The Relationship
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2022 ◽  
Vol 145 ◽  
pp. 105485
Chenjunyan Sun ◽  
Carol K.H. Hon ◽  
Kïrsten A. Way ◽  
Nerina L. Jimmieson ◽  
Bo Xia

2022 ◽  
Vol 145 ◽  
pp. 105490
Frederick Owusu Danso ◽  
Emmanuel Adinyira ◽  
Patrick Manu ◽  
Kofi Agyekum ◽  
Divine Kwaku Ahadzie ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (28_suppl) ◽  
pp. 192-192
Desiree Rachel Azizoddin ◽  
Mieke A. Soens ◽  
Meghan Beck ◽  
Kelsey Mikayla Flowers ◽  
Robert R. Edwards ◽  

192 Background: Sleep disturbance negatively impacts quality of life and recovery. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between individual patient factors (demographic, surgical, pain, opioid use, and psychosocial factors) and greater sleep disturbance. Methods: In this prospective longitudinal study, patients completed validated measures regarding their sleep disturbance, pain, opioid use, and psychological symptoms preoperatively and then 2 weeks, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Objective pain sensitivity measures were evaluated at baseline using quantitative sensory testing. Univariable and multivariable generalized estimating equations (GEE) evaluated demographic, surgical, pain, and psychological predictors of sleep disturbance during the first year after surgery for breast cancer. Results: Female patients (n = 259) reported varying degrees of sleep disturbance, which were longitudinally associated with pain, psychosocial factors such as anxiety, depression, and affect. While the mean degree of sleep disturbance did not change substantially over time, the link to pain severity appeared to strengthen over the first postoperative year. Independent preoperative predictors of worse sleep disturbance on multivariable longitudinal GEE included younger age (B = -.09, p =.006), opioid use (B = 3.09, p =.02), higher pain (B =.19, p = <.001) and anxiety (B =.45, p = <.001) at baseline. On the other hand, higher basline positive affect (B = -.14, p = <.012) and the surgical category total mastectomy without reconstruction (B = -2.81, p = <.006) were indepently associated with lower sleep disturbance. Those with worse baseline sleep required more opioid analgesics during surgical recovery, and continued use of opioids at 2 weeks post-surgery was associated with disturbed sleep. Conclusions: Sleep disturbance in the first year following surgery for breast cancer varied substantially between individuals. Certain demographic, psychosocial, and pain factors explained more of this variance than surgical procedure, with the exception of total mastectomy without reconstruction that was associated with lower sleep disturbance. Sleep disturbance was associated with increased need for opioids in the perioperative period, and a propensity for more prolonged postoperative opioid use. Pre-surgical interventions in high risk individuals such as anxiety management, boosting positive affect, and controlling pain that have been shown to improve sleep quality could enhance postoperative recovery and decrease opioid use following breast surgery.

Prita Prasetya ◽  
Teuku Fajar Akbar ◽  
Stanley A. Makalew

The business environment is undergoing dynamic changes such as the increased competition and the development of new technologies. Companies have been increasingly interested in improving their business performance. In the literature on B2B markets there is a high-level agreement that principal's performance can be improved towards holding fewer and closer relationships. Increasing long term relationships represents a starting point for competitive advantage. Research and practice on marketing channel management have proven the importance of managing relationships between people or organizations which is carry out the distribution function (Stern, Louis W and Weitz, 1997). A value has always been the fundamental basis for all marketing activities (Palmatier, 2008). In fact, it is essential to know how to create and deliver value in the relationship, from both point of view, the manufacturer and retailer (Ulaga and Eggert, 2005). The main objective of this research is to obtain a clearer picture of the problems of the situation in the relationship between principal and retailer and plan a collaborative relationship strategy. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach used to determine priorities from various alternatives strategies. The most important thing is to determine the priority order of strategies and formulate policies concerning business competition. This study's managerial implication implied that workers and business actors, and policymakers in the trade sector in the paint and building materials industry could get a rich picture of creating an ideal competitive situation between small and medium business owners and retail network businesses. Keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process, B2B Relationship, Collaboration, Retailer, Strategy

Stefania Tutino

This book uncovers the remarkable story of a fake saint to tell a tale about truth. It begins at the end of the 1650s, when a large quantity of forged documents suddenly appeared throughout the kingdom of Naples. Narrating the life and deeds of a previously unknown medieval saint named Giovanni Calà, the trove generated much excitement around the kingdom. No one was more delighted by the news than Carlo Calà, Giovanni’s wealthy and politically influential seventeenth-century descendant. Attracted by the prospect of adding a saint to the family tree, Carlo presented Giovanni’s case to the Roman Curia. The Catholic authorities immediately realized that the sources were forged and that Giovanni was not real (let alone holy). Yet it took more than two decades before the forgery was exposed: why? Vividly reconstructing the intricate case of the supposed saint, the book reveals the tensions between historical and theological truth. How much could the truth of doctrine depend on the truth of the facts before religion lost its connection with the supernatural? To what extent could theology ignore the truth of history without ending up engulfed in falsity and deceit? This story of a fake saint illuminates early modern tensions. But the struggles to distinguish between facts, opinions, and beliefs remain with us. Examining how our predecessors dealt with the relationship between truth and authenticity guides us too in thinking through what is true and what is not.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Lei Xie ◽  
Shaoping Qiu ◽  
Mary Jo Garcia Biggs

Purpose This study aims to examine the relationship between supervisor’s altruistic leadership behavior (ALB) and family-to-work development (FWD) in the context of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); and test the mediation effect of learning organization culture (LOC) between ALB and FWD. Design/methodology/approach A non-experimental, quantitative, cross-sectional survey research approach was applied. A structural equation modeling technique was used to test all hypotheses. Findings Results indicated that ALB is positively and significantly correlated with FWD. Additionally, the relationship between ALB and FWD is mediated by LOC. Practical implications This study suggests that building and maintaining an effective LOC requires leaders to champion, human resource (HR) professionals to strengthen and employees to support learning as a system. Thus, HR professionals should implement altruistic leadership mentoring and coaching programs. In the case of Chinese SMEs, altruistic leaders are especially instrumental in generating followers’ positive outcomes in both work and family domains. Originality/value This study looks into the influence of organizational factors on the direction of FWD. In particular, this study seeks to examine organizational factors that relate to spillover from family to work.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Izra Berakon ◽  
Muhammad Ghafur Wibowo ◽  
Achmad Nurdany ◽  
Hendy Mustiko Aji

Purpose The increasing number of tourists in the Muslim world every year has encouraged digital business developers and the Sharia banking industry to integrate halal product and service apps with the Sharia mobile banking system. The fourth wave of the industrial revolution has changed the consumer paradigm, creating a young generation that uses digital service transaction systems in their daily lives. This paper aims to investigate the factors that determine intention to use halal tourism apps amongst Muslim tourists to provide insights promoting the development of halal tourism in Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach The research was conducted using an online survey approach. The sample comprised 205 Muslim Millennial and Generation Z travellers. The data collected were analysed using partial least square structural equation modelling. There were three analysis stages: evaluation of the measurement model, assessment of the structural model and hypothesis testing. Findings The findings indicated that trust mediated the relationship between perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness on individual intentions and that halal knowledge positively and significantly impacted individual intentions. In contrast, religiosity was not a significant influence on individual intentions. Originality/value The paper expanded the technology acceptance model by incorporating the key constructs of halal knowledge, religiosity and trust into an integrated research framework; this represented a novel step, especially in the context of halal tourism. The finding that trust mediated the relationship between perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness fills a gap in previous research, which has rarely included the trust construct in technology acceptance models.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 1639-1647
Maha Ismail ◽  
Mutia Sobihah ◽  
Asyraf Afthanorhan*

<p style="text-align: justify;">During the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, universities were obligated to transform from traditional classroom teaching environments to virtual ones. This sudden transformation highlighted the issue of low e-learning system usage amongst instructors of humanity faculties in Jordan's public universities. This study empirically investigated the moderating impact of technology anxiety on the relationship between the instructor's self-efficacy and the e-learning system's actual use to contribute to solving the problem. A survey was distributed to 468 instructors to test the theoretical framework, which yielded 285 valid and complete instruments analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results showed the positive direct effect of self-efficacy on actual use. Furthermore, the level of technology anxiety moderated the relationship. Instructors with low technology anxiety showed a higher level of e-learning system actual usage than those with a high anxiety level. To improve the use of e-learning systems, top management must understand the fundamental role of compulsory training as the Covid-19 pandemic, and the instructor's confidence must be increased by providing training and support.</p>

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