cracks. The high-temperature heat capacity and thermal expansion of Mo2Ga2C were calculated in the framework of quasi-harmonic approximation from 0 to 1300 K. Because of the metal-like electronic structure, the electronic excitation contribution became more significant with increasing temperature above 300 K.

2022 ◽  
Yogendra Limbu ◽  
Gopi Chandra Kaphle ◽  
Alok Lal Karn ◽  
Niraj Kumar Shah ◽  
Durga Paudyal

From first principles electronic structure calculations, we unravel the evolution of structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of pristine, defected, and strained titanium nitride MXene with different functional groups (-F, -O, -H, and -OH). The formation and cohesive energies reveal their chemical stability. The MAX phase and defect free functionalized MXenes are metallic except for oxygen terminated (Ti 2 NO 2 ) one which is 100% spin polarized half-metallic ferromagnet. The spin-orbit coupling significantly influences the bare MXene (Ti 2 N) to exhibit Dirac topology and band inversion near the high symmetry directions and Fermi level. The strain effect sways the Fermi level thereby shifting it toward lower energy state under compression and toward higher energy state under tensile strain in Ti 2 NH 2 . The Ti 2 NO 2 exhibits exotic electronic structure and magnetic states not only in pristine but also in strained and defected structures. Its half-metallic nature changes to semi-metallic under 1% compression and it is completely destroyed under 2% compression. In single vacancy defect, its band structure remarkably transforms from half-metallic to semi-conducting with large band gap in 12.5% Ti, weakly semi-conducting in 5.5% Ti, and semi-metallic in 12.5% O. The 25% N defect changes it’s half-metallic characteristic to metallic. Further, the 12.5% Co substitution preserves it’s half-metallic character, whereas Mn substitution allows it to convert half-metallic characteristic into weak semi-metallic characteristic preserving ferromagnetism. However, Cr substitution converts half-metallic ferromagnetic state to half-metallic anti-ferromagnetic state. The understanding made here on collective structural stability, and electronic band structure, and magnetic phenomena in novel 2D Ti 2 N derived MXenes open up their possibility in designing them for synthesis and thereby taking to applications.

Fatemeh Zakeri‐Shahroudi ◽  
Behrooz Ghasemi ◽  
Hassan Abdolahpour ◽  
Mansour Razavi

2022 ◽  
pp. 122870
Y. Azzaz ◽  
M. Benouis ◽  
N. Moulay ◽  
A. Zennati ◽  
Y. Massim ◽  

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