endoscopic endonasal approach
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yuefei Zhou ◽  
Jialiang Wei ◽  
Feng Feng ◽  
Jianguo Wang ◽  
Pengfei Jia ◽  

IntroductionThe endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) is a safe and effective treatment for pituitary adenomas (PAs). Since extracapsular resection (ER) of PAs improves tumor resection and endocrine remission rates, the interface between the pseudocapsule and gland draws increasing attention. However, it is difficult to precisely dissect the tumor along the exact boundary, and complete removal of the tumor increases the risks of normal tissue damage and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. In this study, we investigated the extracapsular resection as well as the pseudocapsule histology to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pseudocapsule-related surgical interventions.MethodsFrom December 2017 to December 2019, 189 patients of PAs via EEA in our single center were analyzed retrospectively. The images, operative details, and clinical follow-up of patients were collected. Sixty-four patients underwent pseudocapsule-based ER, and 125 patients also underwent traditional intracapsular resection (IR) with or without intensive excision for FPAs. The clinical characteristics, tumor resection, endocrinological outcomes, and postoperative morbidities of the two groups were compared. Informed consent for publication of our article was obtained from each patient. Histological examination of pseudocapsule was performed using hematoxylin and eosin and reticulin staining.ResultsThe gross total recession was 62 (96.9%) in the ER group and 107 (85.6%) cases in the IR group, whereas the endocrine remission rate was 29/31 (93.5%) and 40/53 (75.5%) cases, respectively. Anterior pituitary functions were not aggravated postoperatively in any patient, but transient diabetes insipidus (DI) occurred more in the IR group (64.0%) than in ER (48.4%). Pseudocapsule specimens were obtained in 93 patients, and clusters of small cell aggregation were detected in 11 pseudocapsule specimens (11.8%) whereas other patients showed no remarkable developed pseudocapsule. Intraoperative CSF leak occurred more in the ER group (28.1%) than in the IR group (13.6%), but no difference was seen between two groups postoperatively. No case of intracranial hematoma or pituitary crisis occurred in both groups. After a mean follow-up of 22.8 months, tumor recurrence was observed in 4 (2.1%) cases.ConclusionPseudocapsule-based extracapsular resection of PAs via EEA is an effective and safe procedure to achieve complete resection with high and sustained endocrine remission and without deteriorating pituitary function.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Vlastimil Novák ◽  
L. Hrabálek ◽  
J. Hoza ◽  
C.Hučko ◽  
D. Pohlodek ◽  

AbstractEndoscopic endonasal approach uses the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses to access the cranial base and may be a source of post-surgical morbidity in many patients with a sellar tumour. The objective of the presented study was to evaluate sinonasal quality of life and assess the effect of chosen reconstruction of the cranial base on the final condition. 65 patients, 33 male and 32 female who underwent an endoscopic endonasal surgery due to sellar expansion, were included into this prospective study. Sinonasal quality of life was evaluated using the Sinonasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) questionnaire before the surgery and six months after the surgery. Sinonasal quality of life was evaluated for the total cohort of patients and for patients after reconstruction (fascia lata, muscle) and without reconstruction. The minimum follow-up period was one year. There was no significant difference between the score (SNOT-22) before the surgery (average 14.4 points) and after the surgery (average 17.5 points), p = 0.067 in the whole cohort. Statistically significant differences were found in the following items—the need to blow nose, nasal congestion, loss of smell and taste, and thick discharge from the nose. The comparison of subgroups with and without the reconstruction yielded statistically significant differences in favour of patients with reconstruction in the following items—lack of high-quality sleep and feeling exhaustion. The endoscopic endonasal approach in patients with a sellar tumour is a gentle method with minimal effects on sinonasal quality of life over a period longer than six months. The most common complaints are the need to blow nose, nasal congestion, loss of smell and taste, and thick discharge from the nose. Cranial base reconstruction using the muscle and fascia lata seems to be a potential factor positively influencing sinonasal quality of life.

Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (46) ◽  
pp. e27843
Chao Tao ◽  
Gang Cheng ◽  
Yunxiang Chen ◽  
Peiyuan Gu ◽  
Weixing Hu

Pituitary ◽  
2021 ◽  
Jean d’Artigues ◽  
Thomas Graillon ◽  
Sébastien Boissonneau ◽  
Kaissar Farah ◽  
Vincent Amodru ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 97 (S.HPT) ◽  
pp. 23-25
拓貴 森迫 ◽  
裕紀 大畑 ◽  
悠一郎 児嶌 ◽  
努 一ノ瀬 ◽  
剛夫 後藤

2021 ◽  
Changchen Hu ◽  
Liyuan Zhou ◽  
Hongming Ji ◽  
Gangli Zhang ◽  
Shengli Chen ◽  

Abstract Background: The hypoglossal canal (HGC) is the most important structural landmark for the endoscopic endonasal approach to access the lower clivus (LC). We explored the feasibility of using the tough fibrous tissue covering the supracondylar groove (SCG) as a useful landmark to identify the location of the HGC. Methods: Four cadaveric specimens were dissected and analyzed. The craniovertebral junction (CVJ) region was accessed utilizing 4-mm endoscope with either 0° or 30° lenses. CVJ exposure and the surgical corridor areas were measured. The relationship between the tough fibrous tissue covering the SCG and the HGC was analyzed.Results: Tough fibrous connective tissue was tightly attached the SCG and ran superomedially to inferolaterally. The angle between the horizontal plane and the long axis of the SCG was 30°. Separating the tough tissue inferolaterally, we could locate the external orifice (EO) of the HGC to further accurately isolate the hypoglossal nerve. Conclusion: The tough fibrous connective tissue covered the SCG to the upper part of the HGC EO. The course of the tough fibrous connective tissue was superomedial to inferolateral. Using the tough fibrous connective tissue covering the SCG as a landmark, it was possible to accurately locate the HGC EO via the endoscopic endonasal approach to access the LC.

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