Morphometric study of incisive canal and its anatomic variations in brazilian individuals

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Idalisio Soares Aranha Neto ◽  
Wiler Henrique Souza Cruz ◽  
Isabela de Castro Ribeiro ◽  
Danielle Carvalho Oliveira Coutinho ◽  
Bruno César Ladeira Vidigal ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
Naruhiko Ueda ◽  
Tatsurou Tanaka ◽  
Masafumi Oda ◽  
Nao Wakasugi-Sato ◽  
Shinobu Matsumoto-Takeda ◽  

Abstract Background The purpose of the present study was to describe the CT imaging findings of normal incisive canals and incisive canal cysts and propose cut-off values to differentiate between them. Methods A total of 220 normal subjects and 40 patients with incisive canal cysts on multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) were retrospectively analyzed. The shapes, sizes, anatomic variations, Hounsfield scale values, and so on of maxillary incisive canals and the sizes and Hounsfield scale values of maxillary incisive canal cysts were analyzed. Results A significant difference in sizes of maxillary incisive canals in normal subjects was found between males and females. The sizes of maxillary incisive canals were significantly wider during aging, but shapes, anatomic variations, and Hounsfield scale values in the maxillary incisive canals were not significantly different with aging. A significant difference in sizes but not Hounsfield scale values was found between normal maxillary incisive canals and maxillary incisive canal cysts. Based on a cut-off of over 6 mm in the width of incisive canals, maxillary incisive canal cysts could not be appropriately diagnosed for subjects over 60 years of age. Over 60 years of age, maxillary incisive canal cysts could be appropriately diagnosed based on a cut-off of over 7.1 mm in width of incisive canals. When maxillary incisive canals of the hourglass types were seen on sagittal sections, significantly more patients had maxillary incisive canal cysts than other types. Conclusion In coincidentally diagnosing asymptomatic incisive canal cysts on imaging, we should apply different cut-offs for the size of the maxillary incisive canal for patients over and under 60 years of age. Specifically, the cut-offs for the long axis of maxillary incisive canal cysts were 7.1 mm for patients over 60 years of age and 6.0 mm for those under 60 years of age. In addition, we should pay attention to wider canals with hourglass shapes as indicative of cystic change of maxillary incisive canals.

2014 ◽  
Vol 75 (S 01) ◽  
H. Garcia ◽  
M. Pyfer ◽  
S. Singhal ◽  
M. Otten ◽  
A. Iloreta ◽  

1994 ◽  
Vol 30 (3) ◽  
pp. 459
Hyun Yang Lim ◽  
Noh Kyoung Park ◽  
Kil Jun Lee ◽  
Seok Tae ◽  
Sang Chun Lee

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